Bill Text: HI SB961 | 2019 | Regular Session | Introduced


Bill Title: Relating To Critical Infrastructure.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 5-0)

Status: (Introduced) 2019-01-24 - Referred to EET/PSM/TEC, WAM. [SB961 Detail]

Download: Hawaii-2019-SB961-Introduced.html

THE SENATE

S.B. NO.

961

THIRTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2019

 

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT

 

 

RELATING to critical infrastructure.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


     SECTION 1.  Chapter 46, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new part to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

"Part      .  CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE

     §46-A  Definitions.  As used in this part, unless the context requires otherwise:

     "Battery storage device" means any identifiable facility, equipment, or apparatus that:

     (1)  Is electrically connected to a critical infrastructure's critical load and paired with a new or existing renewable generation system;

     (2)  Stores electricity from its paired renewable generation system via a chemical or mechanical process;

     (3)  Delivers stored energy at a later time to the critical infrastructure's critical load, an electric utility, or the Hawaii electric system; and

     (4)  Has a storage capacity capable of supplying:

          (A)  A critical infrastructure's critical load for a minimum of forty-eight hours; or

          (B)  The total of a critical infrastructure's average daily usage for a minimum of five hours.

     "Critical infrastructure" means police stations, fire stations, hospitals, nursing homes, designated emergency shelters, and other critical infrastructure that may be designated as such by the governor or other authorized official pursuant to a natural disaster or state of emergency designation.  "Critical infrastructure" may include privately owned property.

     "Critical load" means the minimum load necessary for any critical infrastructure to perform its essential functions during a natural disaster or state of emergency.

     "Designated emergency shelter" means any building owned by the State, a county, or a municipal government agency that has been designated by appropriate authorities as a place of community refuge made available to provide temporary shelter and housing to citizens during any natural disaster or state of emergency as declared by the governor or other authorized official.

     "Electrically isolated community" means a rural or remote community vulnerable to prolonged outages because the community is served by a single distribution or transmission line, is located in or surrounded by mountainous or other isolating terrain, or has historically experienced frequent or prolonged outages.

     "Grid resiliency" means the installation and operation of electric equipment that:

     (1)  Prevents or reduces the severity of damage to the electric grid from a natural disaster or state of emergency;

     (2)  Enables faster recovery of normal grid operations after a grid outage due to a natural disaster or state of emergency;

     (3)  Maintains critical loads at critical infrastructure during a grid outage due to a natural disaster or state of emergency; and

     (4)  May include, without limitation, distributed energy resources, battery storage devices, and microgrid projects, as defined in section 269-46.

     "Prolonged outage" means any outage of the electrical grid lasting forty-eight hours or longer.

     §46-B  Identification of critical infrastructure.  (a)  It is declared to be the policy of the State to ensure that there is an adequate supply of critical infrastructure in the State and to ensure that critical infrastructure can continue operations in service of the public following a natural disaster.  The counties of this state, in coordination with the department of business, economic development, and tourism, shall be responsible for implementing this policy in a manner consistent with this chapter.

     (b)  No later than July 1, 2020, each county, in coordination with the department of business, economic development, and tourism, shall:

     (1)  Develop a comprehensive list of critical infrastructure in this State.  The comprehensive list shall include:

          (A)  The name and address of each critical infrastructure location;

          (B)  The name, telephone number, and electronic mail address of at least one individual employed at the critical infrastructure location in a supervisory role;

          (C)  The estimated capacity of each designated emergency shelter, stated as the number of individuals who could feasibly take refuge at the designated emergency shelter during a natural disaster or state of emergency; and

          (D)  The estimated critical load of each critical infrastructure location;

     (2)  Determine the estimated number of hours that the designated emergency shelter would be able to continue operations following a natural disaster or during a state of emergency.  The determination shall consider:

          (A)  Each critical infrastructure location's ability to store or access adequate food, water, and medical supplies to serve the local community that may be expected to rely on the critical infrastructure following a natural disaster or during a state of emergency;

          (B)  The ability of each designated emergency shelter to store or access adequate food, water, and medical supplies to serve the estimated number of individuals who could feasibly take refuge at the designated emergency shelter following a natural disaster or during a state of emergency; and

          (C)  Whether each critical infrastructure location has sufficient access to a source of backup electricity such that it would be capable of supplying its critical load without significant interruption during an electrical grid outage; and

     (3)  Develop a list of improvements that the county considers reasonably necessary to ensure that each critical infrastructure location can continue operations following a natural disaster or during a state of emergency.  The list of improvements shall include, as applicable:

          (A)  Food and water storage equipment;

          (B)  Medical supplies and equipment to store perishable medical supplies; and

          (C)  Grid resiliency improvements; provided that any electricity generation technology used in such grid resiliency improvements shall be consistent with the State's renewable portfolio standards established in section 269-92.

     §46-C  Critical infrastructure access to electricity.  (a)  It is declared to be the policy of the State to ensure that critical infrastructure locations in the State have access to adequate supplies of electricity after natural disasters and during states of emergency.  The counties, in coordination with the department of business, economic development, and tourism, shall be responsible for implementing this policy in a manner consistent with this chapter.

     (b)  No later than July 1, 2020, each county shall develop a plan to ensure that each critical infrastructure location has access to electricity after natural disasters and during states of emergency.  The plan shall:

     (1)  Recommend grid resiliency improvements for each critical infrastructure location; provided that any electricity generation technology used in such grid resiliency improvements shall be consistent with the State's renewable portfolio standards established in section 269-92;

     (2)  Consider potential cost savings that may result from the use of grid resiliency improvements at critical infrastructure locations to supply the critical infrastructure location's daily electricity needs, or a portion of such daily electricity needs, in addition to the critical infrastructure's critical load after a natural disaster or during a state of emergency; and

     (3)  Consider and account for the increasing use and importance of electricity in the fields of transportation, communications, and medicine and each of these field's importance to responding to natural disasters and states of emergency.

     (c)  No later than July 1, 2020, each county shall develop recommendations to ensure that any electrically isolated community has access to electricity after natural disasters and during states of emergency.  The recommendations shall include:

     (1)  A brief statement explaining the reason or reasons that the area is an electrically isolated community; and

     (2)  Specific grid resiliency improvements that would allow each electrically isolated community to have access to electricity in the event of a prolonged outage of the electrical grid after natural disasters and during states of emergency; provided that:

          (A)  The county shall only recommend measures that are consistent with the State's renewable portfolio standards established in section 269-92; and

          (B)  The county shall consider measures capable of supplying the critical loads of critical infrastructure in the electrically isolated community as well as other loads in the electrically isolated community."

     SECTION 2.  Chapter 196, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding two new sections to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

     "§196-    Identification of critical infrastructure.  (a) It is declared to be the policy of the State to ensure that there is an adequate supply of critical infrastructure in the State and to ensure that critical infrastructure can continue operations in service of the public following a natural disaster.  The department of business, economic development, and tourism, in coordination with the counties, shall be responsible for implementing this policy in a manner consistent with this chapter.

     (b)  No later than July 1, 2020, the department of business, economic development, and tourism shall:

     (1)  Develop a comprehensive list of critical infrastructure in the State.  The comprehensive list shall include:

          (A)  The name and address of each critical infrastructure location;

          (B)  The name, telephone number, and electronic mail address of at least one individual employed at the critical infrastructure location in a supervisory role;

          (C)  The estimated capacity of each designated emergency shelter, stated as the number of individuals who could feasibly take refuge at the designated emergency shelter during a natural disaster or state of emergency; and

          (D)  The estimated critical load of each critical infrastructure location;

     (2)  Determine the estimated number of hours that each designated emergency shelter would be able to continue operations following a natural disaster or during a state of emergency.  The determination shall consider:

          (A)  Each critical infrastructure location's ability to store or access adequate food, water, and medical supplies to serve the local community that may be expected to rely on the critical infrastructure following a natural disaster or during a state of emergency;

          (B)  With respect to each designated emergency shelter, the ability to store or access adequate food, water, and medical supplies to serve the estimated number of individuals who could feasibly take refuge at the designated emergency shelter following a natural disaster or during a state of emergency; and

          (C)  Whether each critical infrastructure location has sufficient access to a source of backup electricity such that it would be capable of supplying its critical load without significant interruption during an electrical grid outage; and

     (3)  Develop a list of improvements that the department of business, economic development, and tourism considers reasonably necessary to ensure that each critical infrastructure location can continue operations following a natural disaster or during a state of emergency.  The list of improvements shall include, as applicable:

          (A)  Food and water storage equipment;

          (B)  Medical supplies and equipment to store perishable medical supplies; and

          (C)  Grid resiliency improvements; provided that any electricity generation technology used in such grid resiliency improvements shall be consistent with the State's renewable portfolio standards established in section 269-92.

     §196-    Critical infrastructure access to electricity.  (a)  It is declared to be the policy of the State to ensure that critical infrastructure locations in the State have access to adequate supplies of electricity after natural disasters and during states of emergency.  The department of business, economic development, and tourism, in coordination with the counties, shall be responsible for implementing this policy in a manner consistent with this chapter.

     (b)  No later than July 1, 2020, the department of business, economic development, and tourism shall:

     (1)  Develop a plan to ensure that each critical infrastructure location has access to electricity after natural disasters and during states of emergency.  The plan shall:

          (A)  Recommend grid resiliency improvements for each critical infrastructure location; provided that any electricity generation technology used in the grid resiliency improvements shall be consistent with the State's renewable portfolio standards established in section 269-92;

          (B)  Consider potential cost savings that may result from the use of grid resiliency improvements at critical infrastructure locations to supply the critical infrastructure location's daily electricity needs, or a portion of daily electricity needs, in addition to the critical infrastructure's critical load after a natural disaster or during a state of emergency; and

          (C)  Consider and account for the increasing use and importance of electricity in the fields of transportation, communications, and medicine and each of these field's importance to responding to natural disasters and states of emergency; and

     (2)  Develop recommendations to ensure access to electricity in electrically isolated communities in the State after natural disasters and during states of emergency.  The plan shall:

          (A)  Identify and list electrically isolated communities; and

          (B)  Recommend specific grid resiliency improvements that would allow electrically isolated communities to have access to electricity in the event of a prolonged outage of the electrical grid after natural disasters and during states of emergency; provided that the department of business, economic development, and tourism shall:

               (i)  Only recommend measures that are consistent with the State's renewable portfolio standards established in section 269-92; and

              (ii)  Consider measures capable of supplying the critical loads of critical infrastructure in electrically isolated communities as well as other loads in such electrically isolated communities."

     SECTION 3.  Section 196-2, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding seven new definitions to be appropriately inserted and to read as follows:

     ""Battery storage device" shall have the same meaning as in section 46-A.

     "Critical infrastructure" shall have the same meaning as in section 46-A.

     "Critical load" shall have the same meaning as in section 46-A.

     "Designated emergency shelter" shall have the same meaning as in section 46-A.

     "Electrically isolated community" shall have the same meaning as in section 46-A.

     "Grid resiliency" shall have the same meaning as in section 46-A.

     "Prolonged outage" shall have the same meaning as in section 46-A."

     SECTION 4.  In codifying the new sections added by section 1 of this Act, the revisor of statutes shall substitute appropriate section numbers for the letters used in designating the new sections in this Act.

     SECTION 5.  New statutory material is underscored.

     SECTION 6.  This Act shall take effect upon its approval.

 

INTRODUCED BY:

_____________________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 


 

Report Title:

Critical Infrastructure; Identification; Access to Electricity; Natural Disaster; State of Emergency

 

Description:

Requires the department of business, economic development, and tourism and the counties to identify and develop plans for critical infrastructure following a natural disaster or during a state of emergency.  Requires the department of business, economic development, and tourism and the counties to identify and develop plans for ensuring access to electricity following a natural disaster or during a state of emergency.

 

 

 

The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.

feedback