2019-2020 Regular Sessions
                   IN ASSEMBLY
                                     January 9, 2019
        Introduced  by  M. of A. NIOU, KIM, BLAKE, MORINELLO, DE LA ROSA, ROZIC,
          L. ROSENTHAL -- read once and referred to  the  Committee  on  Govern-
          mental Operations
        AN  ACT  to  amend  the  executive  law,  in  relation  to requiring the
          collection of certain demographic information by certain  state  agen-
          cies, boards and commissions
          The  People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
     1    Section 1.  Legislative  intent.  The  legislature  hereby  finds  and
     2  declares the following:
     3    (a)  Asian  Americans  as  well  as Native Hawaiians and other Pacific
     4  Islanders are an incredibly diverse group. Due to  this  diversity,  the
     5  United  States  Office  of  Management  and  Budget's Statistical Policy
     6  Directive No. 15, entitled Race and Ethnic Standards for Federal Statis-
     7  tics and Administrative Reporting,  separated  the  "Asian  and  Pacific
     8  Islander" category into two distinct and separate categories, now called
     9  "Asians"  and  "Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders," and these
    10  two distinct categories were used in the 2000 United States Census.  The
    11  United States Census Bureau currently reports  data  for  more  than  20
    12  different ethnicities within these two categories.
    13    (b) While Asian Americans as well as Native Hawaiians and other Pacif-
    14  ic  Islanders  are often misrepresented as a homogeneous group, they are
    15  an extremely diverse group, with  ethnicities  from  over  30  different
    16  countries.  Although Asian American as well as Native Hawaiian and other
    17  Pacific Islander  communities  in  this  state  share  geographical  and
    18  cultural  commonalities,  they  also  experience  diverse social, educa-
    19  tional, health, and  economic  differences  that  are  unique  to  their
    20  respective communities.
    21    (c) Existing state law requires state demographic data to be collected
    22  for  Asian  and some Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander ethnic groups.
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.

        A. 677                              2
     1  However, additional ethnic groups reported by the United  States  Census
     2  Bureau  are  not  included that reflect changing demographics and intra-
     3  state migration patterns. Most  state  agencies  are  currently  not  in
     4  compliance  with  existing state law or have not made the collected data
     5  accessible. Data should be updated on a regular basis and made  accessi-
     6  ble  to the public so that regional and local governments, elected offi-
     7  cials, decision makers, and other stakeholders can use  the  information
     8  to strategically target programs for those most in need.
     9    (d) Given the diversity of languages and cultures, separating data for
    10  additional  Asian  and  additional  Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander
    11  ethnic groups and making the data publicly accessible are  critical  for
    12  enhancing  our  state's  understanding  of  the needs and experiences of
    13  these different communities.
    14    § 2. The executive law is amended by adding a  new  section  170-c  to
    15  read as follows:
    16    §  170-c. Collection of demographic information.  1. Every state agen-
    17  cy, board, or commission that directly or  by  contract  collects  demo-
    18  graphic  data  as  to  the ancestry or ethnic origin of residents of the
    19  state of New York shall use separate  collection  categories  and  tabu-
    20  lations for the following:
    21    (a)  each  major  Asian group, including, but not limited to, Chinese,
    22  Japanese, Filipino, Korean, Vietnamese, Asian Indian, Laotian,  Cambodi-
    23  an,  Bangladeshi,  Hmong,  Indonesian, Malaysian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan,
    24  Taiwanese, Nepalese, Burmese, Tibetan, and Thai; and
    25    (b) each major Pacific Islander group, including, but not limited  to,
    26  Hawaiian, Guamanian, Samoan, Fijian and Tongan; or
    27    (c) other Asian or Pacific Island group.
    28    2.    Every  state  agency,  board,  or commission that directly or by
    29  contract collects demographic data as to the ancestry or  ethnic  origin
    30  of  residents  of  the  state  of New York shall use separate collection
    31  categories and tabulations for the following:
    32    (a) the primary language; and
    33    (b) the place of birth or country of origin.
    34    3. The data collected pursuant to the different collection  categories
    35  and  tabulations described in subdivision (a) shall be included in every
    36  demographic report on ancestry or ethnic origins  of  residents  of  the
    37  state of New York by the state agency, board, or commission published or
    38  released  on or after July first, two thousand twenty. The data shall be
    39  made available to the public in accordance with state and  federal  law,
    40  except  for  personal  identifying  information,  which  shall be deemed
    41  confidential, by posting the data on the internet web site of the agency
    42  on or before July first, two thousand twenty, and  annually  thereafter.
    43  This subdivision shall not be construed to prevent any other state agen-
    44  cy  from posting data collected pursuant to subdivision (a) on the agen-
    45  cy's internet web site, in the manner prescribed by this section.
    46    § 3. This act shall take effect on the one hundred twentieth day after
    47  it shall have become a law.