Bill Text: NY A04950 | 2019-2020 | General Assembly | Amended


Bill Title: Relates to school bus safety cameras; relates to owner liability for failure of operator to stop for a school bus displaying a red visual signal and stop-arm; authorizes school districts to enter into agreements with municipalities for the installation and use of school bus photo violation monitoring systems; makes related provisions.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 29-1)

Status: (Engrossed) 2019-03-19 - REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION [A04950 Detail]

Download: New_York-2019-A04950-Amended.html


                STATE OF NEW YORK
        ________________________________________________________________________
                                         4950--A
                               2019-2020 Regular Sessions
                   IN ASSEMBLY
                                    February 6, 2019
                                       ___________
        Introduced  by  M.  of  A.  MAGNARELLI,  LUPARDO,  THIELE, SIMON, GALEF,
          STIRPE, PICHARDO, D'URSO, McDONALD, PAULIN, SANTABARBARA, ENGLEBRIGHT,
          FALL, SAYEGH, GOTTFRIED, GLICK, GRIFFIN, JAFFEE,  DenDEKKER,  LiPETRI,
          PHEFFER AMATO,  TAYLOR,  WEPRIN,  HYNDMAN,  ARROYO  --  read  once and
          referred to the Committee on Transportation -- reported  and  referred
          to  the  Committee  on  Codes  --  committee discharged, bill amended,
          ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee
        AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to  school  bus
          photo  violation monitoring systems and owner liability for failure of
          operator to stop for a school bus displaying a red visual  signal;  to
          amend  the  general  municipal  law,  in  relation to jurisdiction and
          procedure; to amend the public officers law, in  relation  to  certain
          photographs,  videotapes or other recorded images; to amend the educa-
          tion law, in relation to authorizing school districts  to  enter  into
          agreements  with municipalities for the installation and use of school
          bus photo violation monitoring systems; and providing for  the  repeal
          of such provisions upon expiration thereof
          The  People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
     1    Section 1. Subdivision 1 of section 235 of  the  vehicle  and  traffic
     2  law,  as  amended  by  section  1 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is
     3  amended to read as follows:
     4    1. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any general,  special
     5  or  local  law or administrative code to the contrary, in any city which
     6  heretofore or hereafter is authorized  to  establish  an  administrative
     7  tribunal to hear and determine complaints of traffic infractions consti-
     8  tuting  parking,  standing  or stopping violations, or to adjudicate the
     9  liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section  eleven
    10  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    11  eleven-a  of  this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for
    12  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven  of  this
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                                   LBD09710-03-9

        A. 4950--A                          2
     1  chapter  in  accordance  with  sections  eleven hundred eleven-b of this
     2  chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters  twenty,  [twenty-one,]
     3  and  twenty-two  of  the laws of two thousand nine, or to adjudicate the
     4  liability  of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven
     5  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
     6  eleven-d of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of  owners  for
     7  violations  of  section  eleven  hundred seventy-four of this chapter in
     8  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter,
     9  or  to  adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivision
    10  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance  with
    11  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter, or to adjudicate the
    12  liability of owners for violations of  toll  collection  regulations  as
    13  defined in and in accordance with the provisions of section two thousand
    14  nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the  public authorities law and sections
    15  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    16  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, or  to  adjudicate  liability  of
    17  owners  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chap-
    18  ter for violations of bus lane restrictions as  defined  in  subdivision
    19  (b),  (c), (d), (f) or (g) of such section, or to adjudicate the liabil-
    20  ity of owners for violations of section eleven hundred  eighty  of  this
    21  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chap-
    22  ter,  such  tribunal  and  the  rules and regulations pertaining thereto
    23  shall be constituted  in  substantial  conformance  with  the  following
    24  sections.
    25    §  1-a.  Section  235  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
    26  section 1-a of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to  read  as
    27  follows:
    28    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    29  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    30  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
    31  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
    32  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    33  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    34  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    35  eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or to adjudicate the  liability
    36  of  owners  for  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    37  eleven of this  chapter  in  accordance  with  sections  eleven  hundred
    38  eleven-b  of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen-
    39  ty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine, or to
    40  adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d)  of
    41  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    42  eleven  hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability
    43  of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of  section  eleven  hundred
    44  eleven  of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred
    45  eleven-e of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of  owners  for
    46  violations  of  section  eleven  hundred seventy-four of this chapter in
    47  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter,
    48  or  to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners  for  violations  of toll
    49  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
    50  provisions  of  section  two  thousand  nine  hundred eighty-five of the
    51  public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c
    52  of  chapter  seven  hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred
    53  fifty, or to adjudicate liability of owners in accordance  with  section
    54  eleven  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  for violations of bus lane
    55  restrictions as defined in such section, or to adjudicate the  liability
    56  of  owners  for  violations  of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of

        A. 4950--A                          3
     1  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section
     2  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, such tribunal and the rules and
     3  regulations pertaining  thereto  shall  be  constituted  in  substantial
     4  conformance with the following sections.
     5    §  1-b.  Section  235  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
     6  section 1-b of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to  read  as
     7  follows:
     8    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
     9  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    10  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
    11  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
    12  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    13  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    14  section eleven  hundred  eleven  of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with
    15  sections  eleven  hundred  eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections
    16  sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws  of
    17  two  thousand  nine,  or  to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners for
    18  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven  of  this
    19  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    20  ter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivi-
    21  sion  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance
    22  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or  to  adjudicate
    23  the  liability of owners for violations of section eleven hundred seven-
    24  ty-four of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    25  ty-four-a of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners  for
    26  violations  of  toll collection regulations as defined in and in accord-
    27  ance with the provisions of section two thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-
    28  five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and
    29  sixteen-c  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen
    30  hundred fifty, or to adjudicate liability of owners in  accordance  with
    31  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-c of this chapter for violations of bus
    32  lane restrictions as defined in  such  section,  or  to  adjudicate  the
    33  liability  of owners for violations of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or
    34  (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance  with
    35  section  eleven  hundred eighty-b of this chapter, such tribunal and the
    36  rules  and  regulations  pertaining  thereto  shall  be  constituted  in
    37  substantial conformance with the following sections.
    38    §  1-c.  Section  235  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
    39  section 1-c of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to  read  as
    40  follows:
    41    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    42  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    43  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
    44  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
    45  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    46  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    47  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    48  eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or to adjudicate the  liability
    49  of  owners  for  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    50  eleven of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    51  eleven-e  of  this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for
    52  violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four  of  this  chapter  in
    53  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
    54  or to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners  for  violations  of  toll
    55  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
    56  provisions of section two  thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the

        A. 4950--A                          4
     1  public  authorities  law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c
     2  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws  of  nineteen  hundred
     3  fifty,  or  to adjudicate liability of owners in accordance with section
     4  eleven  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  for violations of bus lane
     5  restrictions as defined in such section, or to adjudicate the  liability
     6  of  owners  for  violations  of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of
     7  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section
     8  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, such tribunal and the rules and
     9  regulations pertaining  thereto  shall  be  constituted  in  substantial
    10  conformance with the following sections.
    11    §  1-d.  Section  235  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
    12  section 1-d of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to  read  as
    13  follows:
    14    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    15  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    16  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
    17  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
    18  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    19  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    20  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    21  eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or to adjudicate the  liability
    22  of  owners  for  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    23  eleven of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    24  eleven-e  of  this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for
    25  violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four  of  this  chapter  in
    26  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
    27  or to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners  for  violations  of  toll
    28  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
    29  provisions of section two  thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the
    30  public  authorities  law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c
    31  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws  of  nineteen  hundred
    32  fifty,  or  to adjudicate liability of owners for violations of subdivi-
    33  sions (c) and (d) of section eleven hundred eighty of  this  chapter  in
    34  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, such
    35  tribunal and the rules  and  regulations  pertaining  thereto  shall  be
    36  constituted in substantial conformance with the following sections.
    37    §  1-e.  Section  235  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
    38  section 1-e of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to  read  as
    39  follows:
    40    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    41  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    42  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
    43  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
    44  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    45  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    46  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    47  eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or to adjudicate the  liability
    48  of  owners  for  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    49  eleven of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    50  eleven-e  of  this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for
    51  violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four  of  this  chapter  in
    52  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
    53  or to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners  for  violations  of  toll
    54  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
    55  provisions of section two  thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the
    56  public  authorities  law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c

        A. 4950--A                          5
     1  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws  of  nineteen  hundred
     2  fifty,  such  tribunal  and the rules and regulations pertaining thereto
     3  shall be constituted  in  substantial  conformance  with  the  following
     4  sections.
     5    §  1-f.  Section  235  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
     6  section 1-f of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to  read  as
     7  follows:
     8    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
     9  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    10  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
    11  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
    12  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    13  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    14  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    15  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or to adjudicate the  liability
    16  of  owners for violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this
    17  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    18  chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of toll
    19  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
    20  provisions  of  section  two  thousand  nine  hundred eighty-five of the
    21  public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c
    22  of  chapter  seven  hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred
    23  fifty, such tribunal and the rules and  regulations  pertaining  thereto
    24  shall  be  constituted  in  substantial  conformance  with the following
    25  sections.
    26    § 1-g. Section 235 of the  vehicle  and  traffic  law,  as  separately
    27  amended  by  chapter 715 of the laws of 1972 and chapter 379 of the laws
    28  of 1992, is amended to read as follows:
    29    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    30  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    31  any city which heretofore or hereafter is  authorized  to  establish  an
    32  administrative  tribunal  to  hear  and  determine complaints of traffic
    33  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    34  adjudicate the liability of owners  for  violations  of  section  eleven
    35  hundred  seventy-four  of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
    36  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or to adjudicate  the  liability
    37  of  owners  for  violations of toll collection regulations as defined in
    38  and in accordance with the  provisions  of  section  two  thousand  nine
    39  hundred   eighty-five   of  the  public  authorities  law  and  sections
    40  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    41  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, such tribunal and the  rules  and
    42  regulations  pertaining  thereto  shall  be  constituted  in substantial
    43  conformance with the following sections.
    44    § 2. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic  law,  as
    45  amended  by  section 2 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    46  read as follows:
    47    1. Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized  such
    48  tribunal  when  created  shall be known as the parking violations bureau
    49  and shall have jurisdiction of traffic infractions  which  constitute  a
    50  parking violation and, where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to
    51  subdivision  (a)  of  section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or
    52  subdivisions (a) of sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter  as
    53  added  by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-
    54  two of the laws of two thousand nine,  or  subdivision  (a)  of  section
    55  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter, or subdivision (a) of section
    56  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision (a)  of  section

        A. 4950--A                          6
     1  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter, shall adjudicate the
     2  liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section  eleven
     3  hundred  eleven  of  this chapter in accordance with such section eleven
     4  hundred  eleven-a, sections eleven hundred eleven-b as added by sections
     5  sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws  of
     6  two  thousand nine, or section eleven hundred eleven-d or section eleven
     7  hundred eleven-e and  shall  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners  for
     8  violations  of  toll collection regulations as defined in and in accord-
     9  ance with the provisions of section two thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-
    10  five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and
    11  sixteen-c  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen
    12  hundred fifty and shall adjudicate liability  of  owners  in  accordance
    13  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for violations of
    14  bus lane restrictions as defined in such section  and  shall  adjudicate
    15  liability  of  owners in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-
    16  four-a of this chapter for violations of section eleven  hundred  seven-
    17  ty-four of this chapter and shall adjudicate the liability of owners for
    18  violations  of  subdivision  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven
    19  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    20  eighty-b of this chapter. Such tribunal, except in a city with  a  popu-
    21  lation of one million or more, shall also have jurisdiction of abandoned
    22  vehicle  violations.  For  the  purposes  of  this  article,  a  parking
    23  violation is the violation of any law, rule or regulation providing  for
    24  or  regulating  the parking, stopping or standing of a vehicle. In addi-
    25  tion for purposes of this article, "commissioner" shall mean and include
    26  the commissioner of traffic  of  the  city  or  an  official  possessing
    27  authority as such a commissioner.
    28    § 2-a. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    29  amended by section 2-a of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    30  read as follows:
    31    1.  Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such
    32  tribunal when created shall be known as the  parking  violations  bureau
    33  and  shall  have  jurisdiction of traffic infractions which constitute a
    34  parking violation and, where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to
    35  subdivisions (a) of sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter  as
    36  added  by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-
    37  two of the laws of two thousand nine,  or  subdivision  (a)  of  section
    38  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter, or subdivision (a) of section
    39  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision (a)  of  section
    40  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter, shall adjudicate the
    41  liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section  eleven
    42  hundred  eleven  of this chapter in accordance with such sections eleven
    43  hundred eleven-b as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twen-
    44  ty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of  two  thousand  nine  or  section
    45  eleven  hundred  eleven-d  or section eleven hundred eleven-e; and shall
    46  adjudicate liability of owners in accordance with section eleven hundred
    47  eleven-c of this chapter for violations  of  bus  lane  restrictions  as
    48  defined  in  such  section  and  shall adjudicate liability of owners in
    49  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter
    50  for  violations  of  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter
    51  and shall adjudicate liability of owners for violations of  subdivisions
    52  (c)  and (d) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accord-
    53  ance with section eleven hundred  eighty-b  of  this  chapter.  For  the
    54  purposes  of  this  article, a parking violation is the violation of any
    55  law, rule or regulation providing for or regulating the  parking,  stop-
    56  ping or standing of a vehicle. In addition for purposes of this article,

        A. 4950--A                          7
     1  "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traffic of the
     2  city or an official possessing authority as such a commissioner.
     3    § 2-b. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
     4  amended by section 2-b of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
     5  read as follows:
     6    1.  Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such
     7  tribunal when created shall be known as the  parking  violations  bureau
     8  and  shall  have  jurisdiction of traffic infractions which constitute a
     9  parking violation and, where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to
    10  subdivision (a) of section eleven hundred eleven-d or subdivision (a) of
    11  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision  (a)  of
    12  section  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall adjudicate
    13  liability of owners in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-c
    14  of  this  chapter  for violations of bus lane restrictions as defined in
    15  such  section;  and  shall  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners   for
    16  violations  of  subdivision  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven
    17  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    18  eighty-b of this chapter. For the purposes of this  article,  a  parking
    19  violation  is the violation of any law, rule or regulation providing for
    20  or regulating the parking, stopping or standing of a vehicle.  In  addi-
    21  tion for purposes of this article, "commissioner" shall mean and include
    22  the  commissioner  of  traffic  of  the  city  or an official possessing
    23  authority as such a commissioner.
    24    § 2-c. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    25  amended by section 2-c of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    26  read as follows:
    27    1. Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized  such
    28  tribunal  when  created  shall be known as the parking violations bureau
    29  and, where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to  subdivision  (a)
    30  of section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or subdivision (a) of
    31  section  eleven  hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision (a) of
    32  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall have juris-
    33  diction of traffic infractions which constitute a parking violation  and
    34  shall  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision
    35  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    36  ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this  chapter.
    37  For  the  purposes of this article, a parking violation is the violation
    38  of any law, rule or regulation providing for or regulating the  parking,
    39  stopping  or  standing  of  a  vehicle. In addition for purposes of this
    40  article, "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traf-
    41  fic of the city or an official possessing authority as  such  a  commis-
    42  sioner.
    43    § 2-d. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    44  amended by section 2-d of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    45  read as follows:
    46    1.  Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such
    47  tribunal when created shall be known as the  parking  violations  bureau
    48  and,  where  authorized by local law adopted pursuant to subdivision (a)
    49  of section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or subdivision (a) of
    50  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision  (a)  of
    51  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall have juris-
    52  diction of traffic infractions which constitute a parking violation. For
    53  the  purposes  of  this article, a parking violation is the violation of
    54  any law, rule or regulation providing for  or  regulating  the  parking,
    55  stopping  or  standing  of  a  vehicle. In addition for purposes of this
    56  article, "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traf-

        A. 4950--A                          8
     1  fic of the city or an official possessing authority as  such  a  commis-
     2  sioner.
     3    § 2-e. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
     4  amended by section 2-e of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
     5  read as follows:
     6    1.  Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such
     7  tribunal when created shall be known as the  parking  violations  bureau
     8  and where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to subdivision (a) of
     9  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e  or subdivision (a) of section eleven
    10  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall have jurisdiction of traf-
    11  fic infractions which constitute a parking violation. For  the  purposes
    12  of  this  article, a parking violation is the violation of any law, rule
    13  or regulation providing for  or  regulating  the  parking,  stopping  or
    14  standing  of  a  vehicle.  In  addition  for  purposes  of this article,
    15  "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traffic of the
    16  city or an official possessing authority as such a commissioner.
    17    § 2-f. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    18  added by chapter 715 of the laws of 1972, is amended to read as follows:
    19    1. Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized  such
    20  tribunal  when  created  shall be known as the parking violations bureau
    21  and where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to subdivision (a) of
    22  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall have juris-
    23  diction of traffic infractions which constitute a parking violation. For
    24  the purposes of this article, a parking violation is  the  violation  of
    25  any  law,  rule  or  regulation providing for or regulating the parking,
    26  stopping or standing of a vehicle. In  addition  for  purposes  of  this
    27  article, "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traf-
    28  fic  of  the  city or an official possessing authority as such a commis-
    29  sioner.
    30    § 3. Section 237 of the vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a
    31  new subdivision 16 to read as follows:
    32    16. To adjudicate the liability of owners for  violations  of  section
    33  eleven  hundred  seventy-four of this chapter in accordance with section
    34  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, if  authorized  by  local
    35  law  adopted  pursuant to subdivision (a) of such section eleven hundred
    36  seventy-four-a.
    37    § 4. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of  the  vehicle  and
    38  traffic law, as amended by section 4 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015,
    39  is amended to read as follows:
    40    f.  "Notice  of  violation"  means a notice of violation as defined in
    41  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven  of  this  article,
    42  but shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant
    43  to  authorization  set  forth in section eleven hundred eleven-a of this
    44  chapter, or sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by
    45  sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the
    46  laws of two thousand nine, or section eleven hundred  eleven-d  of  this
    47  chapter,  or section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or section
    48  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, and shall not  be  deemed
    49  to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to section two thousand
    50  nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the  public authorities law and sections
    51  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    52  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty and shall not be deemed to include
    53  a notice of liability issued pursuant to section eleven hundred eleven-c
    54  of this chapter and shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability
    55  issued pursuant to section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter.

        A. 4950--A                          9
     1    § 4-a. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle  and
     2  traffic  law,  as  amended  by section 4-a of chapter 222 of the laws of
     3  2015, is amended to read as follows:
     4    f.  "Notice  of  violation"  means a notice of violation as defined in
     5  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article but
     6  shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant  to
     7  authorization  set  forth  in  sections  eleven hundred eleven-b of this
     8  chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters  twenty,  [twenty-one,]
     9  and  twenty-two  of  the  laws  of  two  thousand nine or section eleven
    10  hundred eleven-d of this chapter or section eleven hundred  eleven-e  of
    11  this  chapter  or  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    12  and shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant
    13  to section eleven hundred eleven-c of this  chapter  and  shall  not  be
    14  deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to section elev-
    15  en hundred eighty-b of this chapter.
    16    §  4-b. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and
    17  traffic law, as amended by section 4-b of chapter 222  of  the  laws  of
    18  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    19    f.  "Notice  of  violation"  means a notice of violation as defined in
    20  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and
    21  shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant  to
    22  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    23  ter  or  to  a  notice of liability issued pursuant to authorization set
    24  forth in section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or to a  notice
    25  of liability issued pursuant to authorization set forth in section elev-
    26  en  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  this chapter and shall not be deemed to
    27  include a notice of liability issued pursuant to section eleven  hundred
    28  eleven-c  of this chapter and shall not be deemed to include a notice of
    29  liability issued pursuant to section eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of  this
    30  chapter.
    31    §  4-c. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and
    32  traffic law, as amended by section 4-c of chapter 222  of  the  laws  of
    33  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    34    f.  "Notice  of  violation"  means a notice of violation as defined in
    35  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and
    36  shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant  to
    37  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    38  ter  or  to  a  notice of liability issued pursuant to authorization set
    39  forth in section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or to a  notice
    40  of liability issued pursuant to authorization set forth in section elev-
    41  en  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  this chapter and shall not be deemed to
    42  include a notice of liability issued pursuant to section eleven  hundred
    43  eighty-b of this chapter.
    44    §  4-d. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and
    45  traffic law, as amended by section 4-d of chapter 222  of  the  laws  of
    46  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    47    f.  "Notice  of  violation"  means a notice of violation as defined in
    48  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and
    49  shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant  to
    50  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    51  ter  or  to  a  notice of liability issued pursuant to authorization set
    52  forth in section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or to a  notice
    53  of liability issued pursuant to authorization set forth in section elev-
    54  en hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter.

        A. 4950--A                         10
     1    §  4-e. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and
     2  traffic law, as amended by section 4-e of chapter 222  of  the  laws  of
     3  2015, is amended to read as follows:
     4    f.  "Notice  of  violation"  means a notice of violation as defined in
     5  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and
     6  shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant  to
     7  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
     8  ter  or  to  a  notice of liability issued pursuant to authorization set
     9  forth in section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter.
    10    § 4-f. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle  and
    11  traffic  law, as added by chapter 180 of the laws of 1980, is amended to
    12  read as follows:
    13    f. "Notice of violation" means a notice of  violation  as  defined  in
    14  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and
    15  shall  not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to
    16  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    17  chapter.
    18    § 5. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and  traffic
    19  law,  as  amended  by  section 5 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, are
    20  amended to read as follows:
    21    1. Notice of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with  a  parking
    22  violation  enters  a plea of not guilty or a person alleged to be liable
    23  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of  this  chapter  or
    24  sections  eleven  hundred  eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections
    25  sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws  of
    26  two thousand nine or section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or
    27  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter, or section eleven
    28  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, for a violation  of  subdivision
    29  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter contests such alle-
    30  gation,  or  a  person  alleged  to  be  liable  in  accordance with the
    31  provisions of section two  thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the
    32  public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of
    33  chapter  seven  hundred  seventy-four  of  the  laws of nineteen hundred
    34  fifty, or  a  person  alleged  to  be  liable  in  accordance  with  the
    35  provisions  of  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-c of this chapter for a
    36  violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section  contests
    37  such allegation, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance with the
    38  provisions  of  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b of this chapter for a
    39  violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or  (g)  of  section  eleven
    40  hundred  eighty  of  this  chapter  contests such allegation, the bureau
    41  shall advise such person personally by such form of first class mail  as
    42  the  director  may  direct of the date on which he or she must appear to
    43  answer the charge at a hearing. The form and content of such  notice  of
    44  hearing shall be prescribed by the director, and shall contain a warning
    45  to advise the person so pleading or contesting that failure to appear on
    46  the  date  designated,  or  on  any  subsequent adjourned date, shall be
    47  deemed an admission of liability, and that a  default  judgment  may  be
    48  entered thereon.
    49    1-a.  Fines  and  penalties.  Whenever  a  plea of not guilty has been
    50  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    51  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of  this  chapter  or
    52  sections  eleven  hundred  eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections
    53  sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws  of
    54  two  thousand nine or section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or
    55  section eleven hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter  or  section  eleven
    56  hundred  seventy-four-a of this chapter or an allegation of liability in

        A. 4950--A                         11
     1  accordance with section two thousand nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the
     2  public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of
     3  chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty
     4  or  an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred
     5  eleven-c of this chapter or an allegation  of  liability  in  accordance
     6  with   section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of  this  chapter,  is  being
     7  contested, by a person in a timely fashion and a hearing upon the merits
     8  has been demanded, but has not yet been held, the bureau shall not issue
     9  any notice of fine or penalty to that person prior to the  date  of  the
    10  hearing.
    11    §  5-a. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traf-
    12  fic law, as amended by section 5-a of chapter 222 of the laws  of  2015,
    13  are amended to read as follows:
    14    1.  Notice  of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with a parking
    15  violation enters a plea of not guilty or a person alleged to  be  liable
    16  in  accordance  with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as
    17  added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and  twenty-
    18  two  of the laws of two thousand nine or section eleven hundred eleven-d
    19  of this chapter or section eleven hundred eleven-e of  this  chapter  or
    20  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter for a violation of
    21  subdivision  (d)  of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter, or a
    22  person alleged to be liable in accordance with the provisions of section
    23  eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of  a  bus  lane
    24  restriction  as  defined  in such section contests such allegation, or a
    25  person alleged to be liable in accordance with the provisions of section
    26  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter for  violations  of  subdivision
    27  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    28  ter  contests  such  allegation,  the  bureau  shall  advise such person
    29  personally by such form of first class mail as the director  may  direct
    30  of  the  date  on  which he or she must appear to answer the charge at a
    31  hearing. The form and  content  of  such  notice  of  hearing  shall  be
    32  prescribed  by  the  director, and shall contain a warning to advise the
    33  person so pleading or contesting that failure  to  appear  on  the  date
    34  designated,  or  on  any  subsequent  adjourned date, shall be deemed an
    35  admission of liability, and that a default judgment may be entered ther-
    36  eon.
    37    1-a. Fines and penalties. Whenever a  plea  of  not  guilty  has  been
    38  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    39  in  accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, as
    40  added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and  twenty-
    41  two of the laws of two thousand nine or in accordance with section elev-
    42  en hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or in accordance with section elev-
    43  en   hundred   eleven-e  of  this  chapter  or  section  eleven  hundred
    44  seventy-four-a of this chapter or an allegation of liability in  accord-
    45  ance  with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or an allega-
    46  tion of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b  of
    47  this  chapter  is being contested, by a person in a timely fashion and a
    48  hearing upon the merits has been demanded, but has not  yet  been  held,
    49  the  bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to that person
    50  prior to the date of the hearing.
    51    § 5-b. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and  traf-
    52  fic  law,  as amended by section 5-b of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015,
    53  are amended to read as follows:
    54    1. Notice of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with  a  parking
    55  violation  enters  a plea of not guilty or a person alleged to be liable
    56  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or in

        A. 4950--A                         12
     1  accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter  or
     2  section  eleven  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or in accordance
     3  with the provisions of section eleven hundred eleven-c of  this  chapter
     4  for  a  violation  of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section,
     5  contests such allegation, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance
     6  with the provisions of section eleven hundred eighty-b of  this  chapter
     7  for violations of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section elev-
     8  en  hundred  eighty of this chapter contests such allegation, the bureau
     9  shall advise such person personally by such form of first class mail  as
    10  the  director  may  direct of the date on which he or she must appear to
    11  answer the charge at a hearing. The form and content of such  notice  of
    12  hearing shall be prescribed by the director, and shall contain a warning
    13  to  advise  the  person  so  pleading that failure to appear on the date
    14  designated, or on any subsequent adjourned  date,  shall  be  deemed  an
    15  admission of liability, and that a default judgment may be entered ther-
    16  eon.
    17    1-a.  Fines  and  penalties.  Whenever  a  plea of not guilty has been
    18  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    19  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or in
    20  accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter  or
    21  section  eleven  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or in accordance
    22  with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or an allegation of
    23  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of  this
    24  chapter  is being contested, by a person in a timely fashion and a hear-
    25  ing upon the merits has been demanded, but has not yet  been  held,  the
    26  bureau  shall  not  issue  any  notice of fine or penalty to that person
    27  prior to the date of the hearing.
    28    § 5-c. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and  traf-
    29  fic  law,  as amended by section 5-c of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015,
    30  are amended to read as follows:
    31    1. Notice of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with  a  parking
    32  violation  enters a plea of not guilty, or a person alleged to be liable
    33  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or a
    34  person alleged to be liable in accordance with  section  eleven  hundred
    35  eleven-e of this chapter, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance
    36  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or a person
    37  alleged to be liable in accordance with the provisions of section eleven
    38  hundred eighty-b of this chapter for violations of subdivision (b), (c),
    39  (d), (f) or (g)  of  section  eleven  hundred  eighty  of  this  chapter
    40  contests such allegation, the bureau shall advise such person personally
    41  by  such form of first class mail as the director may direct of the date
    42  on which he or she must appear to answer the charge at  a  hearing.  The
    43  form  and  content  of such notice of hearing shall be prescribed by the
    44  director, and shall contain a warning to advise the person  so  pleading
    45  that  failure  to  appear  on  the date designated, or on any subsequent
    46  adjourned date, shall be deemed an admission of liability,  and  that  a
    47  default judgment may be entered thereon.
    48    1-a.  Fines  and  penalties.  Whenever  a  plea of not guilty has been
    49  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    50  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chapter,  or
    51  the  bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability in accord-
    52  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or the bureau
    53  has been notified that an allegation of  liability  in  accordance  with
    54  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or the bureau has
    55  been notified that an allegation of liability in accordance with section
    56  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, is being contested, by a person

        A. 4950--A                         13
     1  in a timely fashion and a hearing upon the merits has been demanded, but
     2  has  not yet been held, the bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or
     3  penalty to that person prior to the date of the hearing.
     4    §  5-d. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traf-
     5  fic law, as amended by section 5-d of chapter 222 of the laws  of  2015,
     6  are amended to read as follows:
     7    1.  Notice  of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with a parking
     8  violation enters a plea of not guilty, or a person alleged to be  liable
     9  in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter
    10  contests such allegation, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance
    11  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter contests such alle-
    12  gation, or a person alleged to be  liable  in  accordance  with  section
    13  eleven  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter contests such allegation,
    14  the bureau shall advise such person personally by  such  form  of  first
    15  class  mail  as  the  director may direct of the date on which he or she
    16  must appear to answer the charge at a hearing. The form and  content  of
    17  such  notice  of  hearing shall be prescribed by the director, and shall
    18  contain a warning to advise the  person  so  pleading  that  failure  to
    19  appear  on  the  date  designated,  or on any subsequent adjourned date,
    20  shall be deemed an admission of liability, and that a  default  judgment
    21  may be entered thereon.
    22    1-a.  Fines  and  penalties.  Whenever  a  plea of not guilty has been
    23  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    24  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chapter,  is
    25  being  contested,  or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of
    26  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of  this
    27  chapter,  is  being  contested,  or the bureau has been notified that an
    28  allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    29  ty-four-a of this chapter, is being contested, by a person in  a  timely
    30  fashion and a hearing upon the merits has been demanded, but has not yet
    31  been  held,  the bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to
    32  that person prior to the date of the hearing.
    33    § 5-e. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and  traf-
    34  fic  law,  as amended by section 5-e of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015,
    35  are amended to read as follows:
    36    1. Notice of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with  a  parking
    37  violation  enters a plea of not guilty, or a person alleged to be liable
    38  in accordance with section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter
    39  contests such allegation, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance
    40  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter contests such
    41  allegation,  the bureau shall advise such person personally by such form
    42  of first class mail as the director may direct of the date on  which  he
    43  or  she  must  appear  to  answer  the charge at a hearing. The form and
    44  content of such notice of hearing shall be prescribed by  the  director,
    45  and  shall contain a warning to advise the person so pleading that fail-
    46  ure to appear on the date designated, or  on  any  subsequent  adjourned
    47  date,  shall  be  deemed  an  admission of liability, and that a default
    48  judgment may be entered thereon.
    49    1-a. Fines and penalties. Whenever a  plea  of  not  guilty  has  been
    50  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    51  in  accordance  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, is
    52  being contested, or the bureau has been notified that an  allegation  of
    53  liability  in  accordance  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of
    54  this chapter, is being contested, by a person in a timely fashion and  a
    55  hearing  upon  the  merits has been demanded, but has not yet been held,

        A. 4950--A                         14
     1  the bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to that  person
     2  prior to the date of the hearing.
     3    §  5-f. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traf-
     4  fic law, subdivision 1 as added by chapter 715 of the laws of  1972  and
     5  subdivision 1-a as added by chapter 365 of the laws of 1978, are amended
     6  to read as follows:
     7    1.  Notice  of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with a parking
     8  violation enters a plea of not guilty, or a person alleged to be  liable
     9  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    10  contests such allegation, the bureau shall advise such person personally
    11  by  such form of first class mail as the director may direct of the date
    12  on which he or she must appear to answer the charge at  a  hearing.  The
    13  form  and  content  of such notice of hearing shall be prescribed by the
    14  director, and shall contain a warning to advise the person  so  pleading
    15  that  failure  to  appear  on  the date designated, or on any subsequent
    16  adjourned date, shall be deemed an admission of liability,  and  that  a
    17  default judgment may be entered thereon.
    18    1-a.  Fines  and  penalties.  Whenever  a  plea of not guilty has been
    19  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    20  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chap-
    21  ter,  is  being contested, by a person in a timely fashion and a hearing
    22  upon the merits has been demanded, but has not yet been held, the bureau
    23  shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to that  person  prior  to
    24  the date of the hearing.
    25    § 6. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehicle
    26  and  traffic  law, as amended by section 6 of chapter 222 of the laws of
    27  2015, are amended to read as follows:
    28    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    29  or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred
    30  eleven-a  of  this chapter or in accordance with sections eleven hundred
    31  eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters  twen-
    32  ty,  [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or in
    33  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chapter  or  in
    34  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or in
    35  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or
    36  an allegation of liability in accordance with section two thousand  nine
    37  hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a,
    38  sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c  of  chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the
    39  laws of nineteen hundred fifty or an allegation of liability in  accord-
    40  ance  with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or an allega-
    41  tion of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b  of
    42  this chapter, shall be held before a hearing examiner in accordance with
    43  rules and regulations promulgated by the bureau.
    44    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a
    45  hearing  at  which  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    46  eleven-a of this chapter or in accordance with sections  eleven  hundred
    47  eleven-b  of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen-
    48  ty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or  in
    49  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d  of this chapter is
    50  contested or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of  this
    51  chapter is contested or in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    52  ty-four-a  of this chapter is contested or of a hearing at which liabil-
    53  ity in accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five  of
    54  the   public  authorities  law  or  sections  sixteen-a,  sixteen-b  and
    55  sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of  nineteen
    56  hundred fifty is contested or of a hearing at which liability in accord-

        A. 4950--A                         15
     1  ance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or a hearing
     2  at which liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of
     3  this chapter is contested. Recording devices may be used for the  making
     4  of the record.
     5    § 6-a. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
     6  cle  and  traffic  law,  as amended by section 6-a of chapter 222 of the
     7  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
     8    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
     9  or an allegation of liability in accordance with sections eleven hundred
    10  eleven-b of this chapter, as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen-
    11  ty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or  in
    12  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or in
    13  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this  chapter  or  in
    14  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or
    15  an  allegation  of  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    16  eleven-c of this chapter or an allegation  of  liability  in  accordance
    17  with  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of this chapter, shall be held
    18  before a hearing examiner  in  accordance  with  rules  and  regulations
    19  promulgated by the bureau.
    20    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a
    21  hearing  at  which  liability in accordance with sections eleven hundred
    22  eleven-b of this chapter, as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen-
    23  ty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or  in
    24  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or in
    25  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this  chapter  or  in
    26  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or
    27  of  a  hearing  at  which  liability  in  accordance with section eleven
    28  hundred eleven-c of this chapter or a  hearing  at  which  liability  in
    29  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of this chapter is
    30  contested.  Recording devices may be used for the making of the record.
    31    § 6-b. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
    32  cle and traffic law, as amended by section 6-b of  chapter  222  of  the
    33  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
    34    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    35  or  an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred
    36  seventy-four-a of this chapter or an allegation of liability in  accord-
    37  ance  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or an allega-
    38  tion of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d  of
    39  this  chapter  or  an allegation of liability in accordance with section
    40  eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or an allegation of liability in
    41  accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter shall be
    42  held before a hearing examiner in accordance with rules and  regulations
    43  promulgated by the bureau.
    44    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a
    45  hearing  at  which  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    46  seventy-four-a of this chapter or of a hearing  at  which  liability  in
    47  accordance  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or of a
    48  hearing at which liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    49  eleven-d  of  this chapter or of a hearing at which liability in accord-
    50  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or  a  hearing
    51  at which liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of
    52  this chapter is contested.  Recording devices may be used for the making
    53  of the record.
    54    § 6-c. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
    55  cle  and  traffic  law,  as amended by section 6-c of chapter 222 of the
    56  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:

        A. 4950--A                         16
     1    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
     2  or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred
     3  seventy-four-a  of this chapter or an allegation of liability in accord-
     4  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or an  allega-
     5  tion  of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of
     6  this chapter or an allegation of liability in  accordance  with  section
     7  eleven  hundred  eighty-b of this chapter shall be held before a hearing
     8  examiner in accordance with rules and  regulations  promulgated  by  the
     9  bureau.
    10    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a
    11  hearing  at  which  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    12  seventy-four-a of this chapter or of a hearing  at  which  liability  in
    13  accordance  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or of a
    14  hearing at which liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    15  eleven-d  of  this chapter or a hearing at which liability in accordance
    16  with section eleven hundred  eighty-b  of  this  chapter  is  contested.
    17  Recording devices may be used for the making of the record.
    18    § 6-d. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
    19  cle  and  traffic  law,  as amended by section 6-d of chapter 222 of the
    20  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
    21    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    22  or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred
    23  seventy-four-a  of this chapter or an allegation of liability in accord-
    24  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or an  allega-
    25  tion  of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of
    26  this chapter shall be held before a hearing examiner in accordance  with
    27  rules and regulations promulgated by the bureau.
    28    g.  A  record  shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or a
    29  hearing at which liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    30  eleven-d of this chapter is contested or of a hearing at which liability
    31  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    32  or  a  hearing  at  which  liability  in  accordance with section eleven
    33  hundred eleven-e of this chapter is contested. Recording devices may  be
    34  used for the making of the record.
    35    § 6-e. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
    36  cle  and  traffic  law,  as amended by section 6-e of chapter 222 of the
    37  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
    38    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    39  or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred
    40  eleven-e  of  this  chapter  or an allegation of liability in accordance
    41  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter shall be held
    42  before a hearing examiner  in  accordance  with  rules  and  regulations
    43  promulgated by the bureau.
    44    g.  A  record  shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or a
    45  hearing at which liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    46  eleven-e of this chapter is contested or a hearing at which liability in
    47  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter is
    48  contested.  Recording devices may be used for the making of the record.
    49    § 6-f. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
    50  cle  and  traffic  law, as added by chapter 715 of the laws of 1972, are
    51  amended to read as follows:
    52    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    53  or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred
    54  seventy-four-a  of  this chapter shall be held before a hearing examiner
    55  in accordance with rules and regulations promulgated by the bureau.

        A. 4950--A                         17
     1    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not  guilty  or  a
     2  hearing  at  which  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
     3  seventy-four-a of this chapter is contested.  Recording devices  may  be
     4  used for the making of the record.
     5    §  7.  Subdivisions  1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic
     6  law, as amended by section 7 of chapter 222 of the  laws  of  2015,  are
     7  amended to read as follows:
     8    1.  The  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges,
     9  either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner  deter-
    10  mines  that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine either
    11  the prior  parking  violations  record  or  the  record  of  liabilities
    12  incurred  in  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-a of this
    13  chapter or in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b  of  this
    14  chapter  as  added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,]
    15  and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or  in  accordance  with
    16  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter or in accordance with
    17  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or  in  accordance  with
    18  section  eleven  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or the record of
    19  liabilities incurred  in  accordance  with  section  two  thousand  nine
    20  hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a,
    21  sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c  of  chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the
    22  laws of nineteen hundred fifty of the person charged, or the  record  of
    23  liabilities  incurred in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c
    24  of this chapter, or the record of  liabilities  incurred  in  accordance
    25  with  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of this chapter, as applicable
    26  prior to rendering a final determination. Final determinations  sustain-
    27  ing or dismissing charges shall be entered on a final determination roll
    28  maintained  by  the  bureau  together  with  records showing payment and
    29  nonpayment of penalties.
    30    2. Where an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge  of  a
    31  parking  violation  or  contest an allegation of liability in accordance
    32  with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter  or  in  accordance
    33  with  sections  eleven  hundred  eleven-b  of  this  chapter as added by
    34  sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the
    35  laws of two thousand nine or in accordance with section  eleven  hundred
    36  eleven-d  of  this  chapter or in accordance with section eleven hundred
    37  eleven-e of this chapter or in accordance with  section  eleven  hundred
    38  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter  or  fails to contest an allegation of
    39  liability in accordance with section two thousand nine  hundred  eighty-
    40  five  of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and
    41  sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of  nineteen
    42  hundred fifty, or fails to contest an allegation of liability in accord-
    43  ance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or fails to
    44  contest an allegation of liability in  accordance  with  section  eleven
    45  hundred  eighty-b  of  this  chapter  or fails to appear on a designated
    46  hearing date or subsequent adjourned date or fails after  a  hearing  to
    47  comply  with  the  determination of a hearing examiner, as prescribed by
    48  this article or by rule or regulation of the  bureau,  such  failure  to
    49  plead or contest, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all purposes, an
    50  admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering and entering a
    51  default  judgment  in an amount provided by the rules and regulations of
    52  the  bureau.  However,  after  the  expiration  of  the  original   date
    53  prescribed  for  entering  a  plea  and before a default judgment may be
    54  rendered, in such case the  bureau  shall  pursuant  to  the  applicable
    55  provisions  of  law notify such operator or owner, by such form of first
    56  class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the  violation  charged,

        A. 4950--A                         18
     1  or  liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this
     2  chapter or in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b  of  this
     3  chapter  as  added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,]
     4  and  twenty-two  of  the laws of two thousand nine or in accordance with
     5  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or  in  accordance  with
     6  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter or in accordance with
     7  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter alleged or liabil-
     8  ity in accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five  of
     9  the   public  authorities  law  or  sections  sixteen-a,  sixteen-b  and
    10  sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of  nineteen
    11  hundred  fifty  alleged  or  liability in accordance with section eleven
    12  hundred eleven-c of this chapter or liability in accordance with section
    13  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter alleged, (2)  of  the  impending
    14  default  judgment,  (3)  that such judgment will be entered in the Civil
    15  Court of the city in which the bureau has  been  established,  or  other
    16  court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of
    17  civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may
    18  be  avoided  by entering a plea or contesting an allegation of liability
    19  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or in
    20  accordance with sections eleven hundred  eleven-b  of  this  chapter  as
    21  added  by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-
    22  two of the laws of two thousand nine or in accordance with section elev-
    23  en hundred eleven-d of this chapter or in accordance with section eleven
    24  hundred eleven-e of this chapter or in accordance  with  section  eleven
    25  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  this chapter or contesting an allegation of
    26  liability in accordance with section two thousand nine  hundred  eighty-
    27  five  of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and
    28  sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of  nineteen
    29  hundred  fifty  or  contesting  an allegation of liability in accordance
    30  with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter  or  contesting  an
    31  allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eight-
    32  y-b  of  this  chapter,  as  appropriate, or making an appearance within
    33  thirty days of the sending of such notice. Pleas entered and allegations
    34  contested within that period shall be in the manner  prescribed  in  the
    35  notice  and  not  subject  to  additional penalty or fee. Such notice of
    36  impending default judgment shall not be required prior to the  rendering
    37  and  entry  thereof in the case of operators or owners who are non-resi-
    38  dents of the state of New York. In no case shall a default  judgment  be
    39  rendered  or,  where required, a notice of impending default judgment be
    40  sent, more than two years after the expiration of  the  time  prescribed
    41  for  entering  a  plea  or  contesting  an allegation. When a person has
    42  demanded a hearing, no fine or penalty shall be imposed for any  reason,
    43  prior  to the holding of the hearing. If the hearing examiner shall make
    44  a determination on the charges, sustaining them, he or she shall  impose
    45  no  greater  penalty  or  fine  than  those  upon  which  the person was
    46  originally charged.
    47    § 7-a. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and  traffic
    48  law,  as  amended by section 7-a of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, are
    49  amended to read as follows:
    50    1. The hearing examiner shall make a  determination  on  the  charges,
    51  either  sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner deter-
    52  mines that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine  either
    53  the  prior  parking  violations  record  or  the  record  of liabilities
    54  incurred in accordance with sections eleven  hundred  eleven-b  of  this
    55  chapter  as  added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,]
    56  and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or  in  accordance  with

        A. 4950--A                         19
     1  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter or in accordance with
     2  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or  in  accordance  with
     3  section  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  this chapter of the person
     4  charged,  or  the  record  of  liabilities  incurred  in accordance with
     5  section eleven hundred eleven-c  of  this  chapter,  or  the  record  of
     6  liabilities  incurred in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b
     7  of this chapter, as applicable prior to rendering a final determination.
     8  Final determinations sustaining or dismissing charges shall  be  entered
     9  on  a  final  determination  roll maintained by the bureau together with
    10  records showing payment and nonpayment of penalties.
    11    2. Where an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge  of  a
    12  parking  violation  or  contest an allegation of liability in accordance
    13  with sections eleven hundred  eleven-b  of  this  chapter  as  added  by
    14  sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the
    15  laws  of  two thousand nine or in accordance with section eleven hundred
    16  eleven-d of this chapter, or in accordance with section  eleven  hundred
    17  eleven-e  of  this chapter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred
    18  seventy-four-a of this chapter, or fails to  contest  an  allegation  of
    19  liability  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-c of this
    20  chapter, or fails to contest an  allegation  of  liability  incurred  in
    21  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b of this chapter, or
    22  fails to appear on a designated hearing  date  or  subsequent  adjourned
    23  date  or  fails  after  a  hearing to comply with the determination of a
    24  hearing examiner, as prescribed by this article or by rule or regulation
    25  of the bureau, such failure to plead, contest, appear or comply shall be
    26  deemed, for all purposes, an admission of liability and shall be grounds
    27  for rendering and entering a default judgment in an amount  provided  by
    28  the  rules  and regulations of the bureau. However, after the expiration
    29  of the original date prescribed for entering a plea and before a default
    30  judgment may be rendered, in such case the bureau shall pursuant to  the
    31  applicable provisions of law notify such operator or owner, by such form
    32  of  first  class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation
    33  charged,  or  liability  in  accordance  with  sections  eleven  hundred
    34  eleven-b of this chapter, as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen-
    35  ty,  [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or in
    36  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter,  or  in
    37  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or in
    38  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter,
    39  or  liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this
    40  chapter or liability in accordance with section eleven hundred  eighty-b
    41  of this chapter alleged, (2) of the impending default judgment, (3) that
    42  such  judgment  will  be entered in the Civil Court of the city in which
    43  the bureau has been established, or other court of civil jurisdiction or
    44  any other place provided for the entry of  civil  judgments  within  the
    45  state  of  New York, and (4) that a default may be avoided by entering a
    46  plea or  contesting  an  allegation  of  liability  in  accordance  with
    47  sections  eleven  hundred  eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections
    48  sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws  of
    49  two  thousand nine or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d
    50  of this chapter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of
    51  this  chapter,  or   in   accordance   with   section   eleven   hundred
    52  seventy-four-a of this chapter, or contesting an allegation of liability
    53  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or
    54  contesting an allegation of liability in accordance with section  eleven
    55  hundred eighty-b of this chapter as appropriate, or making an appearance
    56  within  thirty  days  of  the  sending of such notice. Pleas entered and

        A. 4950--A                         20
     1  allegations  contested  within  that  period  shall  be  in  the  manner
     2  prescribed  in  the notice and not subject to additional penalty or fee.
     3  Such notice of impending default judgment shall not be required prior to
     4  the  rendering  and entry thereof in the case of operators or owners who
     5  are non-residents of the state of New York. In no case shall  a  default
     6  judgment  be  rendered or, where required, a notice of impending default
     7  judgment be sent, more than two years after the expiration of  the  time
     8  prescribed  for  entering  a  plea  or  contesting an allegation. When a
     9  person has demanded a hearing, no fine or penalty shall be  imposed  for
    10  any reason, prior to the holding of the hearing. If the hearing examiner
    11  shall  make  a  determination on the charges, sustaining them, he or she
    12  shall impose no greater penalty or fine than those upon which the person
    13  was originally charged.
    14    § 7-b. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and  traffic
    15  law,  as  amended by section 7-b of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, are
    16  amended to read as follows:
    17    1. The hearing examiner shall make a  determination  on  the  charges,
    18  either  sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner deter-
    19  mines that the charges have been sustained he or  she  may  examine  the
    20  prior parking violations record or the record of liabilities incurred in
    21  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter of the
    22  person charged, or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with
    23  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter  of  the  person
    24  charged,  or  the  record  of  liabilities  incurred  in accordance with
    25  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter of the  person  charged,
    26  or  the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with section eleven
    27  hundred eleven-c of this chapter, or the record of liabilities  incurred
    28  in  accordance  with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, as
    29  applicable, prior to rendering a  final  determination.  Final  determi-
    30  nations  sustaining  or  dismissing  charges shall be entered on a final
    31  determination roll maintained by the bureau together with records  show-
    32  ing payment and nonpayment of penalties.
    33    2.  Where  an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a
    34  parking violation or contest an allegation of  liability  in  accordance
    35  with  section  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or contest
    36  an allegation of liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    37  eleven-e  of  this  chapter,  or  contest  an allegation of liability in
    38  accordance with section eleven hundred  eleven-d  of  this  chapter,  or
    39  fails  to  contest an allegation of liability in accordance with section
    40  eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter, or fails to contest an  allega-
    41  tion  of  liability  incurred  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    42  eighty-b of this chapter, or fails to appear  on  a  designated  hearing
    43  date  or  subsequent  adjourned  date or fails after a hearing to comply
    44  with the determination of a hearing  examiner,  as  prescribed  by  this
    45  article  or  by rule or regulation of the bureau, such failure to plead,
    46  appear or comply shall be deemed, for  all  purposes,  an  admission  of
    47  liability  and  shall  be  grounds  for rendering and entering a default
    48  judgment in an amount provided by  the  rules  and  regulations  of  the
    49  bureau.  However,  after  the expiration of the original date prescribed
    50  for entering a plea and before a default judgment may  be  rendered,  in
    51  such  case the bureau shall pursuant to the applicable provisions of law
    52  notify such operator or owner, by such form of first class mail  as  the
    53  commission  may  direct;  (1)  of the violation charged, or liability in
    54  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter,
    55  or  liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this
    56  chapter, or liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d

        A. 4950--A                         21
     1  of this chapter, or alleged liability in accordance with section  eleven
     2  hundred eleven-c of this chapter or alleged liability in accordance with
     3  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b of this chapter, (2) of the impending
     4  default  judgment,  (3)  that such judgment will be entered in the Civil
     5  Court of the city in which the bureau has  been  established,  or  other
     6  court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of
     7  civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may
     8  be  avoided  by entering a plea or contesting an allegation of liability
     9  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    10  or contesting an allegation of  liability  in  accordance  with  section
    11  eleven  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter or contesting an allegation of
    12  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-d  of  this
    13  chapter  or  contesting  an  allegation  of liability in accordance with
    14  section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or contesting an allega-
    15  tion of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b  of
    16  this  chapter  or making an appearance within thirty days of the sending
    17  of such notice. Pleas entered within that period shall be in the  manner
    18  prescribed  in  the notice and not subject to additional penalty or fee.
    19  Such notice of impending default judgment shall not be required prior to
    20  the rendering and entry thereof in the case of operators or  owners  who
    21  are  non-residents  of the state of New York. In no case shall a default
    22  judgment be rendered or, where required, a notice of  impending  default
    23  judgment  be  sent, more than two years after the expiration of the time
    24  prescribed for entering a plea.  When a person has demanded  a  hearing,
    25  no fine or penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to the holding
    26  of  the  hearing.  If the hearing examiner shall make a determination on
    27  the charges, sustaining them, he or she shall impose no greater  penalty
    28  or fine than those upon which the person was originally charged.
    29    §  7-c. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic
    30  law, as amended by section 7-c of chapter 222 of the laws of  2015,  are
    31  amended to read as follows:
    32    1.  The  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges,
    33  either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner  deter-
    34  mines  that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine either
    35  the prior  parking  violations  record  or  the  record  of  liabilities
    36  incurred  in  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-d of this
    37  chapter of the person charged, or the record of liabilities incurred  in
    38  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter of
    39  the  person charged, or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance
    40  with section eleven hundred eleven-e  of  this  chapter  of  the  person
    41  charged or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with section
    42  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, as applicable, prior to render-
    43  ing a final determination. Final determinations sustaining or dismissing
    44  charges shall be entered on a final determination roll maintained by the
    45  bureau  together  with  records showing payment and nonpayment of penal-
    46  ties.
    47    2. Where an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge  of  a
    48  parking  violation  or  contest an allegation of liability in accordance
    49  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,  or  contest
    50  an  allegation  of  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    51  eleven-e of this chapter  or  contest  an  allegation  of  liability  in
    52  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or fails
    53  to  contest  an  allegation  of  liability  incurred  in accordance with
    54  section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter or fails to appear on  a
    55  designated  hearing  date  or subsequent adjourned date or fails after a
    56  hearing to comply with the  determination  of  a  hearing  examiner,  as

        A. 4950--A                         22
     1  prescribed  by this article or by rule or regulation of the bureau, such
     2  failure to plead, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all purposes, an
     3  admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering and entering a
     4  default  judgment  in an amount provided by the rules and regulations of
     5  the  bureau.  However,  after  the  expiration  of  the  original   date
     6  prescribed  for  entering  a  plea  and before a default judgment may be
     7  rendered, in such case the  bureau  shall  pursuant  to  the  applicable
     8  provisions  of  law notify such operator or owner, by such form of first
     9  class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation charged or
    10  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of
    11  this  chapter  or  liability  in  accordance with section eleven hundred
    12  eleven-e of this chapter or liability in accordance with section  eleven
    13  hundred eleven-d of this chapter or liability in accordance with section
    14  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of this chapter alleged, (2) of the impending
    15  default judgment, (3) that such judgment will be entered  in  the  Civil
    16  Court  of  the  city  in which the bureau has been established, or other
    17  court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of
    18  civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may
    19  be avoided by entering a plea or contesting an allegation  of  liability
    20  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    21  or  contesting  an  allegation  of  liability in accordance with section
    22  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or contesting an  allegation  of
    23  liability  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this
    24  chapter or contesting an allegation  of  liability  in  accordance  with
    25  section  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter or making an appearance
    26  within thirty days of the sending of such notice. Pleas  entered  within
    27  that  period  shall  be  in  the manner prescribed in the notice and not
    28  subject to additional penalty or fee. Such notice of  impending  default
    29  judgment  shall not be required prior to the rendering and entry thereof
    30  in the case of operators or owners who are non-residents of the state of
    31  New York. In no case shall a default  judgment  be  rendered  or,  where
    32  required,  a notice of impending default judgment be sent, more than two
    33  years after the expiration of the time prescribed for entering  a  plea.
    34  When  a  person  has  demanded  a  hearing,  no fine or penalty shall be
    35  imposed for any reason, prior to the holding  of  the  hearing.  If  the
    36  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges, sustaining
    37  them, he shall impose no greater penalty or fine than those  upon  which
    38  the person was originally charged.
    39    §  7-d. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic
    40  law, as amended by section 7-d of chapter 222 of the laws of  2015,  are
    41  amended to read as follows:
    42    1.  The  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges,
    43  either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner  deter-
    44  mines  that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine either
    45  the prior  parking  violations  record  or  the  record  of  liabilities
    46  incurred  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of
    47  this chapter of the person charged or the record of liabilities incurred
    48  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of  this  chapter  of
    49  the  person  charged or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance
    50  with section eleven hundred eleven-d  of  this  chapter  of  the  person
    51  charged, as applicable, prior to rendering a final determination.  Final
    52  determinations  sustaining  or  dismissing charges shall be entered on a
    53  final determination roll maintained by the bureau together with  records
    54  showing payment and nonpayment of penalties.
    55    2.  Where  an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a
    56  parking violation or contest an allegation of  liability  in  accordance

        A. 4950--A                         23
     1  with  section  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or contest
     2  an allegation of liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
     3  eleven-e  of  this  chapter  or  contest  an  allegation of liability in
     4  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or fails
     5  to  appear  on a designated hearing date or subsequent adjourned date or
     6  fails after a hearing to comply with  the  determination  of  a  hearing
     7  examiner,  as prescribed by this article or by rule or regulation of the
     8  bureau, such failure to plead, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all
     9  purposes, an admission of liability and shall be grounds  for  rendering
    10  and  entering  a default judgment in an amount provided by the rules and
    11  regulations of the bureau. However, after the expiration of the original
    12  date prescribed for entering a plea and before a default judgment may be
    13  rendered, in such case the  bureau  shall  pursuant  to  the  applicable
    14  provisions  of  law notify such operator or owner, by such form of first
    15  class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation charged or
    16  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of
    17  this  chapter  or  liability  in  accordance with section eleven hundred
    18  eleven-e of this chapter alleged or liability in accordance with section
    19  eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter alleged, (2)  of  the  impending
    20  default  judgment,  (3)  that such judgment will be entered in the Civil
    21  Court of the city in which the bureau has  been  established,  or  other
    22  court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of
    23  civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may
    24  be  avoided  by entering a plea or contesting an allegation of liability
    25  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    26  or contesting an allegation of  liability  in  accordance  with  section
    27  eleven  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter or contesting an allegation of
    28  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-d  of  this
    29  chapter  or  making  an  appearance within thirty days of the sending of
    30  such notice.  Pleas entered within that period shall be  in  the  manner
    31  prescribed  in  the notice and not subject to additional penalty or fee.
    32  Such notice of impending default judgment shall not be required prior to
    33  the rendering and entry thereof in the case of operators or  owners  who
    34  are  non-residents  of the state of New York. In no case shall a default
    35  judgment be rendered or, where required, a notice of  impending  default
    36  judgment  be  sent, more than two years after the expiration of the time
    37  prescribed for entering a plea. When a person has demanded a hearing, no
    38  fine or penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to the holding of
    39  the hearing. If the hearing examiner shall make a determination  on  the
    40  charges,  sustaining  them,  he  shall impose no greater penalty or fine
    41  than those upon which the person was originally charged.
    42    § 7-e. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and  traffic
    43  law,  as  amended by section 7-e of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, are
    44  amended to read as follows:
    45    1. The hearing examiner shall make a  determination  on  the  charges,
    46  either  sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner deter-
    47  mines that the charges have been sustained he or  she  may  examine  the
    48  prior parking violations record or the record of liabilities incurred in
    49  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter of the
    50  person charged, as applicable, prior to rendering a final  determination
    51  or  the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with section eleven
    52  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter of the person charged, as  appli-
    53  cable,  prior  to rendering a final determination.  Final determinations
    54  sustaining or dismissing charges shall be entered on  a  final  determi-
    55  nation  roll  maintained  by  the  bureau  together with records showing
    56  payment and nonpayment of penalties.

        A. 4950--A                         24
     1    2. Where an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge  of  a
     2  parking  violation  or  contest an allegation of liability in accordance
     3  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,  or  contest
     4  an  allegation  of  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
     5  eleven-e of this chapter or fails to appear on a designated hearing date
     6  or subsequent adjourned date or fails after a hearing to comply with the
     7  determination of a hearing examiner, as prescribed by this article or by
     8  rule  or  regulation  of  the  bureau,  such failure to plead, appear or
     9  comply shall be deemed, for all purposes, an admission of liability  and
    10  shall  be  grounds  for  rendering and entering a default judgment in an
    11  amount provided by the rules and regulations  of  the  bureau.  However,
    12  after the expiration of the original date prescribed for entering a plea
    13  and  before  a default judgment may be rendered, in such case the bureau
    14  shall pursuant to the applicable provisions of law notify such  operator
    15  or owner, by such form of first class mail as the commission may direct;
    16  (1)  of  the  violation  charged or liability in accordance with section
    17  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter alleged or liability in  accord-
    18  ance  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, (2) of
    19  the impending default judgment, (3) that such judgment will  be  entered
    20  in the Civil Court of the city in which the bureau has been established,
    21  or other court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the
    22  entry  of  civil  judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a
    23  default may be avoided by entering a plea or contesting an allegation of
    24  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of  this
    25  chapter  or  contesting  an  allegation  of liability in accordance with
    26  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter  or  making  an
    27  appearance  within  thirty  days  of  the  sending of such notice. Pleas
    28  entered within that period shall be in  the  manner  prescribed  in  the
    29  notice  and  not  subject  to  additional penalty or fee. Such notice of
    30  impending default judgment shall not be required prior to the  rendering
    31  and  entry  thereof in the case of operators or owners who are non-resi-
    32  dents of the state of New York. In no case shall a default  judgment  be
    33  rendered  or,  where required, a notice of impending default judgment be
    34  sent, more than two years after the expiration of  the  time  prescribed
    35  for  entering  a plea.  When a person has demanded a hearing, no fine or
    36  penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to  the  holding  of  the
    37  hearing.  If  the  hearing  examiner  shall  make a determination on the
    38  charges, sustaining them, he shall impose no  greater  penalty  or  fine
    39  than those upon which the person was originally charged.
    40    §  7-f. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic
    41  law, subdivision 1 as added by chapter 715  of  the  laws  of  1972  and
    42  subdivision 2 as amended by chapter 365 of the laws of 1978, are amended
    43  to read as follows:
    44    1.  The  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges,
    45  either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner  deter-
    46  mines  that  the  charges  have been sustained he or she may examine the
    47  prior parking violations record or the record of liabilities incurred in
    48  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter of
    49  the person charged, as applicable, prior to rendering a  final  determi-
    50  nation.  Final  determinations sustaining or dismissing charges shall be
    51  entered on a final determination roll maintained by the bureau  together
    52  with records showing payment and nonpayment of penalties.
    53    2.  Where  an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a
    54  parking violation or contest an allegation of  liability  in  accordance
    55  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or fails to
    56  appear on a designated hearing date  or  subsequent  adjourned  date  or

        A. 4950--A                         25
     1  fails  after  a  hearing  to  comply with the determination of a hearing
     2  examiner, as prescribed by this article or by rule or regulation of  the
     3  bureau, such failure to plead, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all
     4  purposes,  an  admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering
     5  and entering a default judgment in an amount provided by the  rules  and
     6  regulations of the bureau. However, after the expiration of the original
     7  date prescribed for entering a plea and before a default judgment may be
     8  rendered,  in  such  case  the  bureau  shall pursuant to the applicable
     9  provisions of law notify such operator or owner, by such form  of  first
    10  class  mail  as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation charged,
    11  (2) of the impending default judgment, (3) that such  judgment  will  be
    12  entered  in  the  Civil  Court  of the city in which the bureau has been
    13  established, or other court of civil jurisdiction  or  any  other  place
    14  provided  for the entry of civil judgments within the state of New York,
    15  and (4) that a default may be avoided by entering a plea  or  making  an
    16  appearance  within  thirty  days  of  the  sending of such notice. Pleas
    17  entered within that period shall be in  the  manner  prescribed  in  the
    18  notice  and  not  subject  to  additional penalty or fee. Such notice of
    19  impending default judgment shall not be required prior to the  rendering
    20  and  entry  thereof in the case of operators or owners who are non-resi-
    21  dents of the state of New York. In no case shall a default  judgment  be
    22  rendered  or,  where required, a notice of impending default judgment be
    23  sent, more than two years after the expiration of  the  time  prescribed
    24  for  entering  a  plea. When a person has demanded a hearing, no fine or
    25  penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to  the  holding  of  the
    26  hearing.  If  the  hearing  examiner  shall  make a determination on the
    27  charges, sustaining them, he shall impose no  greater  penalty  or  fine
    28  than those upon which the person was originally charged.
    29    § 8. Subparagraph (i) of paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401
    30  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 8 of chapter 222
    31  of the laws of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
    32    (i) If at the time of application for a registration or renewal there-
    33  of there is a certification from a  court,  parking  violations  bureau,
    34  traffic  and  parking  violations  agency  or administrative tribunal of
    35  appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or  his  or  her  represen-
    36  tative  failed  to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned
    37  date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of  an  adminis-
    38  trative  tribunal  following  entry of a final decision in response to a
    39  total of three or more summonses or  other  process  in  the  aggregate,
    40  issued  within  an eighteen month period, charging either that: (i) such
    41  motor vehicle was parked, stopped or standing, or that such motor  vehi-
    42  cle  was operated for hire by the registrant or his or her agent without
    43  being licensed as a motor vehicle for  hire  by  the  appropriate  local
    44  authority,  in  violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or of
    45  any law, ordinance, rule or regulation made by  a  local  authority;  or
    46  (ii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred
    47  eleven-a,  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-b  or section eleven hundred
    48  eleven-d of this chapter for a violation of subdivision (d)  of  section
    49  eleven  hundred  eleven  of  this  chapter;  or (iii) the registrant was
    50  liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this  chap-
    51  ter  for  a  violation  of  a  bus  lane  restriction as defined in such
    52  section, or (iv) the registrant was liable in  accordance  with  section
    53  eleven  hundred  eighty-b of this chapter for a violation of subdivision
    54  (c) or (d) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter, or (v)  the
    55  registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c
    56  of  this  chapter  for  a violation of subdivision (c) or (d) of section

        A. 4950--A                         26
     1  eleven hundred eighty of this chapter; or (vi) the registrant was liable
     2  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter for a
     3  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
     4  chapter;  or  (vii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section
     5  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter for a violation of section
     6  eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter, the commissioner or his  or
     7  her  agent  shall deny the registration or renewal application until the
     8  applicant provides proof from the court, traffic and parking  violations
     9  agency  or  administrative tribunal wherein the charges are pending that
    10  an appearance or answer has been made or in the case of  an  administra-
    11  tive tribunal that he or she has complied with the rules and regulations
    12  of  said tribunal following entry of a final decision. Where an applica-
    13  tion is denied pursuant to this section, the commissioner may, in his or
    14  her discretion, deny a registration or renewal application to any  other
    15  person  for  the  same  vehicle  and  may deny a registration or renewal
    16  application for any other motor vehicle registered in the  name  of  the
    17  applicant  where  the commissioner has determined that such registrant's
    18  intent has been to evade the purposes of this subdivision and where  the
    19  commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that such registration or
    20  renewal  will have the effect of defeating the purposes of this subdivi-
    21  sion. Such denial shall only remain in effect as long as  the  summonses
    22  remain  unanswered,  or  in  the case of an administrative tribunal, the
    23  registrant fails to comply with  the  rules  and  regulations  following
    24  entry of a final decision.
    25    §  8-a.  Paragraph  a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle
    26  and traffic law, as amended by section 8-a of chapter 222 of the laws of
    27  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    28    a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof
    29  there is a certification from a  court  or  administrative  tribunal  of
    30  appropriate  jurisdiction  that  the  registrant or his or her represen-
    31  tative failed to appear on the return date or any  subsequent  adjourned
    32  date  or  failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an adminis-
    33  trative tribunal following entry of a final decision in  response  to  a
    34  total  of  three  or  more  summonses or other process in the aggregate,
    35  issued within an eighteen month period, charging either that:  (i)  such
    36  motor  vehicle was parked, stopped or standing, or that such motor vehi-
    37  cle was operated for hire by the registrant or his or her agent  without
    38  being  licensed  as  a  motor  vehicle for hire by the appropriate local
    39  authority, in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter  or  of
    40  any  law,  ordinance,  rule  or regulation made by a local authority; or
    41  (ii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred
    42  eleven-b of this chapter for a violation of subdivision (d)  of  section
    43  eleven  hundred  eleven  of  this  chapter;  or (iii) the registrant was
    44  liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this  chap-
    45  ter  for  a  violation  of  a  bus  lane  restriction as defined in such
    46  section; or (iv) the registrant was liable in  accordance  with  section
    47  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter for a violation of subdivision
    48  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter or (v)  the  regis-
    49  trant  was  liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of
    50  this chapter for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of
    51  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter; or (v) the registrant was
    52  liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of this  chap-
    53  ter  for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section
    54  eleven hundred eighty of this chapter; or (vi) the registrant was liable
    55  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter for a
    56  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this

        A. 4950--A                         27
     1  chapter;  or  (vii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section
     2  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter for a violation of section
     3  eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter, the commissioner or his  or
     4  her  agent  shall deny the registration or renewal application until the
     5  applicant provides proof from the court or administrative tribunal wher-
     6  ein the charges are pending that an appearance or answer has  been  made
     7  or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he or she has complied
     8  with  the  rules  and  regulations of said tribunal following entry of a
     9  final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section,
    10  the commissioner may, in his or her discretion, deny a  registration  or
    11  renewal  application  to  any  other person for the same vehicle and may
    12  deny a registration or renewal application for any other  motor  vehicle
    13  registered  in  the  name  of  the  applicant where the commissioner has
    14  determined that such registrant's intent has been to evade the  purposes
    15  of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to
    16  believe  that  such  registration  or  renewal  will  have the effect of
    17  defeating the purposes of  this  subdivision.  Such  denial  shall  only
    18  remain  in  effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or in the
    19  case of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply  with
    20  the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision.
    21    §  8-b.  Paragraph  a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle
    22  and traffic law, as amended by section 8-b of chapter 222 of the laws of
    23  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    24    a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof
    25  there is a certification from a  court  or  administrative  tribunal  of
    26  appropriate  jurisdiction  that  the  registrant or his or her represen-
    27  tative failed to appear on the return date or any  subsequent  adjourned
    28  date  or  failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an adminis-
    29  trative tribunal following entry of a  final  decision  in  response  to
    30  three  or  more  summonses  or  other process, issued within an eighteen
    31  month period, charging that: (i) such motor vehicle was parked,  stopped
    32  or  standing,  or  that  such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the
    33  registrant or his or her agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle
    34  for hire by the appropriate local authority, in violation of any of  the
    35  provisions  of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation
    36  made by a local authority; or (ii) the registrant was liable in  accord-
    37  ance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  for a
    38  violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section; or (iii)
    39  the registrant was liable in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    40  eleven-d  of  this chapter for a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    41  eleven hundred eleven of this chapter; or (iv) the registrant was liable
    42  in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter for a
    43  violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or  (g)  of  section  eleven
    44  hundred  eighty of this chapter, or the registrant was liable in accord-
    45  ance with  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-c  of  this  chapter  for  a
    46  violation  of  subdivision  (b),  (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven
    47  hundred eighty of this chapter; or (v)  the  registrant  was  liable  in
    48  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter for a
    49  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    50  chapter;  or  (vii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section
    51  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter for a violation of section
    52  eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter, the commissioner or his  or
    53  her  agent  shall deny the registration or renewal application until the
    54  applicant provides proof from the court or administrative tribunal wher-
    55  ein the charges are pending that an appearance or answer has  been  made
    56  or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he or she has complied

        A. 4950--A                         28
     1  with  the  rules  and  regulations of said tribunal following entry of a
     2  final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section,
     3  the commissioner may, in his or her discretion, deny a  registration  or
     4  renewal  application  to  any  other person for the same vehicle and may
     5  deny a registration or renewal application for any other  motor  vehicle
     6  registered  in  the  name  of  the  applicant where the commissioner has
     7  determined that such registrant's intent has been to evade the  purposes
     8  of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to
     9  believe  that  such  registration  or  renewal  will  have the effect of
    10  defeating the purposes of  this  subdivision.  Such  denial  shall  only
    11  remain  in  effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or in the
    12  case of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply  with
    13  the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision.
    14    §  8-c.  Paragraph  a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle
    15  and traffic law, as amended by section 8-c of chapter 222 of the laws of
    16  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    17    a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof
    18  there is a certification from a  court  or  administrative  tribunal  of
    19  appropriate  jurisdiction  that  the  registrant or his or her represen-
    20  tative failed to appear on the return date or any  subsequent  adjourned
    21  date  or  failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an adminis-
    22  trative tribunal following entry of a  final  decision  in  response  to
    23  three  or  more  summonses  or  other process, issued within an eighteen
    24  month period, charging that: (i) such motor vehicle was parked,  stopped
    25  or  standing,  or  that  such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the
    26  registrant or his or her agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle
    27  for hire by the appropriate local authority, in violation of any of  the
    28  provisions  of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation
    29  made by a local authority; or (ii) the registrant was liable in  accord-
    30  ance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d  of  this  chapter  for a
    31  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    32  chapter;  or  (iii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section
    33  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter for  violations  of  subdivision
    34  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    35  ter,  or  the  registrant  was  liable in accordance with section eleven
    36  hundred eighty-c of this chapter for violations of subdivision (b), (c),
    37  (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty  of  this  chapter;  or
    38  (iv) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred
    39  eleven-e  of  this chapter for a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    40  eleven hundred eleven of this chapter; or (v) the registrant was  liable
    41  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    42  for  a violation of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter,
    43  the commissioner or his or her agent  shall  deny  the  registration  or
    44  renewal application until the applicant provides proof from the court or
    45  administrative  tribunal wherein the charges are pending that an appear-
    46  ance or answer has been made or in the case of an administrative  tribu-
    47  nal  that  he or she has complied with the rules and regulations of said
    48  tribunal following entry of a final decision. Where  an  application  is
    49  denied  pursuant  to  this  section, the commissioner may, in his or her
    50  discretion, deny a registration or  renewal  application  to  any  other
    51  person  for  the  same  vehicle  and  may deny a registration or renewal
    52  application for any other motor vehicle registered in the  name  of  the
    53  applicant  where  the commissioner has determined that such registrant's
    54  intent has been to evade the purposes of this subdivision and where  the
    55  commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that such registration or
    56  renewal  will have the effect of defeating the purposes of this subdivi-

        A. 4950--A                         29
     1  sion. Such denial shall only remain in effect as long as  the  summonses
     2  remain  unanswered,  or  in  the case of an administrative tribunal, the
     3  registrant fails to comply with  the  rules  and  regulations  following
     4  entry of a final decision.
     5    §  8-d.  Paragraph  a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle
     6  and traffic law, as amended by section 8-d of chapter 222 of the laws of
     7  2015, is amended to read as follows:
     8    a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof
     9  there is a certification from a  court  or  administrative  tribunal  of
    10  appropriate  jurisdiction  that  the  registrant or his or her represen-
    11  tative failed to appear on the return date or any  subsequent  adjourned
    12  date  or  failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an adminis-
    13  trative tribunal following entry of a  final  decision  in  response  to
    14  three  or  more  summonses  or  other process, issued within an eighteen
    15  month period, charging that such motor vehicle was  parked,  stopped  or
    16  standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the regis-
    17  trant or his agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle for hire by
    18  the  appropriate  local authority, in violation of any of the provisions
    19  of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation made  by  a
    20  local authority, or the registrant was liable in accordance with section
    21  eleven  hundred  eighty-c  of this chapter for violations of subdivision
    22  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    23  ter, or the registrant was liable  in  accordance  with  section  eleven
    24  hundred  eleven-d  of this chapter for a violation of subdivision (d) of
    25  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter,  or  the  registrant  was
    26  liable  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
    27  ter for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven
    28  of this chapter, or the registrant was liable in accordance with section
    29  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter for a violation of section
    30  eleven  hundred seventy-four of this chapter, the commissioner or his or
    31  her agent shall deny the registration or renewal application  until  the
    32  applicant provides proof from the court or administrative tribunal wher-
    33  ein  the  charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made
    34  or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he or she has complied
    35  with the rules and regulations of said tribunal  following  entry  of  a
    36  final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section,
    37  the  commissioner  may, in his or her discretion, deny a registration or
    38  renewal application to any other person for the  same  vehicle  and  may
    39  deny  a  registration or renewal application for any other motor vehicle
    40  registered in the name of  the  applicant  where  the  commissioner  has
    41  determined  that such registrant's intent has been to evade the purposes
    42  of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to
    43  believe that such registration  or  renewal  will  have  the  effect  of
    44  defeating  the  purposes  of  this  subdivision.  Such denial shall only
    45  remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or  in  the
    46  case  of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply with
    47  the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision.
    48    § 8-e. Paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401  of  the  vehicle
    49  and traffic law, as amended by section 8-e of chapter 222 of the laws of
    50  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    51    a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof
    52  there  is  a  certification  from  a court or administrative tribunal of
    53  appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or  his  or  her  represen-
    54  tative  failed  to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned
    55  date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of  an  adminis-
    56  trative  tribunal  following  entry  of  a final decision in response to

        A. 4950--A                         30
     1  three or more summonses or other  process,  issued  within  an  eighteen
     2  month  period,  charging  that such motor vehicle was parked, stopped or
     3  standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the regis-
     4  trant  or his or her agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle for
     5  hire by the appropriate local authority, in  violation  of  any  of  the
     6  provisions  of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation
     7  made by a local authority, or the registrant was  liable  in  accordance
     8  with  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter for a violation of
     9  subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter, or the
    10  registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e
    11  of this chapter for a violation of subdivision  (d)  of  section  eleven
    12  hundred  eleven of this chapter, or the registrant was liable in accord-
    13  ance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this  chapter  for  a
    14  violation  of  section  eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter, the
    15  commissioner or his or her agent shall deny the registration or  renewal
    16  application  until the applicant provides proof from the court or admin-
    17  istrative tribunal wherein the charges are pending that an appearance or
    18  answer has been made or in the case of an administrative  tribunal  that
    19  he  has complied with the rules and regulations of said tribunal follow-
    20  ing entry of a final decision.  Where an application is denied  pursuant
    21  to  this section, the commissioner may, in his or her discretion, deny a
    22  registration or renewal application to any other  person  for  the  same
    23  vehicle and may deny a registration or renewal application for any other
    24  motor  vehicle registered in the name of the applicant where the commis-
    25  sioner has determined that such registrant's intent has  been  to  evade
    26  the  purposes of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reason-
    27  able grounds to believe that such registration or renewal will have  the
    28  effect  of defeating the purposes of this subdivision. Such denial shall
    29  only remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or  in
    30  the  case  of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply
    31  with the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision.
    32    § 8-f. Paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401  of  the  vehicle
    33  and traffic law, as amended by section 8-f of chapter 222 of the laws of
    34  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    35    a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof
    36  there  is  a  certification  from  a court or administrative tribunal of
    37  appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or  his  or  her  represen-
    38  tative  failed  to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned
    39  date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of  an  adminis-
    40  trative  tribunal  following  entry  of  a final decision in response to
    41  three or more summonses or other  process,  issued  within  an  eighteen
    42  month  period,  charging  that such motor vehicle was parked, stopped or
    43  standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the regis-
    44  trant or his or her agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle  for
    45  hire  by  the  appropriate  local  authority, in violation of any of the
    46  provisions of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or  regulation
    47  made  by  a  local authority, or the registrant was liable in accordance
    48  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter for a violation  of
    49  subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter, or the
    50  registrant  was  liable in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    51  ty-four-a of this chapter for a  violation  of  section  eleven  hundred
    52  seventy-four of this chapter, the commissioner or his or her agent shall
    53  deny  the  registration  or  renewal  application  until  the  applicant
    54  provides proof from the court or  administrative  tribunal  wherein  the
    55  charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made or in the
    56  case  of  an administrative tribunal that he has complied with the rules

        A. 4950--A                         31
     1  and regulations of said tribunal following entry of  a  final  decision.
     2  Where an application is denied pursuant to this section, the commission-
     3  er  may, in his or her discretion, deny a registration or renewal appli-
     4  cation to any other person for the same vehicle and may deny a registra-
     5  tion  or  renewal  application for any other motor vehicle registered in
     6  the name of the applicant where the  commissioner  has  determined  that
     7  such registrant's intent has been to evade the purposes of this subdivi-
     8  sion  and  where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that
     9  such registration or renewal will  have  the  effect  of  defeating  the
    10  purposes of this subdivision. Such denial shall only remain in effect as
    11  long  as  the summonses remain unanswered, or in the case of an adminis-
    12  trative tribunal, the registrant fails to  comply  with  the  rules  and
    13  regulations following entry of a final decision.
    14    §  8-g.  Paragraph  a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle
    15  and traffic law, as separately amended by chapters 339 and  592  of  the
    16  laws of 1987, is amended to read as follows:
    17    a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof
    18  there  is  a  certification  from  a court or administrative tribunal of
    19  appropriate jurisdiction  that  the  registrant  or  his  representative
    20  failed  to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned date or
    21  failed to comply with the rules and  regulations  of  an  administrative
    22  tribunal  following  entry  of  a final decision in response to three or
    23  more summonses or other process, issued within an eighteen month period,
    24  charging that such motor vehicle was parked,  stopped  or  standing,  or
    25  that  such  motor vehicle was operated for hire by the registrant or his
    26  agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle for hire by  the  appro-
    27  priate  local  authority,  in violation of any of the provisions of this
    28  chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation  made  by  a  local
    29  authority, or the registrant was liable in accordance with section elev-
    30  en  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  this chapter for a violation of section
    31  eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter,  the  commissioner  or  his
    32  agent  shall  deny  the  registration  or  renewal application until the
    33  applicant provides proof from the court or administrative tribunal wher-
    34  ein the charges are pending that an appearance or answer has  been  made
    35  or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he or she has complied
    36  with  the  rules  and  regulations of said tribunal following entry of a
    37  final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section,
    38  the commissioner may, in his discretion, deny a registration or  renewal
    39  application  to  any  other  person  for the same vehicle and may deny a
    40  registration or renewal application for any other motor  vehicle  regis-
    41  tered in the name of the applicant where the commissioner has determined
    42  that  such  registrant's  intent  has been to evade the purposes of this
    43  subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe
    44  that such registration or renewal will have the effect of defeating  the
    45  purposes of this subdivision. Such denial shall only remain in effect as
    46  long  as  the summonses remain unanswered, or in the case of an adminis-
    47  trative tribunal, the registrant fails to  comply  with  the  rules  and
    48  regulations following entry of a final decision.
    49    §  9.  The  vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a new section
    50  1174-a to read as follows:
    51    § 1174-a. Owner liability for failure of operator to stop for a school
    52  bus displaying a red visual signal and stop-arm. (a) 1.  Notwithstanding
    53  any  other  provision  of  law,  a county, city, town or village located
    54  within a school district ("district") is hereby authorized and empowered
    55  to adopt and amend a local law or ordinance establishing a demonstration
    56  program imposing monetary liability on the owner of a vehicle for  fail-

        A. 4950--A                         32
     1  ure  of an operator thereof to comply with section eleven hundred seven-
     2  ty-four of this chapter when meeting a school bus marked and equipped as
     3  provided in  subdivisions  twenty  and  twenty-one-c  of  section  three
     4  hundred  seventy-five of this chapter and operated in such county, city,
     5  town or village, in accordance with the provisions of this section. Such
     6  demonstration program shall empower such county, city, town  or  village
     7  to  install  and  operate  school bus photo violation monitoring systems
     8  which may be stationary or mobile, and which may be installed,  pursuant
     9  to an agreement with a school district within such county, city, town or
    10  village,  on  school buses owned and operated by such school district or
    11  privately owned and operated for compensation under contract  with  such
    12  district.    Provided,  however, that (a) no stationary school bus photo
    13  violation monitoring system shall be installed or operated by a  county,
    14  city,  town or village except on roadways under the jurisdiction of such
    15  county, city, town or village,  and  (b)  no  mobile  school  bus  photo
    16  violation  monitoring  system shall be installed or operated on any such
    17  school buses unless such county, city, town or village and such district
    18  enter into an agreement for such installation and operation.
    19    1-a. Any county, city,  town  or  village,  located  within  a  school
    20  district,  that  has  adopted  a local law or ordinance pursuant to this
    21  section establishing a demonstration program imposing liability  on  the
    22  owner  of  a  vehicle  for failure of an operator thereof to comply with
    23  section eleven hundred seventy-four  of  this  chapter  when  meeting  a
    24  school  bus  marked  and equipped as provided in subdivisions twenty and
    25  twenty-one-c of section three hundred seventy-five of this  chapter  and
    26  operated  in such county, city, town or village may enter into an agree-
    27  ment with the applicable school district for the  installation,  mainte-
    28  nance and use of school bus photo violation monitoring systems on school
    29  buses  pursuant to this section and section twenty-two of the chapter of
    30  the laws of two thousand nineteen which  added  this  section,  for  the
    31  proper  handling  and  custody  of  photographs, microphotographs, vide-
    32  otapes, other recorded images and data produced by such systems, and for
    33  the forwarding of such photographs, microphotographs, videotapes,  other
    34  recorded  images  and  data  to  the  applicable  county,  city, town or
    35  village. Any agreement entered into hereunder shall be approved by  each
    36  participating  county,  city,  town or village by a majority vote of the
    37  voting strength of its governing body and by resolution of the  district
    38  pursuant  to  section  sixteen  hundred  four, section seventeen hundred
    39  nine, section twenty-five hundred  three,  section  twenty-five  hundred
    40  fifty-four or section twenty-five hundred ninety-h of the education law,
    41  as  applicable.  Provided, however, that where a district has entered an
    42  agreement as provided hereunder with  a  county,  no  cities,  towns  or
    43  villages  within  the  same county may enter into, or be a party to, any
    44  agreement with such district pursuant to this section. Provided further,
    45  however, that no county shall enter an agreement with  any  city  school
    46  district  wholly contained within a city.  Nothing in this section shall
    47  be construed to prevent a county, city, town, village or district at any
    48  time to withdraw from or terminate an agreement entered pursuant to this
    49  section and section twenty-two of the chapter of the laws of 2019  which
    50  added this section.
    51    1-b.  The  total cost to the district of the installation, maintenance
    52  and use of school bus photo violation  monitoring  systems  pursuant  to
    53  this  section  shall  be  borne  entirely  by  the county, city, town or
    54  village within the district which is a party to such  agreement.  On  or
    55  before  September  first  of each year, the district shall determine and
    56  certify to each county, city, town or village with which it has  entered

        A. 4950--A                         33
     1  into  an  agreement  pursuant  to  this  section  the  total cost to the
     2  district for the school year ending  the  preceding  June  thirtieth  of
     3  installing,  maintaining and using such systems within each such county,
     4  city, town or village, respectively, for the proper handling and custody
     5  of  photographs, microphotographs, videotapes, other recorded images and
     6  data produced by such systems, and for the  forwarding  of  such  photo-
     7  graphs,  microphotographs, videotapes, other recorded images and data to
     8  the applicable county, city, town or village. On or before the following
     9  December first of each year, each such county,  city,  town  or  village
    10  shall  pay to the district such cost so certified to it on or before the
    11  preceding September first. Not later than twenty days  after  each  such
    12  payment  is  submitted  or  is due, whichever occurs first, the district
    13  shall submit to the director of the budget and the chairpersons  of  the
    14  fiscal  committees  of  the  legislature  a report for each such county,
    15  city, town and village showing the amount of costs so certified and  the
    16  amount  of  payments  so  received  or  due.  If a county, city, town or
    17  village fails to make the payment required to the district by the  twen-
    18  tieth  day  after the date such payment was due, such county, city, town
    19  or village shall no longer  be  deemed  a  signatory  to  the  agreement
    20  authorized by this section on such twentieth day and the district shall:
    21  (i) notify the director of the budget and the chairpersons of the fiscal
    22  committees  of  the  legislature  of  such occurrence within twenty-four
    23  hours of such day; and (ii) be  prohibited  from  operating  school  bus
    24  photo  violation  monitoring  systems  within such county, city, town or
    25  village. Provided, however, that any notice of liability issued prior to
    26  such date shall not be voided.
    27    2. Any image or images captured by school bus photo violation monitor-
    28  ing  systems  shall  be  inadmissible  in  any  disciplinary  proceeding
    29  convened  by  any  school district or any school bus contractor thereof,
    30  and any proceeding initiated by the department involving licensure priv-
    31  ileges of school bus operators. Any school bus photo violation  monitor-
    32  ing device mounted on a school bus shall be directed outwardly from such
    33  school  bus  to  capture  images  of  vehicles  operated in violation of
    34  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter, and images produced
    35  by such device shall not be used for any other purpose.
    36    3. (i) Any participating school  district  shall  be  prohibited  from
    37  accessing  any photographs, microphotographs, videotapes, other recorded
    38  images or data from school bus photo violation  monitoring  systems  but
    39  shall  provide,  pursuant  to  an agreement with a county, city, town or
    40  village as provided in this section, for the proper handling and custody
    41  of such photographs, microphotographs, videotapes, other recorded images
    42  and data produced by such systems, and for the forwarding of such photo-
    43  graphs, microphotographs, videotapes, other recorded images and data  to
    44  the  applicable  county, city, town or village for the purpose of deter-
    45  mining whether a motor vehicle was operated in violation of  subdivision
    46  (a)  of  section  eleven hundred seventy-four of this title and imposing
    47  monetary liability on the owner of such motor vehicle therefor.
    48    (ii) Photographs, microphotographs, videotapes, other recorded  images
    49  and data produced by school bus photo violation monitoring systems shall
    50  be destroyed (A) ninety days after the date of the alleged imposition of
    51  liability  if a notice of liability is not issued for such alleged impo-
    52  sition of liability pursuant to this section or (B) upon final  disposi-
    53  tion of a notice of liability issued pursuant to this section.
    54    4.  A  county,  city,  town  or  village  establishing a demonstration
    55  program pursuant to this section shall adopt  and  enforce  measures  to
    56  protect  the  privacy  of  drivers, passengers, pedestrians and cyclists

        A. 4950--A                         34
     1  whose identity and identifying information may be captured by  a  school
     2  bus photo violation monitoring device. Such measures shall include:
     3    (i)  utilization  of  necessary  technologies to ensure, to the extent
     4  practicable,  that  photographs  produced  by  such  school  bus   photo
     5  violation  monitoring systems shall not include images that identify the
     6  driver, the passengers, the contents of  the  vehicle,  pedestrians  and
     7  cyclists. Provided, however, that no notice of liability issued pursuant
     8  to this section shall be dismissed solely because a photograph or photo-
     9  graphs  allow  for  the  identification  of  the  contents of a vehicle,
    10  provided that such county, city, town or village has made  a  reasonable
    11  effort to comply with the provisions of this paragraph;
    12    (ii)  a  prohibition  on the use or dissemination of vehicles' license
    13  plate information and other information and images  captured  by  school
    14  bus photo violation monitoring systems except: (A) as required to estab-
    15  lish  liability  under this section or collect payment of penalties; (B)
    16  as required by court order; or (C) as otherwise required by law;
    17    (iii) the installation of signage in conformance with standards estab-
    18  lished in the MUTCD at each roadway entrance of the jurisdictional boun-
    19  daries of such county, city, town or village giving notice  that  school
    20  bus  photo violation monitoring systems are used to enforce restrictions
    21  on vehicles violating section eleven hundred seventy-four of this  chap-
    22  ter.  For  the  purposes of this paragraph, the term "roadway" shall not
    23  include state expressway routes or state interstate routes; and
    24    (iv) oversight procedures to ensure compliance with the aforementioned
    25  privacy protection measures.
    26    (b) In any such county, city, town or  village  which  has  adopted  a
    27  local  law or ordinance pursuant to subdivision (a) of this section, the
    28  owner of a vehicle shall be liable for a  penalty  imposed  pursuant  to
    29  this section if such vehicle was used or operated with the permission of
    30  the  owner,  express  or  implied,  in  violation  of subdivision (a) of
    31  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article, and such  violation
    32  is  evidenced  by information obtained from a school bus photo violation
    33  monitoring system; provided however that no owner of a vehicle shall  be
    34  liable for a penalty imposed pursuant to this section where the operator
    35  of such vehicle has been convicted of the underlying violation of subdi-
    36  vision (a) of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article.
    37    (c)  For  purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the
    38  following meanings: "county" shall have the meaning provided in  section
    39  three  of  the  county  law, except that such term shall not include any
    40  county wholly contained  within  a  city;  "manual  on  uniform  traffic
    41  control devices" or "MUTCD" shall mean the manual and specifications for
    42  a  uniform  system  of traffic control devices maintained by the commis-
    43  sioner of transportation pursuant to section sixteen hundred  eighty  of
    44  this  chapter;  "owner" shall have the meaning provided in article two-B
    45  of this chapter; and "school  bus  photo  violation  monitoring  system"
    46  shall  mean  a  device  that is capable of operating independently of an
    47  enforcement officer which is installed to work  in  conjunction  with  a
    48  school  bus stop-arm and which automatically produces two or more photo-
    49  graphs, two or more microphotographs,  a  videotape  or  other  recorded
    50  images  of  a vehicle at the time it is used or operated in violation of
    51  subdivision (a) of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article.
    52    (d) A certificate, sworn to or affirmed by a  technician  employed  by
    53  the  county,  city,  town  or  village  in  which  the charged violation
    54  occurred, or a facsimile thereof, based upon inspection of  photographs,
    55  microphotographs,  videotape  or  other  recorded  images  produced by a
    56  school bus photo violation  monitoring  system,  shall  be  prima  facie

        A. 4950--A                         35
     1  evidence  of  the facts contained therein.  Any photographs, microphoto-
     2  graphs, videotape or other recorded images evidencing such  a  violation
     3  shall  be  available  for inspection in any proceeding to adjudicate the
     4  liability  for  such  violation  pursuant  to  a  local law or ordinance
     5  adopted pursuant to this section.
     6    (e) An owner liable for a violation  of  subdivision  (a)  of  section
     7  eleven  hundred  seventy-four of this article pursuant to a local law or
     8  ordinance adopted pursuant to this section shall be liable for  monetary
     9  penalties in accordance with a schedule of fines and penalties to be set
    10  forth in such local law or ordinance, except that if a city by local law
    11  has  authorized  the  adjudication  of such owner liability by a parking
    12  violations bureau, such schedule shall be promulgated  by  such  bureau.
    13  The liability of the owner pursuant to this section shall be two hundred
    14  fifty dollars for each violation; provided, however, that such local law
    15  or  ordinance  may  provide  for  an additional penalty not in excess of
    16  twenty-five dollars for each violation for the failure to respond  to  a
    17  notice of liability within the prescribed time period.
    18    (f)  An imposition of liability under a local law or ordinance adopted
    19  pursuant to this section shall not be deemed a conviction as an operator
    20  and shall not be made part of the operating record of  the  person  upon
    21  whom  such  liability  is  imposed  nor  shall  it be used for insurance
    22  purposes in the provision of motor vehicle insurance coverage.
    23    (g) 1. A notice of liability shall be sent by first class mail to each
    24  person alleged to be liable as an owner for a violation  of  subdivision
    25  (a)  of  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article pursuant to
    26  this section. Personal delivery on the owner shall not  be  required.  A
    27  manual or automatic record of mailing prepared in the ordinary course of
    28  business shall be prima facie evidence of the facts contained therein.
    29    2.  A  notice  of  liability shall contain the name and address of the
    30  person alleged to be liable as an owner for a violation  of  subdivision
    31  (a)  of  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article pursuant to
    32  this section, the registration number of the vehicle  involved  in  such
    33  violation,  the  location  where such violation took place, the date and
    34  time of such violation and the identification number of the camera which
    35  recorded the violation or other document locator number.
    36    3. The notice of liability  shall  contain  information  advising  the
    37  person charged of the manner and the time in which he or she may contest
    38  the liability alleged in the notice. Such notice of liability shall also
    39  contain  a warning to advise the persons charged that failure to contest
    40  in the manner and time provided shall be deemed an admission of  liabil-
    41  ity and that a default judgment may be entered thereon.
    42    4. The notice of liability shall be prepared and mailed by the county,
    43  city,  town  or village in which the violation occurred, or by any other
    44  entity authorized by such county, city, town or village to  prepare  and
    45  mail such notification of violation.
    46    (h)  Adjudication of the liability imposed upon owners by this section
    47  shall be by a traffic violations bureau established pursuant to  section
    48  three  hundred  seventy of the general municipal law where the violation
    49  occurred or, if there be none, by the  court  having  jurisdiction  over
    50  traffic  infractions where the violation occurred, except that if a city
    51  has  established  an  administrative  tribunal  to  hear  and  determine
    52  complaints  of  traffic  infractions  constituting  parking, standing or
    53  stopping violations such city may, by local law, authorize such  adjudi-
    54  cation by such tribunal.
    55    (i)  If  an  owner  receives  a  notice  of liability pursuant to this
    56  section for any time period during which the vehicle was reported to the

        A. 4950--A                         36
     1  police as having been stolen, it shall be a valid defense to an  allega-
     2  tion  of  liability for a violation of subdivision (a) of section eleven
     3  hundred seventy-four of this article pursuant to this section  that  the
     4  vehicle  had been reported to the police as stolen prior to the time the
     5  violation occurred and had  not  been  recovered  by  such  time.    For
     6  purposes  of asserting the defense provided by this subdivision it shall
     7  be sufficient that a certified copy of the police report on  the  stolen
     8  vehicle  be  sent  by first class mail to the traffic violations bureau,
     9  court having jurisdiction or parking violations bureau.
    10    (j) 1. In such county, city, town or village where the adjudication of
    11  liability imposed upon owners pursuant to this section is by  a  traffic
    12  violations  bureau  or  a  court  having jurisdiction, an owner who is a
    13  lessor of a vehicle to which a notice of liability was  issued  pursuant
    14  to subdivision (g) of this section shall not be liable for the violation
    15  of  subdivision (a) of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this arti-
    16  cle, provided that he or she sends to the traffic violations  bureau  or
    17  court  having  jurisdiction  a  copy  of the rental, lease or other such
    18  contract document covering such vehicle on the date  of  the  violation,
    19  with  the name and address of the lessee clearly legible, within thirty-
    20  seven days after receiving notice from the bureau or court of  the  date
    21  and  time  of  such  violation,  together  with  the  other  information
    22  contained in the original notice of liability.   Failure  to  send  such
    23  information  within  such  thirty-seven day time period shall render the
    24  owner liable for the penalty  prescribed  by  this  section.  Where  the
    25  lessor  complies  with  the  provisions of this paragraph, the lessee of
    26  such vehicle on the date of such violation shall be  deemed  to  be  the
    27  owner  of such vehicle for purposes of this section, shall be subject to
    28  liability for the violation of subdivision (a) of section eleven hundred
    29  seventy-four of this article pursuant to this section and shall be  sent
    30  a notice of liability pursuant to subdivision (g) of this section.
    31    2.  (i) In a city which, by local law, has authorized the adjudication
    32  of liability imposed upon owners by this section by a parking violations
    33  bureau, an owner who is a lessor of a  vehicle  to  which  a  notice  of
    34  liability  was  issued pursuant to subdivision (g) of this section shall
    35  not be liable for the violation of subdivision  (a)  of  section  eleven
    36  hundred seventy-four of this article, provided that:
    37    (A)  prior  to  the violation, the lessor has filed with the bureau in
    38  accordance with the provisions of section  two  hundred  thirty-nine  of
    39  this chapter; and
    40    (B) within thirty-seven days after receiving notice from the bureau of
    41  the  date  and  time of a liability, together with the other information
    42  contained in the original notice of liability, the lessor submits to the
    43  bureau the correct name and address of the lessee of the vehicle identi-
    44  fied in the notice of liability at the time of such violation,  together
    45  with such other additional information contained in the rental, lease or
    46  other  contract  document,  as  may be reasonably required by the bureau
    47  pursuant to regulations that may be promulgated for such purpose.
    48    (ii) Failure to comply with clause (B) of  subparagraph  (i)  of  this
    49  paragraph  shall  render  the owner liable for the penalty prescribed in
    50  this section.
    51    (iii) Where the lessor complies with the provisions of this paragraph,
    52  the lessee of such vehicle on the date of such violation shall be deemed
    53  to be the owner of such vehicle for purposes of this section,  shall  be
    54  subject  to  liability  for  such violation pursuant to this section and
    55  shall be sent a notice of liability pursuant to subdivision (g) of  this
    56  section.

        A. 4950--A                         37
     1    (k)  1.  If  the  owner  liable  for a violation of subdivision (a) of
     2  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this  article  pursuant  to  this
     3  section  was  not  the  operator  of  the  vehicle  at  the  time of the
     4  violation, the owner may maintain an action for indemnification  against
     5  the operator.
     6    2.  Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, no owner of a
     7  vehicle shall be subject to a monetary fine  imposed  pursuant  to  this
     8  section if the operator of such vehicle was operating such vehicle with-
     9  out  the consent of the owner at the time such operator failed to comply
    10  with section eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter.  For  purposes
    11  of  this  subdivision  there shall be a presumption that the operator of
    12  such vehicle was operating such vehicle with the consent of the owner at
    13  the time such operator failed to  comply  with  section  eleven  hundred
    14  seventy-four of this chapter.
    15    (l)  Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the liability
    16  of an operator of a vehicle for any  violation  of  subdivision  (a)  of
    17  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article.
    18    (m)  In  any  such county, city, town or village which adopts a demon-
    19  stration program pursuant to subdivision (a) of this section, such coun-
    20  ty, city, town or village shall submit an annual report on  the  results
    21  of  the  use  of  a  school bus photo violation monitoring system to the
    22  governor, the temporary president of the senate and the speaker  of  the
    23  assembly  on or before June first, two thousand nineteen and on the same
    24  date in each succeeding year in which the demonstration program is oper-
    25  able. Such report shall include, but not be limited to:
    26    1. the number of buses and a description of the routes where  station-
    27  ary and mobile school bus photo violation monitoring systems were used;
    28    2.  the  aggregate  number, type and severity of accidents reported at
    29  locations where a school bus photo violation monitoring system  is  used
    30  for  the  year  preceding the installation of such system, to the extent
    31  the information is maintained by the department  of  motor  vehicles  of
    32  this state;
    33    3.  the  aggregate  number, type and severity of accidents reported at
    34  locations where a school bus photo violation monitoring system is  used,
    35  to  the  extent the information is maintained by the department of motor
    36  vehicles of this state;
    37    4. the number of violations recorded at each location where  a  school
    38  bus  photo violation monitoring system is used and in the aggregate on a
    39  daily, weekly and monthly basis;
    40    5. the total number of notices  of  liability  issued  for  violations
    41  recorded by such systems;
    42    6.  the number of fines and total amount of fines paid after the first
    43  notice of liability issued for violations recorded by such systems;
    44    7. the number of violations adjudicated and results  of  such  adjudi-
    45  cations   including  breakdowns  of  dispositions  made  for  violations
    46  recorded by such systems which shall be provided at  least  annually  to
    47  such county, city, town or village by the respective courts, bureaus and
    48  agencies conducting such adjudications;
    49    8.  the total amount of revenue realized by such city, town or village
    50  from such adjudications;
    51    9. the expenses incurred by such city, town or village  in  connection
    52  with the program;
    53    10.  the quality of the adjudication process and its results including
    54  the total number of hearings  scheduled,  re-scheduled,  and  held;  the
    55  total number of persons scheduled for such hearings; the total number of
    56  cases where fines were paid on or before the hearing date; and the total

        A. 4950--A                         38
     1  number  of default judgments entered. Such information shall be provided
     2  at least annually to such county, city, town or village by  the  respec-
     3  tive courts, bureaus and agencies conducting such adjudications; and
     4    11.  a  description  of  public education activities conducted to warn
     5  motorists of the dangers of overtaking and passing stopped school buses.
     6    (n) It shall be a defense to any prosecution for a violation of subdi-
     7  vision (a) of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article pursu-
     8  ant to a local law or ordinance adopted pursuant to  this  section  that
     9  such school bus stop-arms were malfunctioning at the time of the alleged
    10  violation.
    11    §  10.  The  opening  paragraph  and paragraph (c) of subdivision 1 of
    12  section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 10 of
    13  chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
    14    Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of  this
    15  state  result  in  a  conviction  for an offense under this chapter or a
    16  traffic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule
    17  or  regulation  adopted  pursuant  to this chapter, other than a traffic
    18  infraction involving standing, stopping, or  parking  or  violations  by
    19  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication of liability of
    20  an  owner  for  a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    21  eleven of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    22  eleven-a  of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of
    23  an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of  section  eleven  hundred
    24  eleven  of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred
    25  eleven-b of this chapter, or other than an  adjudication  in  accordance
    26  with  section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of
    27  a bus lane restriction as defined in such  section,  or  other  than  an
    28  adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d)
    29  of  section  eleven  hundred  eleven  of this chapter in accordance with
    30  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or other than an  adju-
    31  dication  of  liability  of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b),
    32  (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in
    33  accordance with section eleven hundred  eighty-b  of  this  chapter,  or
    34  other  than  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of
    35  subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven  hundred  eighty
    36  of  this  chapter  in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of
    37  this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for
    38  a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of  this
    39  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
    40  ter,  or  other  than  an  adjudication  of  liability of an owner for a
    41  violation of section eleven hundred  seventy-four  of  this  chapter  in
    42  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
    43  there shall be levied a crime victim  assistance  fee  and  a  mandatory
    44  surcharge,  in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in
    45  accordance with the following schedule:
    46    (c) Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a  court  of
    47  this  state  result  in  a  conviction for an offense under this chapter
    48  other than a crime pursuant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this
    49  chapter, or a traffic infraction under this chapter,  or  a  local  law,
    50  ordinance,  rule  or  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, other
    51  than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping,  or  parking  or
    52  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    53  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d)  of  section
    54  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
    55  hundred eleven-a of this chapter,  or  other  than  an  adjudication  of
    56  liability  of  an  owner  for  a violation of subdivision (d) of section

        A. 4950--A                         39
     1  eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven
     2  hundred  eleven-b  of  this  chapter,  or  other than an adjudication of
     3  liability of an owner for a violation  of  subdivision  (d)  of  section
     4  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
     5  hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or other than an  infraction  pursuant
     6  to article nine of this chapter or other than an adjudication of liabil-
     7  ity  of an owner for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant
     8  to section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public  authori-
     9  ties law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven
    10  hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty or other than
    11  an  adjudication  in  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of
    12  this chapter for a violation of a bus lane  restriction  as  defined  in
    13  such section, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for
    14  a  violation  of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven
    15  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    16  eighty-b of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability  of
    17  an  owner  for  a  violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of
    18  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section
    19  eleven hundred eighty-c of this chapter, or other than  an  adjudication
    20  of  liability  of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    21  eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven
    22  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter,  or  other than an adjudication of
    23  liability of an owner for a violation of section eleven  hundred  seven-
    24  ty-four of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    25  ty-four-a  of this chapter, there shall be levied a crime victim assist-
    26  ance fee in the amount of five dollars and  a  mandatory  surcharge,  in
    27  addition  to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of
    28  fifty-five dollars.
    29    § 10-a. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic  law,
    30  as  amended  by  section  10-a  of  chapter  222 of the laws of 2015, is
    31  amended to read as follows:
    32    1. Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or  a  court  of
    33  this  state  result  in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a
    34  traffic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule
    35  or  regulation  adopted  pursuant  to this chapter, other than a traffic
    36  infraction involving standing, stopping, parking or motor vehicle equip-
    37  ment or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an  adju-
    38  dication  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of
    39  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    40  eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or other than  an  adjudication
    41  of  liability  of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    42  eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven
    43  hundred  eleven-b  of  this  chapter,  or  other than an adjudication in
    44  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this  chapter  for  a
    45  violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, or other
    46  than  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdi-
    47  vision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter  in  accord-
    48  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or other than
    49  an  adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision
    50  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    51  ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this  chapter,
    52  or  other  than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation
    53  of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f)  or  (g)  of  section  eleven  hundred
    54  eighty  of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eight-
    55  y-c of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of  liability  of  an
    56  owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred elev-

        A. 4950--A                         40
     1  en of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of
     2  this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for
     3  a  violation  of  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter in
     4  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
     5  there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence
     6  required or permitted by law, in the amount of twenty-five dollars.
     7    § 10-b. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic  law,
     8  as  amended  by  section  10-b  of  chapter  222 of the laws of 2015, is
     9  amended to read as follows:
    10    1. Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or  a  court  of
    11  this  state  result  in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a
    12  traffic infraction under this chapter other than  a  traffic  infraction
    13  involving  standing,  stopping,  parking  or  motor vehicle equipment or
    14  violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than  an  adjudication
    15  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a
    16  violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, or other
    17  than  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdi-
    18  vision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter  in  accord-
    19  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or other than
    20  an  adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision
    21  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    22  ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this  chapter,
    23  or  other  than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation
    24  of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f)  or  (g)  of  section  eleven  hundred
    25  eighty  of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eight-
    26  y-c of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of  liability  of  an
    27  owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred elev-
    28  en of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of
    29  this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for
    30  a  violation  of  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter in
    31  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter,
    32  there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence
    33  required or permitted by law, in the amount of seventeen dollars.
    34    §  10-c. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
    35  as amended by section 10-c of chapter  222  of  the  laws  of  2015,  is
    36  amended to read as follows:
    37    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
    38  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
    39  traffic  infraction  under  this chapter other than a traffic infraction
    40  involving standing, stopping, parking  or  motor  vehicle  equipment  or
    41  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    42  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b),  (c),  (d),
    43  (f)  or  (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accord-
    44  ance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, or other than
    45  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of  subdivision
    46  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    47  ter  in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of this chapter,
    48  or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for  a  violation
    49  of  subdivision  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in
    50  accordance with section eleven hundred  eleven-d  of  this  chapter,  or
    51  other  than  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of
    52  subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this  chapter  in
    53  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter, or
    54  other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a  violation  of
    55  section  eleven  hundred seventy-four of this chapter in accordance with
    56  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,  there  shall  be

        A. 4950--A                         41
     1  levied  a  mandatory  surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or
     2  permitted by law, in the amount of seventeen dollars.
     3    §  10-d. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
     4  as amended by section 10-d of chapter  222  of  the  laws  of  2015,  is
     5  amended to read as follows:
     6    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
     7  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
     8  traffic  infraction  under  this chapter other than a traffic infraction
     9  involving standing, stopping, parking  or  motor  vehicle  equipment  or
    10  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    11  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b),  (c),  (d),
    12  (f)  or  (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accord-
    13  ance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of this chapter, or other than
    14  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of  subdivision
    15  (d)  of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with
    16  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or other than an  adju-
    17  dication  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of
    18  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    19  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or other than  an  adjudication
    20  of  liability  of  an  owner  for  a violation of section eleven hundred
    21  seventy-four of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven  hundred
    22  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter,  there  shall  be  levied a mandatory
    23  surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law,  in
    24  the amount of seventeen dollars.
    25    §  10-e. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
    26  as amended by section 10-e of chapter  222  of  the  laws  of  2015,  is
    27  amended to read as follows:
    28    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
    29  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
    30  traffic  infraction  under  this chapter other than a traffic infraction
    31  involving standing, stopping, parking  or  motor  vehicle  equipment  or
    32  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    33  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d)  of  section
    34  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
    35  hundred eleven-d of this chapter,  or  other  than  an  adjudication  of
    36  liability  of  an  owner  for  a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    37  eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven
    38  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter,  or  other than an adjudication of
    39  liability of an owner for a violation of section eleven  hundred  seven-
    40  ty-four of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    41  ty-four-a  of this chapter, there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge,
    42  in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the  amount
    43  of seventeen dollars.
    44    §  10-f. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
    45  as amended by section 10-f of chapter  222  of  the  laws  of  2015,  is
    46  amended to read as follows:
    47    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
    48  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
    49  traffic  infraction  under  this chapter other than a traffic infraction
    50  involving standing, stopping, parking  or  motor  vehicle  equipment  or
    51  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    52  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d)  of  section
    53  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
    54  hundred eleven-e of this chapter,  or  other  than  an  adjudication  of
    55  liability  of  an owner for a violation of section eleven hundred seven-
    56  ty-four of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-

        A. 4950--A                         42
     1  ty-four-a of this chapter, there shall be levied a mandatory  surcharge,
     2  in  addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount
     3  of seventeen dollars.
     4    §  10-g. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
     5  as separately amended by chapter 16 of the laws of 1983 and  chapter  62
     6  of the laws of 1989, is amended to read as follows:
     7    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
     8  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
     9  traffic  infraction  under  this chapter other than a traffic infraction
    10  involving standing, stopping, parking  or  motor  vehicle  equipment  or
    11  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    12  of liability of an owner for  a  violation  of  section  eleven  hundred
    13  seventy-four  of  this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    14  seventy-four-a of this  chapter,  there  shall  be  levied  a  mandatory
    15  surcharge,  in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in
    16  the amount of seventeen dollars.
    17    § 11. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e  of  the  vehicle
    18  and  traffic law, as amended by section 11 of chapter 222 of the laws of
    19  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    20    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    21  a court or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result  in  a
    22  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    23  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    24  fic  infraction  under  this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or
    25  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    26  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    27  bicyclists, and except an adjudication of liability of an  owner  for  a
    28  violation  of  subdivision  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this
    29  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    30  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chap-
    31  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
    32  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    33  chapter,  and  except  an  adjudication  of  liability of an owner for a
    34  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    35  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chap-
    36  ter,  and  except  an  adjudication  in  accordance  with section eleven
    37  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  of  a  violation  of  a  bus  lane
    38  restriction  as  defined  in such section, and except an adjudication of
    39  liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d),  (f)
    40  or  (g)  of  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance
    41  with section eleven hundred eighty-b of  this  chapter,  and  except  an
    42  adjudication  of  liability  of  an owner for a violation of subdivision
    43  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    44  ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of this  chapter,
    45  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of
    46  toll collection  regulations  pursuant  to  section  two  thousand  nine
    47  hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a,
    48  sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c  of  chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the
    49  laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition to any
    50  sentence, penalty or other surcharge required or permitted  by  law,  an
    51  additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    52    §  11-a. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle
    53  and traffic law, as amended by section 11-a of chapter 222 of  the  laws
    54  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
    55    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    56  a  court  or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result in a

        A. 4950--A                         43
     1  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
     2  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
     3  fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule  or
     4  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
     5  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
     6  bicyclists,  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a
     7  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
     8  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
     9  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    10  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this  chap-
    11  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    12  chapter,  and  except  an adjudication in accordance with section eleven
    13  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  of  a  violation  of  a  bus  lane
    14  restriction  as  defined  in such section, and except an adjudication of
    15  liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d),  (f)
    16  or  (g)  of  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance
    17  with section eleven hundred eighty-b of  this  chapter,  and  except  an
    18  adjudication  of  liability  of  an owner for a violation of subdivision
    19  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    20  ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of this  chapter,
    21  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of
    22  toll collection  regulations  pursuant  to  section  two  thousand  nine
    23  hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a,
    24  sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c  of  chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the
    25  laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition to any
    26  sentence, penalty or other surcharge required or permitted  by  law,  an
    27  additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    28    §  11-b. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle
    29  and traffic law, as amended by section 11-b of chapter 222 of  the  laws
    30  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
    31    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    32  a  court  or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result in a
    33  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    34  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    35  fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule  or
    36  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    37  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    38  bicyclists,  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a
    39  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    40  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    41  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    42  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this  chap-
    43  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    44  chapter,  and  except  an  adjudication  of  liability of an owner for a
    45  violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or  (g)  of  section  eleven
    46  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    47  eighty-b  of this chapter, and except an adjudication of liability of an
    48  owner for a violation of subdivision  (b),  (c),  (d),  (f)  or  (g)  of
    49  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section
    50  eleven  hundred  eighty-c of this chapter, and except an adjudication of
    51  liability of an owner for a violation  of  toll  collection  regulations
    52  pursuant  to section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public
    53  authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of  chap-
    54  ter  seven  hundred  seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty,
    55  there shall be levied in addition to  any  sentence,  penalty  or  other

        A. 4950--A                         44
     1  surcharge required or permitted by law, an additional surcharge of twen-
     2  ty-eight dollars.
     3    §  11-c. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle
     4  and traffic law, as amended by section 11-c of chapter 222 of  the  laws
     5  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
     6    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
     7  a  court  or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result in a
     8  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
     9  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    10  fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule  or
    11  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    12  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    13  bicyclists,  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a
    14  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    15  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    16  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    17  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this  chap-
    18  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    19  chapter,  and  except  an  adjudication  of  liability of an owner for a
    20  violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or  (g)  of  section  eleven
    21  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    22  eighty-c  of this chapter, and except an adjudication of liability of an
    23  owner for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to section
    24  two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities  law  or
    25  sections  sixteen-a,  sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred
    26  seventy-four of the laws of  nineteen  hundred  fifty,  there  shall  be
    27  levied  in addition to any sentence, penalty or other surcharge required
    28  or permitted by law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    29    § 11-d. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the  vehicle
    30  and  traffic  law, as amended by section 11-d of chapter 222 of the laws
    31  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
    32    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    33  a court or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result  in  a
    34  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    35  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    36  fic  infraction  under  this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or
    37  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    38  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    39  bicyclists, and except an adjudication of liability of an  owner  for  a
    40  violation  of  subdivision  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this
    41  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    42  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chap-
    43  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
    44  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    45  chapter, and except an adjudication of  liability  of  an  owner  for  a
    46  violation  of  toll collection regulations pursuant to section two thou-
    47  sand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or  sections
    48  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    49  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition
    50  to  any  sentence,  penalty  or other surcharge required or permitted by
    51  law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    52    § 11-e. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the  vehicle
    53  and  traffic  law, as amended by section 11-e of chapter 222 of the laws
    54  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
    55    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    56  a court or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result  in  a

        A. 4950--A                         45
     1  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
     2  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
     3  fic  infraction  under  this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or
     4  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
     5  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
     6  bicyclists,  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a
     7  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
     8  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
     9  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
    10  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    11  chapter, and except an adjudication of  liability  of  an  owner  for  a
    12  violation  of  toll collection regulations pursuant to section two thou-
    13  sand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or  sections
    14  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    15  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition
    16  to  any  sentence,  penalty  or other surcharge required or permitted by
    17  law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    18    § 11-f. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the  vehicle
    19  and  traffic law, as amended by section 5 of part C of chapter 55 of the
    20  laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows:
    21    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    22  a court or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result  in  a
    23  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    24  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    25  fic  infraction  under  this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or
    26  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    27  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    28  bicyclists, and except an adjudication of liability of an  owner  for  a
    29  violation  of  subdivision  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this
    30  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    31  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this
    32  chapter,  and  except  an  adjudication  of  liability of an owner for a
    33  violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to section  two  thou-
    34  sand  nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections
    35  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    36  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition
    37  to any sentence, penalty or other surcharge  required  or  permitted  by
    38  law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    39    § 12. Subdivision 3 of section 1803 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    40  amended  by chapter 679 of the laws of 1970, is amended and a new subdi-
    41  vision 10 is added to read as follows:
    42    3. All fines, penalties and  forfeitures  paid  to  a  city,  town  or
    43  village  pursuant to the provisions of paragraph a of subdivision one of
    44  this section and subdivision ten of this section shall  be  credited  to
    45  the  general  fund  of  such  city,  town or village, unless a different
    46  disposition is prescribed by charter, special law, local  law  or  ordi-
    47  nance.
    48    10.  Except as otherwise provided in paragraph e of subdivision one of
    49  this section, where a county has  established  a  demonstration  program
    50  imposing  monetary liability on the owner of a vehicle for failure of an
    51  operator thereof to comply with section eleven hundred  seventy-four  of
    52  this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of
    53  this  chapter,  any  fine or penalty collected by a court, judge, magis-
    54  trate or other officer for an imposition of liability which occurs with-
    55  in such county pursuant to such program shall be paid to the state comp-
    56  troller within the first ten days of  the  month  following  collection.

        A. 4950--A                         46
     1  Every  such payment shall be accompanied by a statement in such form and
     2  detail as the comptroller shall provide. The comptroller shall pay nine-
     3  ty percent of any such fine or penalty imposed for such liability to the
     4  county in which the violation giving rise to the liability occurred, and
     5  ten  percent of any such fine or penalty to the city, town or village in
     6  which the violation giving rise to the liability occurred.
     7    § 13. Subdivision 1 of section 371 of the general  municipal  law,  as
     8  amended  by section 12 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
     9  read as follows:
    10    1. A traffic violations bureau so established  may  be  authorized  to
    11  dispose of violations of traffic laws, ordinances, rules and regulations
    12  when  such offenses shall not constitute the traffic infraction known as
    13  speeding or a misdemeanor or felony, and, if authorized by local law  or
    14  ordinance,  to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners for violations of
    15  subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  the  vehicle  and
    16  traffic  law  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of such
    17  law or section eleven hundred eleven-b of such law as added by  sections
    18  sixteen  of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of
    19  two thousand nine which amended  this  subdivision,  or  section  eleven
    20  hundred eleven-d of such law, or section eleven hundred eleven-e of such
    21  law or section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of such law.
    22    §  13-a.  Section  371  of  the  general  municipal law, as amended by
    23  section 12-a of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to  read  as
    24  follows:
    25    §  371.  Jurisdiction  and  procedure.  A traffic violations bureau so
    26  established may be authorized to dispose of violations of traffic  laws,
    27  ordinances,  rules  and regulations when such offenses shall not consti-
    28  tute the traffic infraction known as speeding or a misdemeanor or  felo-
    29  ny,  and,  if  authorized  by  local law or ordinance, to adjudicate the
    30  liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section  eleven
    31  hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section
    32  eleven  hundred  eleven-b  of  such  law as added by sections sixteen of
    33  chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of  two  thou-
    34  sand  nine which amended this section or section eleven hundred eleven-d
    35  of such law or section eleven hundred eleven-e of such law,  or  section
    36  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  such  law,  by  permitting a person
    37  charged with an offense within the limitations herein stated, to answer,
    38  within a specified time, at the traffic  violations  bureau,  either  in
    39  person or by written power of attorney in such form as may be prescribed
    40  in  the  ordinance creating the bureau, by paying a prescribed fine and,
    41  in writing, waiving a hearing in court, pleading guilty to the charge or
    42  admitting liability as an owner for the violation of subdivision (d)  of
    43  section  eleven  hundred  eleven  of the vehicle and traffic law, as the
    44  case may be, and authorizing the person in charge of the bureau to  make
    45  such a plea or admission and pay such a fine in court. Acceptance of the
    46  prescribed  fine  and  power  of  attorney by the bureau shall be deemed
    47  complete satisfaction for the violation or of  the  liability,  and  the
    48  violator  or  owner liable for a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    49  eleven hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law shall  be  given  a
    50  receipt  which  so  states. If a person charged with a traffic violation
    51  does not answer as hereinbefore prescribed, within  a  designated  time,
    52  the  bureau  shall  cause  a  complaint to be entered against him or her
    53  forthwith and a warrant to be issued for his or her arrest  and  appear-
    54  ance  before  the  court.  Any  person  who  shall have been, within the
    55  preceding twelve months, guilty of a number  of  parking  violations  in
    56  excess  of  such maximum number as may be designated by the court, or of

        A. 4950--A                         47
     1  three or more violations other than parking  violations,  shall  not  be
     2  permitted  to appear and answer to a subsequent violation at the traffic
     3  violations bureau, but must appear in court at a time specified  by  the
     4  bureau.  Such  traffic  violations  bureau  shall  not  be authorized to
     5  deprive a person of his or her right to counsel or to prevent him or her
     6  from exercising his or her right  to  appear  in  court  to  answer  to,
     7  explain,  or  defend any charge of a violation of any traffic law, ordi-
     8  nance, rule or regulation.
     9    § 13-b. Section 371 of  the  general  municipal  law,  as  amended  by
    10  section  12-b  of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to read as
    11  follows:
    12    § 371. Jurisdiction and procedure.  A  traffic  violations  bureau  so
    13  established  may be authorized to dispose of violations of traffic laws,
    14  ordinances, rules and regulations when such offenses shall  not  consti-
    15  tute  the traffic infraction known as speeding or a misdemeanor or felo-
    16  ny, and, if authorized by local law  or  ordinance,  to  adjudicate  the
    17  liability  of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven
    18  hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section
    19  eleven hundred eleven-d or section eleven hundred  eleven-e  or  section
    20  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of the vehicle and traffic law, by permit-
    21  ting  a  person  charged  with  an offense within the limitations herein
    22  stated, to answer, within a specified time, at  the  traffic  violations
    23  bureau, either in person or by written power of attorney in such form as
    24  may  be  prescribed  in  the  ordinance creating the bureau, by paying a
    25  prescribed fine and, in writing, waiving a hearing  in  court,  pleading
    26  guilty  to  the  charge  or  admitting  liability  as  an  owner for the
    27  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven  hundred  eleven  of  the
    28  vehicle  and traffic law, as the case may be, and authorizing the person
    29  in charge of the bureau to make such a plea or admission and pay such  a
    30  fine  in  court. Acceptance of the prescribed fine and power of attorney
    31  by the bureau shall be deemed complete satisfaction for the violation or
    32  of the liability, and the violator or owner liable for  a  violation  of
    33  subdivision  (d)  of  section  eleven  hundred eleven of the vehicle and
    34  traffic law shall be given a  receipt  which  so  states.  If  a  person
    35  charged  with  a  traffic  violation  does  not  answer  as hereinbefore
    36  prescribed, within a designated time, the bureau shall cause a complaint
    37  to be entered against him or her forthwith and a warrant  to  be  issued
    38  for  his  or  her arrest and appearance before the court. Any person who
    39  shall have been, within the preceding twelve months, guilty of a  number
    40  of  parking violations in excess of such maximum number as may be desig-
    41  nated by the court, or of three or more violations  other  than  parking
    42  violations,  shall not be permitted to appear and answer to a subsequent
    43  violation at the traffic violations bureau, but must appear in court  at
    44  a time specified by the bureau. Such traffic violations bureau shall not
    45  be  authorized  to deprive a person of his or her right to counsel or to
    46  prevent him or her from exercising his or her right to appear  in  court
    47  to  answer to, explain, or defend any charge of a violation of any traf-
    48  fic law, ordinance, rule or regulation.
    49    § 13-c. Section 371 of  the  general  municipal  law,  as  amended  by
    50  section  12-c  of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to read as
    51  follows:
    52    § 371. Jurisdiction and procedure.  A  traffic  violations  bureau  so
    53  established  may be authorized to dispose of violations of traffic laws,
    54  ordinances, rules and regulations when such offenses shall  not  consti-
    55  tute  the traffic infraction known as speeding or a misdemeanor or felo-
    56  ny, and, if authorized by local law  or  ordinance,  to  adjudicate  the

        A. 4950--A                         48
     1  liability  of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven
     2  hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section
     3  eleven hundred eleven-e of the vehicle and traffic law, and, if  author-
     4  ized  by  local  law or ordinance, to adjudicate the liability of owners
     5  for violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and
     6  traffic law in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a  of
     7  the  vehicle  and  traffic  law  by  permitting a person charged with an
     8  offense within the limitations herein stated, to answer, within a speci-
     9  fied time, at the traffic violations bureau,  either  in  person  or  by
    10  written power of attorney in such form as may be prescribed in the ordi-
    11  nance  creating the bureau, by paying a prescribed fine and, in writing,
    12  waiving a hearing in court, pleading guilty to the charge  or  admitting
    13  liability as an owner for violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven
    14  hundred  eleven  of  the vehicle and traffic law, as the case may be, or
    15  admitting liability as an  owner  for  a  violation  of  section  eleven
    16  hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and traffic law, as the case may be,
    17  and  authorizing  the person in charge of the bureau to make such a plea
    18  or admission and pay such a fine in court. Acceptance of the  prescribed
    19  fine and power of attorney by the bureau shall be deemed complete satis-
    20  faction for the violation or of the liability, and the violator or owner
    21  liable  for  a  violation  of  subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    22  eleven of the vehicle and traffic law or owner liable for a violation of
    23  section eleven hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and traffic law shall
    24  be given a receipt which so states. If a person charged with  a  traffic
    25  violation  does  not  answer as hereinbefore prescribed, within a desig-
    26  nated time, the bureau shall cause a complaint to be entered against him
    27  or her forthwith and a warrant to be issued for his or  her  arrest  and
    28  appearance  before the court. Any person who shall have been, within the
    29  preceding twelve months, guilty of a number  of  parking  violations  in
    30  excess  of  such maximum number as may be designated by the court, or of
    31  three or more violations other than parking  violations,  shall  not  be
    32  permitted  to appear and answer to a subsequent violation at the traffic
    33  violations bureau, but must appear in court at a time specified  by  the
    34  bureau.  Such  traffic  violations  bureau  shall  not  be authorized to
    35  deprive a person of his or her right to counsel or to prevent him or her
    36  from exercising his or her right  to  appear  in  court  to  answer  to,
    37  explain,  or  defend any charge of a violation of any traffic law, ordi-
    38  nance, rule or regulation.
    39    § 13-d. Section 371 of the general municipal law, as amended by  chap-
    40  ter 802 of the laws of 1949, is amended to read as follows:
    41    §  371.  Jurisdiction  and  procedure.  A traffic violations bureau so
    42  established may be authorized to dispose of violations of traffic  laws,
    43  ordinances,  rules  and regulations when such offenses shall not consti-
    44  tute the traffic infraction known as speeding or a misdemeanor or  felo-
    45  ny,  and,  if  authorized  by  local law or ordinance, to adjudicate the
    46  liability of owners for violations of section  eleven  hundred  seventy-
    47  four  of  the  vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section eleven
    48  hundred seventy-four-a of the vehicle and traffic law  by  permitting  a
    49  person  charged with an offense within the limitations herein stated, to
    50  answer, within a specified  time,  at  the  traffic  violations  bureau,
    51  either  in person or by written power of attorney in such form as may be
    52  prescribed in the ordinance creating the bureau, by paying a  prescribed
    53  fine and, in writing, waiving a hearing in court, pleading guilty to the
    54  charge,  or  admitting  liability as an owner for a violation of section
    55  eleven hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and traffic law, as the  case
    56  may be and authorizing the person in charge of the bureau to make such a

        A. 4950--A                         49
     1  plea  or  admission  and  pay  such a fine in court.   Acceptance of the
     2  prescribed fine and power of attorney by  the  bureau  shall  be  deemed
     3  complete  satisfaction  for  the  violation,  and  the violator or owner
     4  liable  for  a  violation  of section eleven hundred seventy-four of the
     5  vehicle and traffic law shall be given a receipt which so states.  If  a
     6  person  charged with a traffic violation does not answer as hereinbefore
     7  prescribed, within a designated time, the bureau shall cause a complaint
     8  to be entered against him or her forthwith and a warrant  to  be  issued
     9  for  his  or  her arrest and appearance before the court. Any person who
    10  shall have been, within the preceding twelve months, guilty of a  number
    11  of  parking violations in excess of such maximum number as may be desig-
    12  nated by the court, or of three or more violations  other  than  parking
    13  violations,  shall not be permitted to appear and answer to a subsequent
    14  violation at the traffic violations bureau, but must appear in court  at
    15  a time specified by the bureau. Such traffic violations bureau shall not
    16  be  authorized  to deprive a person of his or her right to counsel or to
    17  prevent him or her from exercising his or her right to appear  in  court
    18  to  answer to, explain, or defend any charge of a violation of any traf-
    19  fic law, ordinance, rule or regulation.
    20    § 14. Subdivision 2 of section 371 of the general  municipal  law,  as
    21  amended  by  chapter  43  of  the  laws  of  2014, is amended to read as
    22  follows:
    23    2. The Nassau county traffic and parking violations agency, as  estab-
    24  lished,  may  be  authorized to assist the Nassau county district court,
    25  and the Suffolk county traffic and parking violations agency, as  estab-
    26  lished,  may  be authorized to assist the Suffolk county district court,
    27  in the disposition and administration  of  infractions  of  traffic  and
    28  parking  laws,  ordinances,  rules  and regulations and the liability of
    29  owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred elev-
    30  en of the vehicle and traffic law  in  accordance  with  section  eleven
    31  hundred  eleven-b of such law and the liability of owners for violations
    32  of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f)  or  (g)  of  section  eleven  hundred
    33  eighty  of the vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section eleven
    34  hundred eighty-c of such law and the liability of owners for  violations
    35  of section eleven hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and traffic law in
    36  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of such law,
    37  except that such agencies shall not have jurisdiction over (a) the traf-
    38  fic infraction defined under subdivision one of section  eleven  hundred
    39  ninety-two  of  the  vehicle and traffic law; (b) the traffic infraction
    40  defined under subdivision five of section eleven hundred  ninety-two  of
    41  the  vehicle  and traffic law; (c) the violation defined under paragraph
    42  (b) of subdivision four of section fourteen-f of the transportation  law
    43  and  the  violation  defined  under  clause (b) of subparagraph (iii) of
    44  paragraph c of subdivision two of  section  one  hundred  forty  of  the
    45  transportation  law;  (d)  the  traffic infraction defined under section
    46  three hundred ninety-seven-a of the vehicle  and  traffic  law  and  the
    47  traffic  infraction  defined  under  subdivision  (g)  of section eleven
    48  hundred eighty of the vehicle and traffic law; (e)  any  misdemeanor  or
    49  felony;  or  (f)  any  offense  that is part of the same criminal trans-
    50  action, as that term is defined in subdivision two of section  40.10  of
    51  the criminal procedure law, as a violation of subdivision one of section
    52  eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law, a violation of
    53  subdivision five of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and
    54  traffic law, a violation of paragraph (b) of subdivision four of section
    55  fourteen-f  of  the  transportation  law,  a  violation of clause (b) of
    56  subparagraph (iii) of paragraph c of  subdivision  two  of  section  one

        A. 4950--A                         50
     1  hundred  forty  of  the transportation law, a violation of section three
     2  hundred ninety-seven-a of the vehicle and traffic law,  a  violation  of
     3  subdivision  (g)  of  section  eleven  hundred eighty of the vehicle and
     4  traffic law or any misdemeanor or felony.
     5    §  14-a. Subdivision 2 of section 371 of the general municipal law, as
     6  amended by chapter 388 of the laws  of  2012,  is  amended  to  read  as
     7  follows:
     8    2.  The Nassau county traffic and parking violations agency, as estab-
     9  lished, may be authorized to assist the Nassau  county  district  court,
    10  and  the Suffolk county traffic and parking violations agency, as estab-
    11  lished, may be authorized to assist the Suffolk county  district  court,
    12  in  the  disposition  and  administration  of infractions of traffic and
    13  parking laws, ordinances, rules and regulations  and  the  liability  of
    14  owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred elev-
    15  en  of  the  vehicle  and  traffic law in accordance with section eleven
    16  hundred eleven-b of such law and the liability of owners for  violations
    17  of section eleven hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and traffic law in
    18  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of such law,
    19  except that such agencies shall not have jurisdiction over (a) the traf-
    20  fic infraction defined under subdivision one of section  eleven  hundred
    21  ninety-two  of  the  vehicle and traffic law; (b) the traffic infraction
    22  defined under subdivision five of section eleven hundred  ninety-two  of
    23  the  vehicle  and traffic law; (c) the violation defined under paragraph
    24  (b) of subdivision four of section fourteen-f of the transportation  law
    25  and  the  violation  defined  under  clause (b) of subparagraph (iii) of
    26  paragraph c of subdivision two of  section  one  hundred  forty  of  the
    27  transportation  law;  (d)  the  traffic infraction defined under section
    28  three hundred ninety-seven-a of the vehicle  and  traffic  law  and  the
    29  traffic  infraction  defined  under  subdivision  (g)  of section eleven
    30  hundred eighty of the vehicle and traffic law; (e)  any  misdemeanor  or
    31  felony;  or  (f)  any  offense  that is part of the same criminal trans-
    32  action, as that term is defined in subdivision two of section  40.10  of
    33  the criminal procedure law, as a violation of subdivision one of section
    34  eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law, a violation of
    35  subdivision five of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and
    36  traffic law, a violation of paragraph (b) of subdivision four of section
    37  fourteen-f  of  the  transportation  law,  a  violation of clause (b) of
    38  subparagraph (iii) of paragraph c of  subdivision  two  of  section  one
    39  hundred  forty  of  the transportation law, a violation of section three
    40  hundred ninety-seven-a of the vehicle and traffic law,  a  violation  of
    41  subdivision  (g)  of  section  eleven  hundred eighty of the vehicle and
    42  traffic law or any misdemeanor or felony.
    43    § 15. Subdivision 2 of section  87  of  the  public  officers  law  is
    44  amended by adding a new paragraph (p) to read as follows:
    45    (p)  are  photographs,  microphotographs,  videotape or other recorded
    46  images prepared under authority of section eleven hundred seventy-four-a
    47  of the vehicle and traffic law.
    48    § 16. The purchase or lease of equipment for a  demonstration  program
    49  established  pursuant  to  section 1174-a of the vehicle and traffic law
    50  shall be subject to the provisions of section 103 of the general munici-
    51  pal law.
    52    § 17. Section 1604 of the education law is amended  by  adding  a  new
    53  subdivision 43 to read as follows:
    54    43.  To  pass  a  resolution,  in  the discretion of the board of such
    55  district, authorizing the entering of an agreement with a county,  city,
    56  village  or  town  within such district, for the installation and use of

        A. 4950--A                         51
     1  school bus photo violation monitoring systems pursuant to section eleven
     2  hundred seventy-four-a of the vehicle and traffic law, provided that the
     3  purchase, lease, installation, operation and maintenance, or  any  other
     4  costs  associated  with  such cameras shall not be considered an aidable
     5  expense pursuant to section thirty-six hundred  twenty-three-a  of  this
     6  chapter.
     7    §  18.  Section  1709  of the education law is amended by adding a new
     8  subdivision 43 to read as follows:
     9    43. To pass a resolution, in the  discretion  of  the  board  of  such
    10  district,  authorizing the entering of an agreement with a county, city,
    11  village or town within such district, for the installation  and  use  of
    12  school bus photo violation monitoring systems pursuant to section eleven
    13  hundred seventy-four-a of the vehicle and traffic law, provided that the
    14  purchase,  lease,  installation, operation and maintenance, or any other
    15  costs associated with such cameras shall not be  considered  an  aidable
    16  expense  pursuant  to  section thirty-six hundred twenty-three-a of this
    17  chapter.
    18    § 19. Section 2503 of the education law is amended  by  adding  a  new
    19  subdivision 21 to read as follows:
    20    21.  To  pass  a  resolution,  in  the discretion of the board of such
    21  district, authorizing the entering of an agreement with the city  within
    22  such  district,  for  the  installation  and  use  of  school  bus photo
    23  violation monitoring systems pursuant to section eleven  hundred  seven-
    24  ty-four-a  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, provided that the purchase,
    25  lease, installation, operation and maintenance, or any other costs asso-
    26  ciated with such cameras shall not  be  considered  an  aidable  expense
    27  pursuant to section thirty-six hundred twenty-three-a of this chapter.
    28    §  20.  Section  2554  of the education law is amended by adding a new
    29  subdivision 28 to read as follows:
    30    28. To pass a resolution, in the  discretion  of  the  board  of  such
    31  district,  authorizing the entering of an agreement with the city within
    32  such district,  for  the  installation  and  use  of  school  bus  photo
    33  violation  monitoring  systems pursuant to section eleven hundred seven-
    34  ty-four-a of the vehicle and traffic law, provided  that  the  purchase,
    35  lease, installation, operation and maintenance, or any other costs asso-
    36  ciated  with  such  cameras  shall  not be considered an aidable expense
    37  pursuant to section thirty-six hundred twenty-three-a of this chapter.
    38    § 21. Section 2590-h of the education law is amended by adding  a  new
    39  subdivision 39 to read as follows:
    40    39.  To enter an agreement, in his or her discretion, with the city of
    41  New York for the installation and use  of  school  bus  photo  violation
    42  monitoring  systems pursuant to section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of
    43  the vehicle and traffic law, provided that the purchase, lease,  instal-
    44  lation,  operation  and  maintenance, or any other costs associated with
    45  such cameras shall not be considered  an  aidable  expense  pursuant  to
    46  section thirty-six hundred twenty-three-a of this chapter.
    47    § 22. Operation of school bus photo violation monitoring systems with-
    48  in  a  school  district in accordance with section 1174-a of the vehicle
    49  and traffic law. 1. The governing body of any county and  the  municipal
    50  officers  and  boards  in the several cities, towns and villages located
    51  within a school district which have adopted  local  laws  or  ordinances
    52  pursuant to section 1174-a of the vehicle and traffic law establishing a
    53  demonstration  program  imposing  monetary  liability  on the owner of a
    54  vehicle for failure of an operator thereof to comply with  section  1174
    55  of  the  vehicle  and  traffic  law when meeting a school bus marked and
    56  equipped as provided in subdivisions 20 and 21-c of section 375  of  the

        A. 4950--A                         52
     1  vehicle  and  traffic  law  and  operated  in such county, city, town or
     2  village, are each hereby authorized to enter into an agreement with  the
     3  applicable  school  district  ("district") for the installation, mainte-
     4  nance  and use of school bus photo violation monitoring systems, for the
     5  proper handling and  custody  of  photographs,  microphotographs,  vide-
     6  otapes, other recorded images and data produced by such systems, and for
     7  the  forwarding of such photographs, microphotographs, videotapes, other
     8  recorded images and  data  to  the  applicable  county,  city,  town  or
     9  village, subject to the provisions of this section and section 1174-a of
    10  the  vehicle  and traffic law.  Provided, however, that where a district
    11  has entered an agreement as provided hereunder with a county, no cities,
    12  towns or villages within the same county may enter into, or be  a  party
    13  to,  any agreement with such district pursuant to this section. Provided
    14  further, however, that no county shall enter an agreement with any  city
    15  school district wholly contained within a city.
    16    2.  No agreement with the applicable school district shall take effect
    17  until a county, city, town or village located within such  district  has
    18  adopted  a  local  law  or ordinance as authorized by subdivision (a) of
    19  section 1174-a of the vehicle and traffic  law.    Except  as  otherwise
    20  provided  herein, subsequent counties, cities, towns and villages within
    21  such district may enter into the agreement with  the  district  provided
    22  that  they have adopted a local law or ordinance as authorized by subdi-
    23  vision (a) of section 1174-a of the vehicle and traffic law.
    24    3. Nothing in this section or act shall  be  construed  to  prevent  a
    25  county,  city, town, village or district at any time to withdraw from or
    26  terminate an agreement for the  installation,  maintenance  and  use  of
    27  school  bus photo violation monitoring systems within such county, city,
    28  town or village.
    29    4. For purposes of this section, the term "county" shall have the same
    30  meaning as such term is defined in section 3 of the  county  law  except
    31  that  such  term  shall not include any county wholly contained within a
    32  city, and the term "school bus photo violation monitoring system"  shall
    33  have  the  same  meaning  as  such term is defined by subdivision (c) of
    34  section 1174-a of the vehicle and traffic law.
    35    § 23. For the purpose of informing and educating owners of motor vehi-
    36  cles in this state, any county not wholly contained within a city, city,
    37  town or village authorized to issue notices of liability pursuant to the
    38  provisions of this act may, during the first thirty-day period in  which
    39  school  bus photo violation monitoring systems are in operation pursuant
    40  to the provisions of this act within such county, city, town or village,
    41  issue a written warning in lieu of a notice of liability to  all  owners
    42  of  motor  vehicles  who  would  be held liable for failure of operators
    43  thereof to comply with section 1174 of the vehicle and traffic law  when
    44  meeting  a school bus marked and equipped as provided in subdivisions 20
    45  and 21-c of section 375 of such law.
    46    § 24. This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day after  it  shall
    47  have  become a law and shall expire December 1, 2023 when upon such date
    48  the provisions of this act shall be deemed repealed; provided  that  any
    49  such  local  law  as may be enacted pursuant to this act shall remain in
    50  full force and effect only until December 1, 2023 and provided, further,
    51  that:
    52    (a) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 235 of the vehicle  and
    53  traffic law made by section one of this act shall not affect the expira-
    54  tion  of  such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
    55  upon such date the provisions of section one-a of this  act  shall  take
    56  effect;

        A. 4950--A                         53
     1    (b)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
     2  by section one-a of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
     3  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
     4  provisions of section one-b of this act shall take effect;
     5    (c)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
     6  by section one-b of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
     7  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
     8  provisions of section one-c of this act shall take effect;
     9    (d)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    10  by section one-c of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    11  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    12  provisions of section one-d of this act shall take effect;
    13    (e)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    14  by section one-d of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    15  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    16  provisions of section one-e of this act shall take effect;
    17    (f)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    18  by section one-e of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    19  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    20  provisions of section one-f of this act shall take effect;
    21    (g)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    22  by section one-f of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    23  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    24  provisions of section one-g of this act shall take effect;
    25    (h)  the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and
    26  traffic law made by section two of this act shall not affect the expira-
    27  tion of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire  therewith,  when
    28  upon  such  date  the provisions of section two-a of this act shall take
    29  effect;
    30    (i) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle  and
    31  traffic law made by section two-a of this act shall not affect the expi-
    32  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
    33  upon  such  date  the provisions of section two-b of this act shall take
    34  effect;
    35    (j) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle  and
    36  traffic law made by section two-b of this act shall not affect the expi-
    37  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
    38  upon  such  date  the provisions of section two-c of this act shall take
    39  effect;
    40    (k) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle  and
    41  traffic law made by section two-c of this act shall not affect the expi-
    42  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
    43  upon  such  date  the provisions of section two-d of this act shall take
    44  effect;
    45    (l) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle  and
    46  traffic law made by section two-d of this act shall not affect the expi-
    47  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
    48  upon  such  date  the provisions of section two-e of this act shall take
    49  effect;
    50    (m) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle  and
    51  traffic law made by section two-e of this act shall not affect the expi-
    52  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
    53  upon  such  date  the provisions of section two-f of this act shall take
    54  effect;
    55    (n) the amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section  239  of
    56  the  vehicle  and traffic law made by section four of this act shall not

        A. 4950--A                         54
     1  affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be  deemed  to  expire
     2  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section four-a of this
     3  act shall take effect;
     4    (o)  the  amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of
     5  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-a of this act shall not
     6  affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be  deemed  to  expire
     7  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section four-b of this
     8  act shall take effect;
     9    (p) the amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section  239  of
    10  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-b of this act shall not
    11  affect  the  expiration  of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire
    12  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section four-c of  this
    13  act shall take effect;
    14    (q)  the  amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of
    15  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-c of this act shall not
    16  affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be  deemed  to  expire
    17  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section four-d of this
    18  act shall take effect;
    19    (r) the amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section  239  of
    20  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-d of this act shall not
    21  affect  the  expiration  of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire
    22  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section four-e of  this
    23  act shall take effect;
    24    (s)  the  amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of
    25  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-e of this act shall not
    26  affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be  deemed  to  expire
    27  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section four-f of this
    28  act shall take effect;
    29    (t) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 1-a of  section  240  of  the
    30  vehicle  and  traffic  law  made  by  section five of this act shall not
    31  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    32  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section five-a of  this
    33  act shall take effect;
    34    (u)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the
    35  vehicle and traffic law made by section five-a of  this  act  shall  not
    36  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    37  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section five-b of this
    38  act shall take effect;
    39    (v) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 1-a of  section  240  of  the
    40  vehicle  and  traffic  law  made by section five-b of this act shall not
    41  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    42  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section five-c of  this
    43  act shall take effect;
    44    (w)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the
    45  vehicle and traffic law made by section five-c of  this  act  shall  not
    46  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    47  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section five-d of this
    48  act shall take effect;
    49    (x) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 1-a of  section  240  of  the
    50  vehicle  and  traffic  law  made by section five-d of this act shall not
    51  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    52  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section five-e of  this
    53  act shall take effect;
    54    (y)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the
    55  vehicle and traffic law made by section five-e of  this  act  shall  not
    56  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire

        A. 4950--A                         55
     1  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section five-f of this
     2  act shall take effect;
     3    (z)  the  amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section
     4  240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section six of this act shall
     5  not affect the expiration of such paragraphs  and  shall  be  deemed  to
     6  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-a of
     7  this act shall take effect;
     8    (aa)  the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section
     9  240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section  six-a  of  this  act
    10  shall  not  affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall be deemed
    11  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-b
    12  of this act shall take effect;
    13    (bb) the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of  section
    14  240  of  the  vehicle  and traffic law made by section six-b of this act
    15  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall  be  deemed
    16  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-c
    17  of this act shall take effect;
    18    (cc)  the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section
    19  240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section  six-c  of  this  act
    20  shall  not  affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall be deemed
    21  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-d
    22  of this act shall take effect;
    23    (dd) the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of  section
    24  240  of  the  vehicle  and traffic law made by section six-d of this act
    25  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall  be  deemed
    26  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-e
    27  of this act shall take effect;
    28    (ee)  the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section
    29  240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section  six-e  of  this  act
    30  shall  not  affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall be deemed
    31  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-f
    32  of this act shall take effect;
    33    (ff) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 2  of  section  241  of  the
    34  vehicle  and  traffic  law  made  by section seven of this act shall not
    35  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    36  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-a of this
    37  act shall take effect;
    38    (gg) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 2  of  section  241  of  the
    39  vehicle  and  traffic  law made by section seven-a of this act shall not
    40  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    41  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-b of this
    42  act shall take effect;
    43    (hh) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 2  of  section  241  of  the
    44  vehicle  and  traffic  law made by section seven-b of this act shall not
    45  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    46  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-c of this
    47  act shall take effect;
    48    (ii) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 2  of  section  241  of  the
    49  vehicle  and  traffic  law made by section seven-c of this act shall not
    50  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    51  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-d of this
    52  act shall take effect;
    53    (jj) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 2  of  section  241  of  the
    54  vehicle  and  traffic  law made by section seven-d of this act shall not
    55  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire

        A. 4950--A                         56
     1  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-e of this
     2  act shall take effect;
     3    (kk)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions  1 and 2 of section 241 of the
     4  vehicle and traffic law made by section seven-e of this  act  shall  not
     5  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
     6  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-f of this
     7  act shall take effect;
     8    (ll)  the amendments to subparagraph (i) of paragraph a of subdivision
     9  5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section  eight
    10  of  this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall
    11  be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such  date  the  provisions  of
    12  section eight-a of this act shall take effect;
    13    (mm)  the  amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401
    14  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eight-a of this act shall
    15  not affect the expiration of such  paragraph  and  shall  be  deemed  to
    16  expire  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eight-b
    17  of this act shall take effect;
    18    (nn) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of  section  401
    19  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eight-b of this act shall
    20  not  affect  the  expiration  of  such  paragraph and shall be deemed to
    21  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section  eight-c
    22  of this act shall take effect;
    23    (oo)  the  amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401
    24  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eight-c of this act shall
    25  not affect the expiration of such  paragraph  and  shall  be  deemed  to
    26  expire  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eight-d
    27  of this act shall take effect;
    28    (pp) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of  section  401
    29  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eight-d of this act shall
    30  not  affect  the  expiration  of  such  paragraph and shall be deemed to
    31  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section  eight-e
    32  of this act shall take effect;
    33    (qq)  the  amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401
    34  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eight-e of this act shall
    35  not affect the expiration of such  paragraph  and  shall  be  deemed  to
    36  expire  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eight-f
    37  of this act shall take effect;
    38    (rr) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of  section  401
    39  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eight-f of this act shall
    40  not  affect  the  expiration  of  such  paragraph and shall be deemed to
    41  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section  eight-g
    42  of this act shall take effect;
    43    (ss)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    44  and traffic law made by section ten of this act  shall  not  affect  the
    45  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    46  when upon such date the provisions of section ten-a of  this  act  shall
    47  take effect;
    48    (tt)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    49  and traffic law made by section ten-a of this act shall not  affect  the
    50  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    51  when upon such date the provisions of section ten-b of  this  act  shall
    52  take effect;
    53    (uu)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    54  and traffic law made by section ten-b of this act shall not  affect  the
    55  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,

        A. 4950--A                         57
     1  when upon such date the provisions of section ten-c of  this  act  shall
     2  take effect;
     3    (vv)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
     4  and traffic law made by section ten-c of this act shall not  affect  the
     5  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
     6  when upon such date the provisions of section ten-d of  this  act  shall
     7  take effect;
     8    (ww)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
     9  and traffic law made by section ten-d of this act shall not  affect  the
    10  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    11  when upon such date the provisions of section ten-e of  this  act  shall
    12  take effect;
    13    (xx)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    14  and traffic law made by section ten-e of this act shall not  affect  the
    15  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    16  when upon such date the provisions of section ten-f of  this  act  shall
    17  take effect;
    18    (yy)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    19  and traffic law made by section ten-f of this act shall not  affect  the
    20  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    21  when upon such date the provisions of section ten-g of  this  act  shall
    22  take effect;
    23    (zz)  the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
    24  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eleven of this act  shall
    25  not  affect  the  expiration  of  such  paragraph and shall be deemed to
    26  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-a
    27  of this act shall take effect;
    28    (aaa) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
    29  of the vehicle and traffic law made by  section  eleven-a  of  this  act
    30  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to
    31  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-b
    32  of this act shall take effect;
    33    (bbb) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
    34  of  the  vehicle  and  traffic  law made by section eleven-b of this act
    35  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to
    36  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-c
    37  of this act shall take effect;
    38    (ccc) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
    39  of the vehicle and traffic law made by  section  eleven-c  of  this  act
    40  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to
    41  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-d
    42  of this act shall take effect;
    43    (ddd) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
    44  of  the  vehicle  and  traffic  law made by section eleven-d of this act
    45  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to
    46  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-e
    47  of this act shall take effect;
    48    (eee) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
    49  of the vehicle and traffic law made by  section  eleven-e  of  this  act
    50  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to
    51  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-f
    52  of this act shall take effect;
    53    (fff)  the  amendments  made  to  subdivision  1 of section 371 of the
    54  general municipal law made by section thirteen of  this  act  shall  not
    55  affect  the expiration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire

        A. 4950--A                         58
     1  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section  thirteen-a  of
     2  this act shall take effect;
     3    (ggg)  the amendments made to section 371 of the general municipal law
     4  made by section thirteen-a of this act shall not affect  the  expiration
     5  of  such section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such
     6  date the provisions of section thirteen-b of this act shall take effect;
     7    (hhh) the amendments made to section 371 of the general municipal  law
     8  made  by  section thirteen-b of this act shall not affect the expiration
     9  of such section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon  such
    10  date the provisions of section thirteen-c of this act shall take effect;
    11    (iii)  the amendments made to section 371 of the general municipal law
    12  made by section thirteen-c of this act shall not affect  the  expiration
    13  of  such section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such
    14  date the provisions of section thirteen-d of this act shall take effect;
    15    (jjj) the amendments made to section 371 of the general municipal  law
    16  made  by section fourteen of this act shall not affect the expiration of
    17  such section and shall be deemed to expire  therewith,  when  upon  such
    18  date the provisions of section fourteen-a of this act shall take effect;
    19  and
    20    (kkk)  the amendments made to section 2590-h of the education law made
    21  by section twenty-one of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  and
    22  reversion of such section and shall expire therewith.
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