Bill Text: NY A06122 | 2019-2020 | General Assembly | Introduced


Bill Title: Extends provisions relating to affordable housing development loans to all municipalities of the state of New York; assists private sector in development of residential housing.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Republican 4-0)

Status: (Introduced) 2019-02-28 - referred to housing [A06122 Detail]

Download: New_York-2019-A06122-Introduced.html


                STATE OF NEW YORK
        ________________________________________________________________________
                                          6122
                               2019-2020 Regular Sessions
                   IN ASSEMBLY
                                    February 28, 2019
                                       ___________
        Introduced  by  M. of A. FITZPATRICK, TAGUE, SALKA -- Multi-Sponsored by
          -- M. of A.  MANKTELOW -- read once and referred to the  Committee  on
          Housing
        AN  ACT to amend the private housing finance law, in relation to extend-
          ing provisions relating to affordable housing development loans to all
          municipalities of the state of New York
          The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and  Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
     1    Section  1.  Section 1150 of the private housing finance law, as added
     2  by chapter 639 of the laws of 1989, is amended to read as follows:
     3    § 1150. Statement of legislative findings and purposes. It  is  hereby
     4  found  and  declared that there exists in [the city of] New York state a
     5  seriously inadequate supply of safe, sanitary  and  affordable  dwelling
     6  accommodations for persons and families for whom the ordinary operations
     7  of  private  enterprise cannot provide such accommodations. The legisla-
     8  ture further finds and declares that [the city of New York] any  munici-
     9  pality  should be permitted to assist the private sector in the develop-
    10  ment of dwelling  accommodations  affordable  to  such  persons  through
    11  establishment of a program to provide monies to make the construction of
    12  dwelling accommodations more affordable. It is recognized that currently
    13  [the  city of New York assists] municipalities assist the development of
    14  such housing accommodations through the provisions of  articles  fifteen
    15  and sixteen of the general municipal law which permit such assistance on
    16  [city-owned]  municipally-owned sites which are sold to private develop-
    17  ers or non-profit groups for construction of housing.   It  is  intended
    18  that  [the  city  of  New  York]  any municipality also be authorized to
    19  expend monies to assist housing  development  on  sites  which  are  not
    20  [city-owned]  municipally-owned.    Accordingly,  the legislature enacts
    21  this article to provide such authorization and to encourage the develop-
    22  ment of additional affordable dwelling accommodations.
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                                   LBD06000-01-9

        A. 6122                             2
     1    § 2. Subdivisions 1, 6 and 9 of section 1151 of  the  private  housing
     2  finance law, as added by chapter 639 of the laws of 1989, are amended to
     3  read as follows:
     4    1.  "Eligible  site"  shall mean any real property [in the city of New
     5  York] within a municipality which the supervising agency  determines  to
     6  be located in an area which is blighted or deteriorated or has a blight-
     7  ing influence on the surrounding area or is in danger of becoming a slum
     8  or  blighted  area  because  of  neighborhood  conditions  indicating an
     9  inability or unwillingness of the private sector to invest in housing in
    10  such area.
    11    6. "Loan" shall mean a first mortgage loan made by a private lender in
    12  participation with [the city of New York] a municipality  to  a  sponsor
    13  for  the purpose of construction of an eligible project including a loan
    14  in which the portion of the loan funded by the agency is represented  by
    15  a separate note and mortgage.
    16    9. ["Agency"] "Supervising agency" shall mean [the department of hous-
    17  ing  preservation and development of the city of New York or any succes-
    18  sor thereto] any officer, board, commission, department, or other agency
    19  of the municipality, or the authority or  any  other  public  authority,
    20  designated  by  the  local  legislative  body to carry out the functions
    21  vested in the agency under this article or delegated to  the  agency  by
    22  the  local  legislative  body  in  order  to  carry out the purposes and
    23  provisions of this article; except that in the city of New York shall be
    24  the department of housing preservation and development.
    25    § 3. Subdivisions 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12 and  13  of  section
    26  1152  of the private housing finance law, subdivisions 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8,
    27  10 and 11 as added by chapter 639 of the laws of 1989, subdivision 4  as
    28  amended  and subdivision 13 as added by chapter 241 of the laws of 1998,
    29  subdivision 12 as added by chapter 400 of the laws of  1994,  and  para-
    30  graph e of subdivision 12 as amended by chapter 118 of the laws of 2003,
    31  are amended to read as follows:
    32    1.  Notwithstanding  the  provisions  of any general, special or local
    33  law, one or more private lenders and [the city of New  York]  a  munici-
    34  pality, acting through [the] its supervising agency shall have the power
    35  to   participate  and  invest  in  making  loans  to  sponsors  for  the
    36  construction of eligible projects. Such loans may include  such  amounts
    37  as  may  be  required for site acquisition. Each such participation loan
    38  shall be secured by a bond or note and single participating mortgage  or
    39  by separate bonds or notes and mortgages upon the eligible project. Such
    40  bond  or  note  and  mortgage or bonds or notes or mortgages may contain
    41  such other terms and provisions not inconsistent with the provisions  of
    42  this article as the supervising agency may deem necessary or desirable.
    43    2. The portion of such loan funded by the supervising agency shall not
    44  exceed  an amount equal to sixty percent of the actual total development
    45  cost of an eligible project. The supervising agency may  enter  into  an
    46  agreement  with a private lender to deposit its share of a loan with the
    47  private lender to be advanced by the private lender. The portion of  the
    48  loan  funded by the supervising agency may be equal to or subordinate in
    49  lien to the portion of the loan funded by the  private  lender  and  may
    50  contain  such terms with respect to interest rate, if any, rate of amor-
    51  tization of principal, if any, and time of payment of interest and prin-
    52  cipal as determined by the supervising agency.   The supervising  agency
    53  may  make  provision  either in the mortgage or mortgages or by separate
    54  agreement for the performance by the private lender of such services  as
    55  are  generally  performed  by a banking institution which itself holds a
    56  mortgage, including, without  limitation,  construction  loan  advances,

        A. 6122                             3
     1  construction   supervision,   initiation   of  foreclosure  proceedings,
     2  procurement of insurance, and all other matters in connection  with  the
     3  financing,  supervision,  regulation  and  audit of any such loan to any
     4  such eligible project.
     5    4.  If the eligible project is to consist of one to four unit dwelling
     6  accommodations or cooperative  or  condominium  units,  the  supervising
     7  agency's  share  of  the  loan  may  be  converted  after  completion of
     8  construction into mortgages on such dwelling accommodations or condomin-
     9  ium units or financing statements filed with respect to such cooperative
    10  shares, provided such units or such cooperative shares are purchased  by
    11  persons  of  eligible  income. Such mortgages may provide that they will
    12  automatically be reduced to zero over a period of continuous owner-occu-
    13  pancy of the housing accommodations assisted by  such  loan.    Notwith-
    14  standing such provision as contained in such mortgage, the loan shall be
    15  reduced  to  zero  only  if, prior to or simultaneously with delivery of
    16  such mortgage, the supervising agency made a written determination  that
    17  such  reduction would be necessary to ensure the continued affordability
    18  or economic viability of the eligible  project.  Such  written  determi-
    19  nation shall document the basis upon which the loan was determined to be
    20  eligible  for  evaporation.  Such  period  of continuous owner-occupancy
    21  shall not be less than fifteen years.
    22    5. If the eligible project is to consist of one to four unit  dwelling
    23  accommodations  or  cooperative  or  condominium  units, the supervising
    24  agency shall require that the dwelling units be  offered  only  to  bona
    25  fide  purchasers who intend to occupy a unit as their principal place of
    26  residence; provided, however, that in the  case  of  two  to  four  unit
    27  dwelling accommodations the bona fide purchaser may occupy only a single
    28  unit as a principal place of residence. If the purchaser ceases to occu-
    29  py  the  unit  as a principal place of residence, the agency may provide
    30  for recapture of all or a portion of the supervising agency's  share  of
    31  the loan.
    32    6.  If the eligible project is a rental project, the supervising agen-
    33  cy's share of the loan may be converted after completion of construction
    34  into a non-interest bearing, non-amortizing thirty year loan payable  at
    35  the  end  of its term, provided that such loan shall be also payable out
    36  of profits upon any sale or refinancing of the project prior to the  end
    37  of  such  thirty  year  period.  The  sponsor or any subsequent owner or
    38  owners of such a project shall agree to rent such units only to  persons
    39  of  eligible  income  for such thirty year period; and if in the city of
    40  New York: shall agree that all  units  shall  be  subject  to  the  rent
    41  stabilization  law  of  nineteen  hundred  sixty-nine, as amended, for a
    42  period of thirty years after initial occupancy, unless  converted  to  a
    43  cooperative  or  condominium  pursuant  to  subdivision  eight  of  this
    44  section. At the end of such  period  each  unit  shall  continue  to  be
    45  subject  to  such law thereafter until the first vacancy occurs at which
    46  time the unit shall be decontrolled.  Initial  rentals  for  all  rental
    47  units shall be set by the supervising agency.
    48    7.  [If] In the city of New York, if  the eligible project is a rental
    49  project annual profits shall be limited to an amount set by  the  super-
    50  vising  agency  for  as  long as the loan is outstanding. Excess profits
    51  shall be used to establish project reserves,  provide  capital  improve-
    52  ments  or  reduce the principal amount of the supervising agency's loan,
    53  as determined by the supervising agency.
    54    8. If the eligible project is a rental project,  no  conversion  to  a
    55  cooperative  or  condominium  shall  be permitted for a period of twenty
    56  years after initial occupancy, and unless (i) the  supervising  agency's

        A. 6122                             4
     1  share  of  the loan is prepaid upon such conversion, (ii) the conversion
     2  shall be done pursuant to section three hundred  fifty-two-eeee  of  the
     3  general  business law as a non-eviction plan, and (iii) apartments occu-
     4  pied  by  non-purchasing  tenants  continue  to  be  subject to the rent
     5  stabilization law of nineteen hundred sixty-nine as amended,  until  the
     6  occurrence of a vacancy.
     7    10.  Notwithstanding  the  provisions of any general, special or local
     8  law or charter, the supervising agency shall have power, without  solic-
     9  iting  competing bids, to contract with any sponsor or to make provision
    10  in a loan for the construction or reconstruction of  any  site  improve-
    11  ments  located  in  the  public right-of-way which are necessary for the
    12  development of an eligible project. Such site improvements may  include,
    13  but  shall not be limited to, streets, sidewalks, lighting fixtures, and
    14  water and sewer lines.
    15    11. No loan shall be made pursuant to the provisions of  this  article
    16  unless  the  supervising  agency finds that: (a) the construction of the
    17  eligible project does not directly displace  current  low  and  moderate
    18  income  residents  of the eligible site; (b) the eligible project lever-
    19  ages private and other public investment, if any, so as  to  reduce  the
    20  amount  of  assistance  provided pursuant to this article to the minimal
    21  amount which is necessary for construction of the eligible project;  (c)
    22  the  eligible  project  will be built by a private developer/builder who
    23  has agreed to limit its profit in accordance with a formula satisfactory
    24  to the supervising agency; (d) the eligible project will provide assist-
    25  ance to an area which is blighted or deteriorated  or  has  a  blighting
    26  influence on the surrounding area, or is in danger of becoming a slum or
    27  a blighted area because of neighborhood conditions indicating an inabil-
    28  ity  or  unwillingness  of  the  private  sector  to  cause  the type of
    29  construction for which a loan is to be provided; and  (e)  the  eligible
    30  project will make home ownership or rental housing affordable to persons
    31  who  cannot  presently afford the housing available based upon the ordi-
    32  nary unaided operation of private enterprise.
    33    12. a. The supervising agency may make non-interest  bearing  advances
    34  to  sponsors to defray the pre-development costs of eligible projects in
    35  accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
    36    b. No such advances shall be made unless the supervising agency  finds
    37  that:  (i) the sponsor proposes to finance the eligible project in whole
    38  or in part by a loan granted  pursuant  to  this  article  or  that  the
    39  project,  if  otherwise  financed,  will  provide housing for persons or
    40  families of low income, and that such project  is  otherwise  consistent
    41  with  the  purposes  of this article; (ii) the project site is suitable,
    42  there is a need for the housing type proposed in the area to  be  served
    43  and  the  project  is feasible; and (iii) it is reasonable to anticipate
    44  that financing will be obtained and the supervising agency makes a find-
    45  ing to that effect.
    46    c. No such advances may be made  to  a  sponsor  unless  such  sponsor
    47  enters into an agreement with the supervising agency which provides that
    48  such  sponsor  shall  be regulated with respect to rents, profits, divi-
    49  dends and disposition of its property or franchise, in  accordance  with
    50  the provisions of this article.
    51    d.  An  advance granted pursuant to this section shall be used only to
    52  defray the pre-development costs of eligible projects. For  purposes  of
    53  this  subdivision,  the  term  pre-development  costs shall include, but
    54  shall not be limited to: the reasonable and necessary  costs  for  plan-
    55  ning, site preparation, developing architectural drawings and conducting
    56  engineering and environmental studies, but shall not include acquisition

        A. 6122                             5
     1  of   land  or  buildings,  drainage  and  landscaping  of  vacant  land,
     2  construction of new buildings or the reconstruction or rehabilitation of
     3  existing buildings.
     4    e. Each such advance shall be repaid in full to the supervising agency
     5  by the sponsor. Such repayment shall be made upon receipt by the sponsor
     6  or  its  successor  in  interest  of  the  proceeds  of  its mortgage or
     7  construction loan for the eligible project, unless the supervising agen-
     8  cy extends the period for the repayment of such advances.  In  no  event
     9  shall the time of repayment be extended to a date later than the date of
    10  final  advance  of funds pursuant to such mortgage or construction loan.
    11  Notwithstanding this paragraph, the supervising agency may  reduce  such
    12  advance to zero over a period of continued compliance with the supervis-
    13  ing  agency's agreement with the sponsor pursuant to paragraph c of this
    14  subdivision if the supervising agency has made a  written  determination
    15  that  such reduction would be necessary to ensure the continued afforda-
    16  bility or economic viability  of  the  eligible  project.  Such  written
    17  determination  shall document the basis upon which the supervising agen-
    18  cy's non-interest bearing advance was  determined  eligible  for  evapo-
    19  ration.
    20    f.  If  the  supervising  agency, in its discretion, determines at any
    21  time that mortgage or construction financing for  the  eligible  project
    22  may  not  be obtained, then all advances made to the sponsor pursuant to
    23  this subdivision shall become  immediately  due  and  payable  upon  the
    24  demand of the supervising agency.
    25    13.  If the eligible project is a rental project, the bond or note and
    26  mortgage or bonds or notes or mortgages issued by  the  sponsor  of  any
    27  eligible  project  to  secure  a participation loan may provide that the
    28  city's portion of such loan shall be reduced to zero commencing  on  the
    29  fifteenth  year after the execution of such bond or note and mortgage or
    30  bonds or notes or mortgages, provided that, as of the date of  any  such
    31  reduction,  the  eligible project has been and continues to be owned and
    32  operated in a manner consistent with a  regulatory  agreement  with  the
    33  city.  Notwithstanding  such  provision as contained in the bond or note
    34  and mortgage or bonds or notes or mortgages, the loan shall  be  reduced
    35  to  zero  only if, prior to or simultaneously with delivery of such bond
    36  or note and mortgage or bonds or notes  or  mortgages,  the  supervising
    37  agency  made a written determination that such reduction would be neces-
    38  sary to ensure the continued affordability or economic viability of  the
    39  eligible  project.  Such  written determination shall document the basis
    40  upon which the loan was determined to be eligible for evaporation.
    41    § 4. Section 1153 of the private housing  finance  law,  as  added  by
    42  chapter 639 of the laws of 1989, is amended to read as follows:
    43    §  1153. General provisions. 1. The supervising agency shall issue and
    44  promulgate rules and regulations for the administration of this article.
    45    2. If any clause, sentence, paragraph, section or  part  of  this  act
    46  shall  be adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid,
    47  such [judgement] judgment shall not affect,  impair  or  invalidate  the
    48  remainder thereof, but shall be confined in its operation to the clause,
    49  sentence,  paragraph,  section  or part thereof directly involved in the
    50  controversy in which such judgment shall have been rendered.
    51    § 5. This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day  after  it  shall
    52  have become a law.
feedback