Bill Text: NY S04524 | 2019-2020 | General Assembly | Amended


Bill Title: Relates to school bus safety cameras; relates to owner liability for operator illegally overtaking or passing a school bus; authorizes school districts to enter into agreements for the installation and use of school bus safety cameras; makes related provisions.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 3-0)

Status: (Introduced) 2019-04-10 - 2ND REPORT CAL. [S04524 Detail]

Download: New_York-2019-S04524-Amended.html


                STATE OF NEW YORK
        ________________________________________________________________________
                                         4524--A
                               2019-2020 Regular Sessions
                    IN SENATE
                                     March 14, 2019
                                       ___________
        Introduced  by  Sens. KENNEDY, KAPLAN -- read twice and ordered printed,
          and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation --
          committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as  amended  and
          recommitted to said committee
        AN  ACT  to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to school bus
          safety cameras and owner liability for operator  illegally  overtaking
          or  passing  a  school  bus;  to  amend  the general municipal law, in
          relation to jurisdiction and procedure; to amend the  public  officers
          law,  in relation to certain photographs, videotapes or other recorded
          images; and to amend the education law,  in  relation  to  authorizing
          school districts to enter into agreements for the installation and use
          of school bus safety cameras
          The  People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
     1    Section 1. Subdivision 1 of section 235 of  the  vehicle  and  traffic
     2  law,  as  amended  by  section  1 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is
     3  amended to read as follows:
     4    1. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any general,  special
     5  or  local  law or administrative code to the contrary, in any city which
     6  heretofore or hereafter is authorized  to  establish  an  administrative
     7  tribunal to hear and determine complaints of traffic infractions consti-
     8  tuting  parking,  standing  or stopping violations, or to adjudicate the
     9  liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section  eleven
    10  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    11  eleven-a  of  this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for
    12  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven  of  this
    13  chapter  in  accordance  with  sections  eleven hundred eleven-b of this
    14  chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters  twenty,  [twenty-one,]
    15  and  twenty-two  of  the laws of two thousand nine, or to adjudicate the
    16  liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section  eleven
    17  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                                   LBD09710-05-9

        S. 4524--A                          2
     1  eleven-d  of  this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for
     2  violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four  of  this  chapter  in
     3  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
     4  or  to  adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivision
     5  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance  with
     6  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter, or to adjudicate the
     7  liability of owners for violations of  toll  collection  regulations  as
     8  defined in and in accordance with the provisions of section two thousand
     9  nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the  public authorities law and sections
    10  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    11  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, or  to  adjudicate  liability  of
    12  owners  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chap-
    13  ter for violations of bus lane restrictions as  defined  in  subdivision
    14  (b),  (c), (d), (f) or (g) of such section, or to adjudicate the liabil-
    15  ity of owners for violations of section eleven hundred  eighty  of  this
    16  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chap-
    17  ter,  such  tribunal  and  the  rules and regulations pertaining thereto
    18  shall be constituted  in  substantial  conformance  with  the  following
    19  sections.
    20    §  1-a.  Section  235  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
    21  section 1-a of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to  read  as
    22  follows:
    23    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    24  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    25  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
    26  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
    27  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    28  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    29  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    30  eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or to adjudicate the  liability
    31  of  owners  for  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    32  eleven of this  chapter  in  accordance  with  sections  eleven  hundred
    33  eleven-b  of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen-
    34  ty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine, or to
    35  adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d)  of
    36  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    37  eleven  hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability
    38  of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of  section  eleven  hundred
    39  eleven  of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred
    40  eleven-e of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of  owners  for
    41  violations  of  section  eleven  hundred seventy-four of this chapter in
    42  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter,
    43  or  to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners  for  violations  of toll
    44  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
    45  provisions  of  section  two  thousand  nine  hundred eighty-five of the
    46  public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c
    47  of  chapter  seven  hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred
    48  fifty, or to adjudicate liability of owners in accordance  with  section
    49  eleven  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  for violations of bus lane
    50  restrictions as defined in such section, or to adjudicate the  liability
    51  of  owners  for  violations  of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of
    52  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section
    53  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, such tribunal and the rules and
    54  regulations pertaining  thereto  shall  be  constituted  in  substantial
    55  conformance with the following sections.

        S. 4524--A                          3
     1    §  1-b.  Section  235  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
     2  section 1-b of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to  read  as
     3  follows:
     4    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
     5  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
     6  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
     7  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
     8  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
     9  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    10  section eleven  hundred  eleven  of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with
    11  sections  eleven  hundred  eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections
    12  sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws  of
    13  two  thousand  nine,  or  to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners for
    14  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven  of  this
    15  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    16  ter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivi-
    17  sion  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance
    18  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or  to  adjudicate
    19  the  liability of owners for violations of section eleven hundred seven-
    20  ty-four of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    21  ty-four-a of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners  for
    22  violations  of  toll collection regulations as defined in and in accord-
    23  ance with the provisions of section two thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-
    24  five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and
    25  sixteen-c  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen
    26  hundred fifty, or to adjudicate liability of owners in  accordance  with
    27  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-c of this chapter for violations of bus
    28  lane restrictions as defined in  such  section,  or  to  adjudicate  the
    29  liability  of owners for violations of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or
    30  (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance  with
    31  section  eleven  hundred eighty-b of this chapter, such tribunal and the
    32  rules  and  regulations  pertaining  thereto  shall  be  constituted  in
    33  substantial conformance with the following sections.
    34    §  1-c.  Section  235  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
    35  section 1-c of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to  read  as
    36  follows:
    37    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    38  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    39  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
    40  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
    41  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    42  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    43  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    44  eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or to adjudicate the  liability
    45  of  owners  for  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    46  eleven of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    47  eleven-e  of  this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for
    48  violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four  of  this  chapter  in
    49  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
    50  or to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners  for  violations  of  toll
    51  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
    52  provisions of section two  thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the
    53  public  authorities  law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c
    54  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws  of  nineteen  hundred
    55  fifty,  or  to adjudicate liability of owners in accordance with section
    56  eleven hundred eleven-c of this  chapter  for  violations  of  bus  lane

        S. 4524--A                          4
     1  restrictions  as defined in such section, or to adjudicate the liability
     2  of owners for violations of subdivision (b), (c), (d),  (f)  or  (g)  of
     3  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section
     4  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, such tribunal and the rules and
     5  regulations  pertaining  thereto  shall  be  constituted  in substantial
     6  conformance with the following sections.
     7    § 1-d. Section 235 of the vehicle  and  traffic  law,  as  amended  by
     8  section  1-d  of  chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to read as
     9  follows:
    10    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    11  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    12  any city which heretofore or hereafter is  authorized  to  establish  an
    13  administrative  tribunal  to  hear  and  determine complaints of traffic
    14  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    15  adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d)  of
    16  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    17  eleven  hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability
    18  of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of  section  eleven  hundred
    19  eleven  of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred
    20  eleven-e of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of  owners  for
    21  violations  of  section  eleven  hundred seventy-four of this chapter in
    22  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter,
    23  or  to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners  for  violations  of toll
    24  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
    25  provisions  of  section  two  thousand  nine  hundred eighty-five of the
    26  public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c
    27  of  chapter  seven  hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred
    28  fifty, or to adjudicate liability of owners for violations  of  subdivi-
    29  sions  (c)  and  (d) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in
    30  accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of  this  chapter,  such
    31  tribunal  and  the  rules  and  regulations  pertaining thereto shall be
    32  constituted in substantial conformance with the following sections.
    33    § 1-e. Section 235 of the vehicle  and  traffic  law,  as  amended  by
    34  section  1-e  of  chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to read as
    35  follows:
    36    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    37  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    38  any city which heretofore or hereafter is  authorized  to  establish  an
    39  administrative  tribunal  to  hear  and  determine complaints of traffic
    40  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    41  adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d)  of
    42  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    43  eleven  hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability
    44  of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of  section  eleven  hundred
    45  eleven  of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred
    46  eleven-e of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of  owners  for
    47  violations  of  section  eleven  hundred seventy-four of this chapter in
    48  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter,
    49  or  to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners  for  violations  of toll
    50  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
    51  provisions  of  section  two  thousand  nine  hundred eighty-five of the
    52  public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c
    53  of  chapter  seven  hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred
    54  fifty, such tribunal and the rules and  regulations  pertaining  thereto
    55  shall  be  constituted  in  substantial  conformance  with the following
    56  sections.

        S. 4524--A                          5
     1    § 1-f. Section 235 of the vehicle  and  traffic  law,  as  amended  by
     2  section  1-f  of  chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to read as
     3  follows:
     4    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
     5  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
     6  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
     7  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
     8  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
     9  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    10  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    11  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or to adjudicate the  liability
    12  of  owners for violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this
    13  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    14  chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of toll
    15  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
    16  provisions  of  section  two  thousand  nine  hundred eighty-five of the
    17  public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c
    18  of  chapter  seven  hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred
    19  fifty, such tribunal and the rules and  regulations  pertaining  thereto
    20  shall  be  constituted  in  substantial  conformance  with the following
    21  sections.
    22    § 1-g. Section 235 of the  vehicle  and  traffic  law,  as  separately
    23  amended  by  chapter 715 of the laws of 1972 and chapter 379 of the laws
    24  of 1992, is amended to read as follows:
    25    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    26  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    27  any city which heretofore or hereafter is  authorized  to  establish  an
    28  administrative  tribunal  to  hear  and  determine complaints of traffic
    29  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    30  adjudicate the liability of owners  for  violations  of  section  eleven
    31  hundred  seventy-four  of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
    32  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or to adjudicate  the  liability
    33  of  owners  for  violations of toll collection regulations as defined in
    34  and in accordance with the  provisions  of  section  two  thousand  nine
    35  hundred   eighty-five   of  the  public  authorities  law  and  sections
    36  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    37  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, such tribunal and the  rules  and
    38  regulations  pertaining  thereto  shall  be  constituted  in substantial
    39  conformance with the following sections.
    40    § 2. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic  law,  as
    41  amended  by  section 2 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    42  read as follows:
    43    1. Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized  such
    44  tribunal  when  created  shall be known as the parking violations bureau
    45  and shall have jurisdiction of traffic infractions  which  constitute  a
    46  parking violation and, where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to
    47  subdivision  (a)  of  section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or
    48  subdivisions (a) of sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter  as
    49  added  by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-
    50  two of the laws of two thousand nine,  or  subdivision  (a)  of  section
    51  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter, or subdivision (a) of section
    52  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision (a)  of  section
    53  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter, shall adjudicate the
    54  liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section  eleven
    55  hundred  eleven  of  this chapter in accordance with such section eleven
    56  hundred eleven-a, sections eleven hundred eleven-b as added by  sections

        S. 4524--A                          6
     1  sixteen  of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of
     2  two thousand nine, or section eleven hundred eleven-d or section  eleven
     3  hundred  eleven-e  and  shall  adjudicate  the  liability  of owners for
     4  violations  of  toll collection regulations as defined in and in accord-
     5  ance with the provisions of section two thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-
     6  five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and
     7  sixteen-c  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen
     8  hundred fifty and shall adjudicate liability  of  owners  in  accordance
     9  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for violations of
    10  bus lane restrictions as defined in such section  and  shall  adjudicate
    11  liability  of  owners in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-
    12  four-a of this chapter for violations of section eleven  hundred  seven-
    13  ty-four of this chapter and shall adjudicate the liability of owners for
    14  violations  of  subdivision  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven
    15  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    16  eighty-b of this chapter. Such tribunal, except in a city with  a  popu-
    17  lation of one million or more, shall also have jurisdiction of abandoned
    18  vehicle  violations.  For  the  purposes  of  this  article,  a  parking
    19  violation is the violation of any law, rule or regulation providing  for
    20  or  regulating  the parking, stopping or standing of a vehicle. In addi-
    21  tion for purposes of this article, "commissioner" shall mean and include
    22  the commissioner of traffic  of  the  city  or  an  official  possessing
    23  authority as such a commissioner.
    24    § 2-a. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    25  amended by section 2-a of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    26  read as follows:
    27    1.  Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such
    28  tribunal when created shall be known as the  parking  violations  bureau
    29  and  shall  have  jurisdiction of traffic infractions which constitute a
    30  parking violation and, where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to
    31  subdivisions (a) of sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter  as
    32  added  by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-
    33  two of the laws of two thousand nine,  or  subdivision  (a)  of  section
    34  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter, or subdivision (a) of section
    35  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision (a)  of  section
    36  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter, shall adjudicate the
    37  liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section  eleven
    38  hundred  eleven  of this chapter in accordance with such sections eleven
    39  hundred eleven-b as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twen-
    40  ty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of  two  thousand  nine  or  section
    41  eleven  hundred  eleven-d  or section eleven hundred eleven-e; and shall
    42  adjudicate liability of owners in accordance with section eleven hundred
    43  eleven-c of this chapter for violations  of  bus  lane  restrictions  as
    44  defined  in  such  section  and  shall adjudicate liability of owners in
    45  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter
    46  for  violations  of  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter
    47  and shall adjudicate liability of owners for violations of  subdivisions
    48  (c)  and (d) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accord-
    49  ance with section eleven hundred  eighty-b  of  this  chapter.  For  the
    50  purposes  of  this  article, a parking violation is the violation of any
    51  law, rule or regulation providing for or regulating the  parking,  stop-
    52  ping or standing of a vehicle. In addition for purposes of this article,
    53  "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traffic of the
    54  city or an official possessing authority as such a commissioner.

        S. 4524--A                          7
     1    § 2-b. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
     2  amended by section 2-b of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
     3  read as follows:
     4    1.  Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such
     5  tribunal when created shall be known as the  parking  violations  bureau
     6  and  shall  have  jurisdiction of traffic infractions which constitute a
     7  parking violation and, where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to
     8  subdivision (a) of section eleven hundred eleven-d or subdivision (a) of
     9  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision  (a)  of
    10  section  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall adjudicate
    11  liability of owners in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-c
    12  of  this  chapter  for violations of bus lane restrictions as defined in
    13  such  section;  and  shall  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners   for
    14  violations  of  subdivision  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven
    15  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    16  eighty-b of this chapter. For the purposes of this  article,  a  parking
    17  violation  is the violation of any law, rule or regulation providing for
    18  or regulating the parking, stopping or standing of a vehicle.  In  addi-
    19  tion for purposes of this article, "commissioner" shall mean and include
    20  the  commissioner  of  traffic  of  the  city  or an official possessing
    21  authority as such a commissioner.
    22    § 2-c. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    23  amended by section 2-c of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    24  read as follows:
    25    1. Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized  such
    26  tribunal  when  created  shall be known as the parking violations bureau
    27  and, where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to  subdivision  (a)
    28  of section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or subdivision (a) of
    29  section  eleven  hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision (a) of
    30  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall have juris-
    31  diction of traffic infractions which constitute a parking violation  and
    32  shall  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision
    33  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    34  ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this  chapter.
    35  For  the  purposes of this article, a parking violation is the violation
    36  of any law, rule or regulation providing for or regulating the  parking,
    37  stopping  or  standing  of  a  vehicle. In addition for purposes of this
    38  article, "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traf-
    39  fic of the city or an official possessing authority as  such  a  commis-
    40  sioner.
    41    § 2-d. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    42  amended by section 2-d of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    43  read as follows:
    44    1.  Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such
    45  tribunal when created shall be known as the  parking  violations  bureau
    46  and,  where  authorized by local law adopted pursuant to subdivision (a)
    47  of section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or subdivision (a) of
    48  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision  (a)  of
    49  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall have juris-
    50  diction of traffic infractions which constitute a parking violation. For
    51  the  purposes  of  this article, a parking violation is the violation of
    52  any law, rule or regulation providing for  or  regulating  the  parking,
    53  stopping  or  standing  of  a  vehicle. In addition for purposes of this
    54  article, "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traf-
    55  fic of the city or an official possessing authority as  such  a  commis-
    56  sioner.

        S. 4524--A                          8
     1    § 2-e. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
     2  amended by section 2-e of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
     3  read as follows:
     4    1.  Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such
     5  tribunal when created shall be known as the  parking  violations  bureau
     6  and where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to subdivision (a) of
     7  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e  or subdivision (a) of section eleven
     8  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall have jurisdiction of traf-
     9  fic infractions which constitute a parking violation. For  the  purposes
    10  of  this  article, a parking violation is the violation of any law, rule
    11  or regulation providing for  or  regulating  the  parking,  stopping  or
    12  standing  of  a  vehicle.  In  addition  for  purposes  of this article,
    13  "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traffic of the
    14  city or an official possessing authority as such a commissioner.
    15    § 2-f. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    16  added by chapter 715 of the laws of 1972, is amended to read as follows:
    17    1. Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized  such
    18  tribunal  when  created  shall be known as the parking violations bureau
    19  and where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to subdivision (a) of
    20  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall have juris-
    21  diction of traffic infractions which constitute a parking violation. For
    22  the purposes of this article, a parking violation is  the  violation  of
    23  any  law,  rule  or  regulation providing for or regulating the parking,
    24  stopping or standing of a vehicle. In  addition  for  purposes  of  this
    25  article, "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traf-
    26  fic  of  the  city or an official possessing authority as such a commis-
    27  sioner.
    28    § 3. Section 237 of the vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a
    29  new subdivision 16 to read as follows:
    30    16. To adjudicate the liability of owners for  violations  of  section
    31  eleven  hundred  seventy-four of this chapter in accordance with section
    32  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, if  authorized  by  local
    33  law  adopted  pursuant to subdivision (a) of such section eleven hundred
    34  seventy-four-a.
    35    § 4. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of  the  vehicle  and
    36  traffic law, as amended by section 4 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015,
    37  is amended to read as follows:
    38    f.  "Notice  of  violation"  means a notice of violation as defined in
    39  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven  of  this  article,
    40  but shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant
    41  to  authorization  set  forth in section eleven hundred eleven-a of this
    42  chapter, or sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by
    43  sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the
    44  laws of two thousand nine, or section eleven hundred  eleven-d  of  this
    45  chapter,  or section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or section
    46  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, and shall not  be  deemed
    47  to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to section two thousand
    48  nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the  public authorities law and sections
    49  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    50  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty and shall not be deemed to include
    51  a notice of liability issued pursuant to section eleven hundred eleven-c
    52  of this chapter and shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability
    53  issued pursuant to section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter.
    54    § 4-a. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle  and
    55  traffic  law,  as  amended  by section 4-a of chapter 222 of the laws of
    56  2015, is amended to read as follows:

        S. 4524--A                          9
     1    f. "Notice of violation" means a notice of  violation  as  defined  in
     2  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article but
     3  shall  not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to
     4  authorization set forth in sections  eleven  hundred  eleven-b  of  this
     5  chapter  as  added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,]
     6  and twenty-two of the laws  of  two  thousand  nine  or  section  eleven
     7  hundred  eleven-d  of this chapter or section eleven hundred eleven-e of
     8  this chapter or section eleven hundred seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter
     9  and shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant
    10  to  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-c  of this chapter and shall not be
    11  deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to section elev-
    12  en hundred eighty-b of this chapter.
    13    § 4-b. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle  and
    14  traffic  law,  as  amended  by section 4-b of chapter 222 of the laws of
    15  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    16    f. "Notice of violation" means a notice of  violation  as  defined  in
    17  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and
    18  shall  not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to
    19  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    20  ter or to a notice of liability issued  pursuant  to  authorization  set
    21  forth  in section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or to a notice
    22  of liability issued pursuant to authorization set forth in section elev-
    23  en hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter and shall  not  be  deemed  to
    24  include  a notice of liability issued pursuant to section eleven hundred
    25  eleven-c of this chapter and shall not be deemed to include a notice  of
    26  liability  issued  pursuant  to  section eleven hundred eighty-b of this
    27  chapter.
    28    § 4-c. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle  and
    29  traffic  law,  as  amended  by section 4-c of chapter 222 of the laws of
    30  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    31    f. "Notice of violation" means a notice of  violation  as  defined  in
    32  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and
    33  shall  not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to
    34  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    35  ter or to a notice of liability issued  pursuant  to  authorization  set
    36  forth  in section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or to a notice
    37  of liability issued pursuant to authorization set forth in section elev-
    38  en hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter and shall  not  be  deemed  to
    39  include  a notice of liability issued pursuant to section eleven hundred
    40  eighty-b of this chapter.
    41    § 4-d. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle  and
    42  traffic  law,  as  amended  by section 4-d of chapter 222 of the laws of
    43  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    44    f. "Notice of violation" means a notice of  violation  as  defined  in
    45  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and
    46  shall  not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to
    47  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    48  ter or to a notice of liability issued  pursuant  to  authorization  set
    49  forth  in section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or to a notice
    50  of liability issued pursuant to authorization set forth in section elev-
    51  en hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter.
    52    § 4-e. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle  and
    53  traffic  law,  as  amended  by section 4-e of chapter 222 of the laws of
    54  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    55    f. "Notice of violation" means a notice of  violation  as  defined  in
    56  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and

        S. 4524--A                         10
     1  shall  not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to
     2  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
     3  ter or to a notice of liability issued  pursuant  to  authorization  set
     4  forth in section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter.
     5    §  4-f. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and
     6  traffic law, as added by chapter 180 of the laws of 1980, is amended  to
     7  read as follows:
     8    f.  "Notice  of  violation"  means a notice of violation as defined in
     9  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and
    10  shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant  to
    11  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    12  chapter.
    13    §  5. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traffic
    14  law, as amended by section 5 of chapter 222 of the  laws  of  2015,  are
    15  amended to read as follows:
    16    1.  Notice  of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with a parking
    17  violation enters a plea of not guilty or a person alleged to  be  liable
    18  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or
    19  sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as  added  by  sections
    20  sixteen  of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of
    21  two thousand nine or section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or
    22  section eleven hundred eleven-e  of  this  chapter,  or  section  eleven
    23  hundred  seventy-four-a  of this chapter, for a violation of subdivision
    24  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter contests such alle-
    25  gation, or a  person  alleged  to  be  liable  in  accordance  with  the
    26  provisions  of  section  two  thousand  nine  hundred eighty-five of the
    27  public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of
    28  chapter seven hundred seventy-four  of  the  laws  of  nineteen  hundred
    29  fifty,  or  a  person  alleged  to  be  liable  in  accordance  with the
    30  provisions of section eleven hundred eleven-c  of  this  chapter  for  a
    31  violation  of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section contests
    32  such allegation, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance with the
    33  provisions of section eleven hundred eighty-b  of  this  chapter  for  a
    34  violation  of  subdivision  (b),  (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven
    35  hundred eighty of this chapter  contests  such  allegation,  the  bureau
    36  shall  advise such person personally by such form of first class mail as
    37  the director may direct of the date on which he or she  must  appear  to
    38  answer  the  charge at a hearing. The form and content of such notice of
    39  hearing shall be prescribed by the director, and shall contain a warning
    40  to advise the person so pleading or contesting that failure to appear on
    41  the date designated, or on  any  subsequent  adjourned  date,  shall  be
    42  deemed  an  admission  of  liability, and that a default judgment may be
    43  entered thereon.
    44    1-a. Fines and penalties. Whenever a  plea  of  not  guilty  has  been
    45  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    46  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or
    47  sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as  added  by  sections
    48  sixteen  of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of
    49  two thousand nine or section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter  or
    50  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter  or section eleven
    51  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or an allegation of liability  in
    52  accordance  with  section  two  thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the
    53  public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of
    54  chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty
    55  or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred
    56  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  or an allegation of liability in accordance

        S. 4524--A                         11
     1  with  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of  this  chapter,  is   being
     2  contested, by a person in a timely fashion and a hearing upon the merits
     3  has been demanded, but has not yet been held, the bureau shall not issue
     4  any  notice  of  fine or penalty to that person prior to the date of the
     5  hearing.
     6    § 5-a. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and  traf-
     7  fic  law,  as amended by section 5-a of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015,
     8  are amended to read as follows:
     9    1. Notice of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with  a  parking
    10  violation  enters  a plea of not guilty or a person alleged to be liable
    11  in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this  chapter  as
    12  added  by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-
    13  two of the laws of two thousand nine or section eleven hundred  eleven-d
    14  of  this  chapter  or section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or
    15  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter for a violation of
    16  subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter,  or  a
    17  person alleged to be liable in accordance with the provisions of section
    18  eleven  hundred  eleven-c  of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane
    19  restriction as defined in such section contests such  allegation,  or  a
    20  person alleged to be liable in accordance with the provisions of section
    21  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of this chapter for violations of subdivision
    22  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    23  ter contests such  allegation,  the  bureau  shall  advise  such  person
    24  personally  by  such form of first class mail as the director may direct
    25  of the date on which he or she must appear to answer  the  charge  at  a
    26  hearing.  The  form  and  content  of  such  notice  of hearing shall be
    27  prescribed by the director, and shall contain a warning  to  advise  the
    28  person  so  pleading  or  contesting  that failure to appear on the date
    29  designated, or on any subsequent adjourned  date,  shall  be  deemed  an
    30  admission of liability, and that a default judgment may be entered ther-
    31  eon.
    32    1-a.  Fines  and  penalties.  Whenever  a  plea of not guilty has been
    33  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    34  in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter,  as
    35  added  by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-
    36  two of the laws of two thousand nine or in accordance with section elev-
    37  en hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or in accordance with section elev-
    38  en  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter  or  section   eleven   hundred
    39  seventy-four-a  of this chapter or an allegation of liability in accord-
    40  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or an  allega-
    41  tion  of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of
    42  this chapter is being contested, by a person in a timely fashion  and  a
    43  hearing  upon  the  merits has been demanded, but has not yet been held,
    44  the bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to that  person
    45  prior to the date of the hearing.
    46    §  5-b. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traf-
    47  fic law, as amended by section 5-b of chapter 222 of the laws  of  2015,
    48  are amended to read as follows:
    49    1.  Notice  of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with a parking
    50  violation enters a plea of not guilty or a person alleged to  be  liable
    51  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or in
    52  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of this chapter or
    53  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or  in  accordance
    54  with  the  provisions of section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter
    55  for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined  in  such  section,
    56  contests such allegation, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance

        S. 4524--A                         12
     1  with  the  provisions of section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter
     2  for violations of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section elev-
     3  en hundred eighty of this chapter contests such allegation,  the  bureau
     4  shall  advise such person personally by such form of first class mail as
     5  the director may direct of the date on which he or she  must  appear  to
     6  answer  the  charge at a hearing. The form and content of such notice of
     7  hearing shall be prescribed by the director, and shall contain a warning
     8  to advise the person so pleading that failure  to  appear  on  the  date
     9  designated,  or  on  any  subsequent  adjourned date, shall be deemed an
    10  admission of liability, and that a default judgment may be entered ther-
    11  eon.
    12    1-a. Fines and penalties. Whenever a  plea  of  not  guilty  has  been
    13  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    14  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or in
    15  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of this chapter or
    16  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or  in  accordance
    17  with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or an allegation of
    18  liability  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eighty-b of this
    19  chapter is being contested, by a person in a timely fashion and a  hear-
    20  ing  upon  the  merits has been demanded, but has not yet been held, the
    21  bureau shall not issue any notice of fine  or  penalty  to  that  person
    22  prior to the date of the hearing.
    23    §  5-c. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traf-
    24  fic law, as amended by section 5-c of chapter 222 of the laws  of  2015,
    25  are amended to read as follows:
    26    1.  Notice  of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with a parking
    27  violation enters a plea of not guilty, or a person alleged to be  liable
    28  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or a
    29  person  alleged  to  be liable in accordance with section eleven hundred
    30  eleven-e of this chapter, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance
    31  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or a  person
    32  alleged to be liable in accordance with the provisions of section eleven
    33  hundred eighty-b of this chapter for violations of subdivision (b), (c),
    34  (d),  (f)  or  (g)  of  section  eleven  hundred  eighty of this chapter
    35  contests such allegation, the bureau shall advise such person personally
    36  by such form of first class mail as the director may direct of the  date
    37  on  which  he  or she must appear to answer the charge at a hearing. The
    38  form and content of such notice of hearing shall be  prescribed  by  the
    39  director,  and  shall contain a warning to advise the person so pleading
    40  that failure to appear on the date  designated,  or  on  any  subsequent
    41  adjourned  date,  shall  be deemed an admission of liability, and that a
    42  default judgment may be entered thereon.
    43    1-a. Fines and penalties. Whenever a  plea  of  not  guilty  has  been
    44  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    45  in  accordance  with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or
    46  the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability in  accord-
    47  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or the bureau
    48  has  been  notified  that  an allegation of liability in accordance with
    49  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or the bureau has
    50  been notified that an allegation of liability in accordance with section
    51  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, is being contested, by a person
    52  in a timely fashion and a hearing upon the merits has been demanded, but
    53  has not yet been held, the bureau shall not issue any notice of fine  or
    54  penalty to that person prior to the date of the hearing.

        S. 4524--A                         13
     1    §  5-d. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traf-
     2  fic law, as amended by section 5-d of chapter 222 of the laws  of  2015,
     3  are amended to read as follows:
     4    1.  Notice  of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with a parking
     5  violation enters a plea of not guilty, or a person alleged to be  liable
     6  in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter
     7  contests such allegation, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance
     8  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter contests such alle-
     9  gation, or a person alleged to be  liable  in  accordance  with  section
    10  eleven  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter contests such allegation,
    11  the bureau shall advise such person personally by  such  form  of  first
    12  class  mail  as  the  director may direct of the date on which he or she
    13  must appear to answer the charge at a hearing. The form and  content  of
    14  such  notice  of  hearing shall be prescribed by the director, and shall
    15  contain a warning to advise the  person  so  pleading  that  failure  to
    16  appear  on  the  date  designated,  or on any subsequent adjourned date,
    17  shall be deemed an admission of liability, and that a  default  judgment
    18  may be entered thereon.
    19    1-a.  Fines  and  penalties.  Whenever  a  plea of not guilty has been
    20  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    21  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chapter,  is
    22  being  contested,  or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of
    23  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of  this
    24  chapter,  is  being  contested,  or the bureau has been notified that an
    25  allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    26  ty-four-a of this chapter, is being contested, by a person in  a  timely
    27  fashion and a hearing upon the merits has been demanded, but has not yet
    28  been  held,  the bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to
    29  that person prior to the date of the hearing.
    30    § 5-e. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and  traf-
    31  fic  law,  as amended by section 5-e of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015,
    32  are amended to read as follows:
    33    1. Notice of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with  a  parking
    34  violation  enters a plea of not guilty, or a person alleged to be liable
    35  in accordance with section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter
    36  contests such allegation, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance
    37  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter contests such
    38  allegation,  the bureau shall advise such person personally by such form
    39  of first class mail as the director may direct of the date on  which  he
    40  or  she  must  appear  to  answer  the charge at a hearing. The form and
    41  content of such notice of hearing shall be prescribed by  the  director,
    42  and  shall contain a warning to advise the person so pleading that fail-
    43  ure to appear on the date designated, or  on  any  subsequent  adjourned
    44  date,  shall  be  deemed  an  admission of liability, and that a default
    45  judgment may be entered thereon.
    46    1-a. Fines and penalties. Whenever a  plea  of  not  guilty  has  been
    47  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    48  in  accordance  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, is
    49  being contested, or the bureau has been notified that an  allegation  of
    50  liability  in  accordance  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of
    51  this chapter, is being contested, by a person in a timely fashion and  a
    52  hearing  upon  the  merits has been demanded, but has not yet been held,
    53  the bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to that  person
    54  prior to the date of the hearing.
    55    §  5-f. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traf-
    56  fic law, subdivision 1 as added by chapter 715 of the laws of  1972  and

        S. 4524--A                         14
     1  subdivision 1-a as added by chapter 365 of the laws of 1978, are amended
     2  to read as follows:
     3    1.  Notice  of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with a parking
     4  violation enters a plea of not guilty, or a person alleged to be  liable
     5  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
     6  contests such allegation, the bureau shall advise such person personally
     7  by  such form of first class mail as the director may direct of the date
     8  on which he or she must appear to answer the charge at  a  hearing.  The
     9  form  and  content  of such notice of hearing shall be prescribed by the
    10  director, and shall contain a warning to advise the person  so  pleading
    11  that  failure  to  appear  on  the date designated, or on any subsequent
    12  adjourned date, shall be deemed an admission of liability,  and  that  a
    13  default judgment may be entered thereon.
    14    1-a.  Fines  and  penalties.  Whenever  a  plea of not guilty has been
    15  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    16  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chap-
    17  ter,  is  being contested, by a person in a timely fashion and a hearing
    18  upon the merits has been demanded, but has not yet been held, the bureau
    19  shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to that  person  prior  to
    20  the date of the hearing.
    21    § 6. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehicle
    22  and  traffic  law, as amended by section 6 of chapter 222 of the laws of
    23  2015, are amended to read as follows:
    24    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    25  or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred
    26  eleven-a  of  this chapter or in accordance with sections eleven hundred
    27  eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters  twen-
    28  ty,  [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or in
    29  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chapter  or  in
    30  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or in
    31  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or
    32  an allegation of liability in accordance with section two thousand  nine
    33  hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a,
    34  sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c  of  chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the
    35  laws of nineteen hundred fifty or an allegation of liability in  accord-
    36  ance  with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or an allega-
    37  tion of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b  of
    38  this chapter, shall be held before a hearing examiner in accordance with
    39  rules and regulations promulgated by the bureau.
    40    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a
    41  hearing  at  which  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    42  eleven-a of this chapter or in accordance with sections  eleven  hundred
    43  eleven-b  of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen-
    44  ty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or  in
    45  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d  of this chapter is
    46  contested or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of  this
    47  chapter is contested or in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    48  ty-four-a  of this chapter is contested or of a hearing at which liabil-
    49  ity in accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five  of
    50  the   public  authorities  law  or  sections  sixteen-a,  sixteen-b  and
    51  sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of  nineteen
    52  hundred fifty is contested or of a hearing at which liability in accord-
    53  ance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or a hearing
    54  at which liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of
    55  this chapter is contested. Recording devices may be used for the  making
    56  of the record.

        S. 4524--A                         15
     1    § 6-a. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
     2  cle  and  traffic  law,  as amended by section 6-a of chapter 222 of the
     3  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
     4    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
     5  or an allegation of liability in accordance with sections eleven hundred
     6  eleven-b of this chapter, as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen-
     7  ty,  [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or in
     8  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chapter  or  in
     9  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or in
    10  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or
    11  an allegation of liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    12  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  or an allegation of liability in accordance
    13  with section eleven hundred eighty-b of  this  chapter,  shall  be  held
    14  before  a  hearing  examiner  in  accordance  with rules and regulations
    15  promulgated by the bureau.
    16    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a
    17  hearing at which liability in accordance with  sections  eleven  hundred
    18  eleven-b of this chapter, as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen-
    19  ty,  [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or in
    20  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chapter  or  in
    21  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or in
    22  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or
    23  of a hearing at  which  liability  in  accordance  with  section  eleven
    24  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  or a hearing at which liability in
    25  accordance with section eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of  this  chapter  is
    26  contested.  Recording devices may be used for the making of the record.
    27    § 6-b. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
    28  cle  and  traffic  law,  as amended by section 6-b of chapter 222 of the
    29  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
    30    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    31  or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred
    32  seventy-four-a  of this chapter or an allegation of liability in accord-
    33  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or an  allega-
    34  tion  of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of
    35  this chapter or an allegation of liability in  accordance  with  section
    36  eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or an allegation of liability in
    37  accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter shall be
    38  held  before a hearing examiner in accordance with rules and regulations
    39  promulgated by the bureau.
    40    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a
    41  hearing at which liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    42  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter  or of a hearing at which liability in
    43  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or of  a
    44  hearing  at  which  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    45  eleven-d of this chapter or of a hearing at which liability  in  accord-
    46  ance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or a hearing
    47  at which liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of
    48  this chapter is contested.  Recording devices may be used for the making
    49  of the record.
    50    § 6-c. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
    51  cle and traffic law, as amended by section 6-c of  chapter  222  of  the
    52  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
    53    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    54  or  an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred
    55  seventy-four-a of this chapter or an allegation of liability in  accord-
    56  ance  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or an allega-

        S. 4524--A                         16
     1  tion of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d  of
     2  this  chapter  or  an allegation of liability in accordance with section
     3  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter shall be held before  a  hearing
     4  examiner  in  accordance  with  rules and regulations promulgated by the
     5  bureau.
     6    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a
     7  hearing at which liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
     8  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter  or of a hearing at which liability in
     9  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or of  a
    10  hearing  at  which  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    11  eleven-d of this chapter or a hearing at which liability  in  accordance
    12  with  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of  this chapter is contested.
    13  Recording devices may be used for the making of the record.
    14    § 6-d. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
    15  cle and traffic law, as amended by section 6-d of  chapter  222  of  the
    16  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
    17    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    18  or  an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred
    19  seventy-four-a of this chapter or an allegation of liability in  accord-
    20  ance  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or an allega-
    21  tion of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d  of
    22  this  chapter shall be held before a hearing examiner in accordance with
    23  rules and regulations promulgated by the bureau.
    24    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not  guilty  or  a
    25  hearing  at  which  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    26  eleven-d of this chapter is contested or of a hearing at which liability
    27  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    28  or a hearing at  which  liability  in  accordance  with  section  eleven
    29  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter is contested. Recording devices may be
    30  used for the making of the record.
    31    § 6-e. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
    32  cle and traffic law, as amended by section 6-e of  chapter  222  of  the
    33  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
    34    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    35  or  an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred
    36  eleven-e of this chapter or an allegation  of  liability  in  accordance
    37  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter shall be held
    38  before  a  hearing  examiner  in  accordance  with rules and regulations
    39  promulgated by the bureau.
    40    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not  guilty  or  a
    41  hearing  at  which  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    42  eleven-e of this chapter is contested or a hearing at which liability in
    43  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter is
    44  contested.  Recording devices may be used for the making of the record.
    45    § 6-f. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
    46  cle and traffic law, as added by chapter 715 of the laws  of  1972,  are
    47  amended to read as follows:
    48    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    49  or  an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred
    50  seventy-four-a of this chapter shall be held before a  hearing  examiner
    51  in accordance with rules and regulations promulgated by the bureau.
    52    g.  A  record  shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or a
    53  hearing at which liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    54  seventy-four-a  of  this chapter is contested.  Recording devices may be
    55  used for the making of the record.

        S. 4524--A                         17
     1    § 7. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the  vehicle  and  traffic
     2  law,  as  amended  by  section 7 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, are
     3  amended to read as follows:
     4    1.  The  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges,
     5  either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner  deter-
     6  mines  that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine either
     7  the prior  parking  violations  record  or  the  record  of  liabilities
     8  incurred  in  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-a of this
     9  chapter or in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b  of  this
    10  chapter  as  added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,]
    11  and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or  in  accordance  with
    12  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter or in accordance with
    13  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or  in  accordance  with
    14  section  eleven  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or the record of
    15  liabilities incurred  in  accordance  with  section  two  thousand  nine
    16  hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a,
    17  sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c  of  chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the
    18  laws of nineteen hundred fifty of the person charged, or the  record  of
    19  liabilities  incurred in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c
    20  of this chapter, or the record of  liabilities  incurred  in  accordance
    21  with  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of this chapter, as applicable
    22  prior to rendering a final determination. Final determinations  sustain-
    23  ing or dismissing charges shall be entered on a final determination roll
    24  maintained  by  the  bureau  together  with  records showing payment and
    25  nonpayment of penalties.
    26    2. Where an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge  of  a
    27  parking  violation  or  contest an allegation of liability in accordance
    28  with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter  or  in  accordance
    29  with  sections  eleven  hundred  eleven-b  of  this  chapter as added by
    30  sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the
    31  laws of two thousand nine or in accordance with section  eleven  hundred
    32  eleven-d  of  this  chapter or in accordance with section eleven hundred
    33  eleven-e of this chapter or in accordance with  section  eleven  hundred
    34  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter  or  fails to contest an allegation of
    35  liability in accordance with section two thousand nine  hundred  eighty-
    36  five  of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and
    37  sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of  nineteen
    38  hundred fifty, or fails to contest an allegation of liability in accord-
    39  ance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or fails to
    40  contest an allegation of liability in  accordance  with  section  eleven
    41  hundred  eighty-b  of  this  chapter  or fails to appear on a designated
    42  hearing date or subsequent adjourned date or fails after  a  hearing  to
    43  comply  with  the  determination of a hearing examiner, as prescribed by
    44  this article or by rule or regulation of the  bureau,  such  failure  to
    45  plead or contest, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all purposes, an
    46  admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering and entering a
    47  default  judgment  in an amount provided by the rules and regulations of
    48  the  bureau.  However,  after  the  expiration  of  the  original   date
    49  prescribed  for  entering  a  plea  and before a default judgment may be
    50  rendered, in such case the  bureau  shall  pursuant  to  the  applicable
    51  provisions  of  law notify such operator or owner, by such form of first
    52  class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the  violation  charged,
    53  or  liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this
    54  chapter or in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b  of  this
    55  chapter  as  added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,]
    56  and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or  in  accordance  with

        S. 4524--A                         18
     1  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter or in accordance with
     2  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or  in  accordance  with
     3  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter alleged or liabil-
     4  ity  in accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of
     5  the  public  authorities  law  or  sections  sixteen-a,  sixteen-b   and
     6  sixteen-c  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen
     7  hundred fifty alleged or liability in  accordance  with  section  eleven
     8  hundred eleven-c of this chapter or liability in accordance with section
     9  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of this chapter alleged, (2) of the impending
    10  default judgment, (3) that such judgment will be entered  in  the  Civil
    11  Court  of  the  city  in which the bureau has been established, or other
    12  court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of
    13  civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may
    14  be avoided by entering a plea or contesting an allegation  of  liability
    15  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or in
    16  accordance  with  sections  eleven  hundred  eleven-b of this chapter as
    17  added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and  twenty-
    18  two of the laws of two thousand nine or in accordance with section elev-
    19  en hundred eleven-d of this chapter or in accordance with section eleven
    20  hundred  eleven-e  of  this chapter or in accordance with section eleven
    21  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or contesting  an  allegation  of
    22  liability  in  accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty-
    23  five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b  and
    24  sixteen-c  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen
    25  hundred fifty or contesting an allegation  of  liability  in  accordance
    26  with  section  eleven  hundred eleven-c of this chapter or contesting an
    27  allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eight-
    28  y-b of this chapter, as appropriate,  or  making  an  appearance  within
    29  thirty days of the sending of such notice. Pleas entered and allegations
    30  contested  within  that  period shall be in the manner prescribed in the
    31  notice and not subject to additional penalty  or  fee.  Such  notice  of
    32  impending  default judgment shall not be required prior to the rendering
    33  and entry thereof in the case of operators or owners who  are  non-resi-
    34  dents  of  the state of New York. In no case shall a default judgment be
    35  rendered or, where required, a notice of impending default  judgment  be
    36  sent,  more  than  two years after the expiration of the time prescribed
    37  for entering a plea or contesting  an  allegation.  When  a  person  has
    38  demanded  a hearing, no fine or penalty shall be imposed for any reason,
    39  prior to the holding of the hearing. If the hearing examiner shall  make
    40  a  determination on the charges, sustaining them, he or she shall impose
    41  no greater penalty  or  fine  than  those  upon  which  the  person  was
    42  originally charged.
    43    §  7-a. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic
    44  law, as amended by section 7-a of chapter 222 of the laws of  2015,  are
    45  amended to read as follows:
    46    1.  The  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges,
    47  either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner  deter-
    48  mines  that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine either
    49  the prior  parking  violations  record  or  the  record  of  liabilities
    50  incurred  in  accordance  with  sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this
    51  chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters  twenty,  [twenty-one,]
    52  and  twenty-two  of  the laws of two thousand nine or in accordance with
    53  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or  in  accordance  with
    54  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter or in accordance with
    55  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter  of  the  person
    56  charged,  or  the  record  of  liabilities  incurred  in accordance with

        S. 4524--A                         19
     1  section eleven hundred eleven-c  of  this  chapter,  or  the  record  of
     2  liabilities  incurred in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b
     3  of this chapter, as applicable prior to rendering a final determination.
     4  Final  determinations  sustaining or dismissing charges shall be entered
     5  on a final determination roll maintained by  the  bureau  together  with
     6  records showing payment and nonpayment of penalties.
     7    2.  Where  an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a
     8  parking violation or contest an allegation of  liability  in  accordance
     9  with  sections  eleven  hundred  eleven-b  of  this  chapter as added by
    10  sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the
    11  laws of two thousand nine or in accordance with section  eleven  hundred
    12  eleven-d  of  this chapter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred
    13  eleven-e of this chapter, or in accordance with section  eleven  hundred
    14  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter,  or fails to contest an allegation of
    15  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-c  of  this
    16  chapter,  or  fails  to  contest  an allegation of liability incurred in
    17  accordance with section eleven hundred  eighty-b  of  this  chapter,  or
    18  fails  to  appear  on  a designated hearing date or subsequent adjourned
    19  date or fails after a hearing to comply  with  the  determination  of  a
    20  hearing examiner, as prescribed by this article or by rule or regulation
    21  of the bureau, such failure to plead, contest, appear or comply shall be
    22  deemed, for all purposes, an admission of liability and shall be grounds
    23  for  rendering  and entering a default judgment in an amount provided by
    24  the rules and regulations of the bureau. However, after  the  expiration
    25  of the original date prescribed for entering a plea and before a default
    26  judgment  may be rendered, in such case the bureau shall pursuant to the
    27  applicable provisions of law notify such operator or owner, by such form
    28  of first class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of  the  violation
    29  charged,  or  liability  in  accordance  with  sections  eleven  hundred
    30  eleven-b of this chapter, as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen-
    31  ty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or  in
    32  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or in
    33  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter,  or  in
    34  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
    35  or liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of  this
    36  chapter  or liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b
    37  of this chapter alleged, (2) of the impending default judgment, (3) that
    38  such judgment will be entered in the Civil Court of the  city  in  which
    39  the bureau has been established, or other court of civil jurisdiction or
    40  any  other  place  provided  for the entry of civil judgments within the
    41  state of New York, and (4) that a default may be avoided by  entering  a
    42  plea  or  contesting  an  allegation  of  liability  in  accordance with
    43  sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as  added  by  sections
    44  sixteen  of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of
    45  two thousand nine or in accordance with section eleven hundred  eleven-d
    46  of this chapter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of
    47  this   chapter,   or   in   accordance   with   section  eleven  hundred
    48  seventy-four-a of this chapter, or contesting an allegation of liability
    49  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of  this  chapter  or
    50  contesting  an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven
    51  hundred eighty-b of this chapter as appropriate, or making an appearance
    52  within thirty days of the sending of  such  notice.  Pleas  entered  and
    53  allegations  contested  within  that  period  shall  be  in  the  manner
    54  prescribed in the notice and not subject to additional penalty  or  fee.
    55  Such notice of impending default judgment shall not be required prior to
    56  the  rendering  and entry thereof in the case of operators or owners who

        S. 4524--A                         20
     1  are non-residents of the state of New York. In no case shall  a  default
     2  judgment  be  rendered or, where required, a notice of impending default
     3  judgment be sent, more than two years after the expiration of  the  time
     4  prescribed  for  entering  a  plea  or  contesting an allegation. When a
     5  person has demanded a hearing, no fine or penalty shall be  imposed  for
     6  any reason, prior to the holding of the hearing. If the hearing examiner
     7  shall  make  a  determination on the charges, sustaining them, he or she
     8  shall impose no greater penalty or fine than those upon which the person
     9  was originally charged.
    10    § 7-b. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and  traffic
    11  law,  as  amended by section 7-b of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, are
    12  amended to read as follows:
    13    1. The hearing examiner shall make a  determination  on  the  charges,
    14  either  sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner deter-
    15  mines that the charges have been sustained he or  she  may  examine  the
    16  prior parking violations record or the record of liabilities incurred in
    17  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter of the
    18  person charged, or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with
    19  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter  of  the  person
    20  charged,  or  the  record  of  liabilities  incurred  in accordance with
    21  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter of the  person  charged,
    22  or  the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with section eleven
    23  hundred eleven-c of this chapter, or the record of liabilities  incurred
    24  in  accordance  with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, as
    25  applicable, prior to rendering a  final  determination.  Final  determi-
    26  nations  sustaining  or  dismissing  charges shall be entered on a final
    27  determination roll maintained by the bureau together with records  show-
    28  ing payment and nonpayment of penalties.
    29    2.  Where  an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a
    30  parking violation or contest an allegation of  liability  in  accordance
    31  with  section  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or contest
    32  an allegation of liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    33  eleven-e  of  this  chapter,  or  contest  an allegation of liability in
    34  accordance with section eleven hundred  eleven-d  of  this  chapter,  or
    35  fails  to  contest an allegation of liability in accordance with section
    36  eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter, or fails to contest an  allega-
    37  tion  of  liability  incurred  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    38  eighty-b of this chapter, or fails to appear  on  a  designated  hearing
    39  date  or  subsequent  adjourned  date or fails after a hearing to comply
    40  with the determination of a hearing  examiner,  as  prescribed  by  this
    41  article  or  by rule or regulation of the bureau, such failure to plead,
    42  appear or comply shall be deemed, for  all  purposes,  an  admission  of
    43  liability  and  shall  be  grounds  for rendering and entering a default
    44  judgment in an amount provided by  the  rules  and  regulations  of  the
    45  bureau.  However,  after  the expiration of the original date prescribed
    46  for entering a plea and before a default judgment may  be  rendered,  in
    47  such  case the bureau shall pursuant to the applicable provisions of law
    48  notify such operator or owner, by such form of first class mail  as  the
    49  commission  may  direct;  (1)  of the violation charged, or liability in
    50  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter,
    51  or  liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this
    52  chapter, or liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d
    53  of this chapter, or alleged liability in accordance with section  eleven
    54  hundred eleven-c of this chapter or alleged liability in accordance with
    55  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b of this chapter, (2) of the impending
    56  default judgment, (3) that such judgment will be entered  in  the  Civil

        S. 4524--A                         21
     1  Court  of  the  city  in which the bureau has been established, or other
     2  court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of
     3  civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may
     4  be  avoided  by entering a plea or contesting an allegation of liability
     5  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
     6  or contesting an allegation of  liability  in  accordance  with  section
     7  eleven  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter or contesting an allegation of
     8  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-d  of  this
     9  chapter  or  contesting  an  allegation  of liability in accordance with
    10  section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or contesting an allega-
    11  tion of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b  of
    12  this  chapter  or making an appearance within thirty days of the sending
    13  of such notice. Pleas entered within that period shall be in the  manner
    14  prescribed  in  the notice and not subject to additional penalty or fee.
    15  Such notice of impending default judgment shall not be required prior to
    16  the rendering and entry thereof in the case of operators or  owners  who
    17  are  non-residents  of the state of New York. In no case shall a default
    18  judgment be rendered or, where required, a notice of  impending  default
    19  judgment  be  sent, more than two years after the expiration of the time
    20  prescribed for entering a plea.  When a person has demanded  a  hearing,
    21  no fine or penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to the holding
    22  of  the  hearing.  If the hearing examiner shall make a determination on
    23  the charges, sustaining them, he or she shall impose no greater  penalty
    24  or fine than those upon which the person was originally charged.
    25    §  7-c. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic
    26  law, as amended by section 7-c of chapter 222 of the laws of  2015,  are
    27  amended to read as follows:
    28    1.  The  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges,
    29  either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner  deter-
    30  mines  that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine either
    31  the prior  parking  violations  record  or  the  record  of  liabilities
    32  incurred  in  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-d of this
    33  chapter of the person charged, or the record of liabilities incurred  in
    34  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter of
    35  the  person charged, or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance
    36  with section eleven hundred eleven-e  of  this  chapter  of  the  person
    37  charged or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with section
    38  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, as applicable, prior to render-
    39  ing a final determination. Final determinations sustaining or dismissing
    40  charges shall be entered on a final determination roll maintained by the
    41  bureau  together  with  records showing payment and nonpayment of penal-
    42  ties.
    43    2. Where an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge  of  a
    44  parking  violation  or  contest an allegation of liability in accordance
    45  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,  or  contest
    46  an  allegation  of  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    47  eleven-e of this chapter  or  contest  an  allegation  of  liability  in
    48  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or fails
    49  to  contest  an  allegation  of  liability  incurred  in accordance with
    50  section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter or fails to appear on  a
    51  designated  hearing  date  or subsequent adjourned date or fails after a
    52  hearing to comply with the  determination  of  a  hearing  examiner,  as
    53  prescribed  by this article or by rule or regulation of the bureau, such
    54  failure to plead, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all purposes, an
    55  admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering and entering a
    56  default judgment in an amount provided by the rules and  regulations  of

        S. 4524--A                         22
     1  the   bureau.  However,  after  the  expiration  of  the  original  date
     2  prescribed for entering a plea and before  a  default  judgment  may  be
     3  rendered,  in  such  case  the  bureau  shall pursuant to the applicable
     4  provisions  of  law notify such operator or owner, by such form of first
     5  class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation charged or
     6  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of
     7  this  chapter  or  liability  in  accordance with section eleven hundred
     8  eleven-e of this chapter or liability in accordance with section  eleven
     9  hundred eleven-d of this chapter or liability in accordance with section
    10  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of this chapter alleged, (2) of the impending
    11  default judgment, (3) that such judgment will be entered  in  the  Civil
    12  Court  of  the  city  in which the bureau has been established, or other
    13  court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of
    14  civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may
    15  be avoided by entering a plea or contesting an allegation  of  liability
    16  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    17  or  contesting  an  allegation  of  liability in accordance with section
    18  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or contesting an  allegation  of
    19  liability  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this
    20  chapter or contesting an allegation  of  liability  in  accordance  with
    21  section  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter or making an appearance
    22  within thirty days of the sending of such notice. Pleas  entered  within
    23  that  period  shall  be  in  the manner prescribed in the notice and not
    24  subject to additional penalty or fee. Such notice of  impending  default
    25  judgment  shall not be required prior to the rendering and entry thereof
    26  in the case of operators or owners who are non-residents of the state of
    27  New York. In no case shall a default  judgment  be  rendered  or,  where
    28  required,  a notice of impending default judgment be sent, more than two
    29  years after the expiration of the time prescribed for entering  a  plea.
    30  When  a  person  has  demanded  a  hearing,  no fine or penalty shall be
    31  imposed for any reason, prior to the holding  of  the  hearing.  If  the
    32  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges, sustaining
    33  them, he shall impose no greater penalty or fine than those  upon  which
    34  the person was originally charged.
    35    §  7-d. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic
    36  law, as amended by section 7-d of chapter 222 of the laws of  2015,  are
    37  amended to read as follows:
    38    1.  The  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges,
    39  either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner  deter-
    40  mines  that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine either
    41  the prior  parking  violations  record  or  the  record  of  liabilities
    42  incurred  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of
    43  this chapter of the person charged or the record of liabilities incurred
    44  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of  this  chapter  of
    45  the  person  charged or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance
    46  with section eleven hundred eleven-d  of  this  chapter  of  the  person
    47  charged, as applicable, prior to rendering a final determination.  Final
    48  determinations  sustaining  or  dismissing charges shall be entered on a
    49  final determination roll maintained by the bureau together with  records
    50  showing payment and nonpayment of penalties.
    51    2.  Where  an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a
    52  parking violation or contest an allegation of  liability  in  accordance
    53  with  section  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or contest
    54  an allegation of liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    55  eleven-e  of  this  chapter  or  contest  an  allegation of liability in
    56  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or fails

        S. 4524--A                         23
     1  to appear on a designated hearing date or subsequent adjourned  date  or
     2  fails  after  a  hearing  to  comply with the determination of a hearing
     3  examiner, as prescribed by this article or by rule or regulation of  the
     4  bureau, such failure to plead, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all
     5  purposes,  an  admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering
     6  and entering a default judgment in an amount provided by the  rules  and
     7  regulations of the bureau. However, after the expiration of the original
     8  date prescribed for entering a plea and before a default judgment may be
     9  rendered,  in  such  case  the  bureau  shall pursuant to the applicable
    10  provisions of law notify such operator or owner, by such form  of  first
    11  class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation charged or
    12  liability  in  accordance  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of
    13  this chapter or liability in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    14  eleven-e of this chapter alleged or liability in accordance with section
    15  eleven  hundred  eleven-d  of this chapter alleged, (2) of the impending
    16  default judgment, (3) that such judgment will be entered  in  the  Civil
    17  Court  of  the  city  in which the bureau has been established, or other
    18  court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of
    19  civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may
    20  be avoided by entering a plea or contesting an allegation  of  liability
    21  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    22  or  contesting  an  allegation  of  liability in accordance with section
    23  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or contesting an  allegation  of
    24  liability  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this
    25  chapter or making an appearance within thirty days  of  the  sending  of
    26  such  notice.    Pleas entered within that period shall be in the manner
    27  prescribed in the notice and not subject to additional penalty  or  fee.
    28  Such notice of impending default judgment shall not be required prior to
    29  the  rendering  and entry thereof in the case of operators or owners who
    30  are non-residents of the state of New York. In no case shall  a  default
    31  judgment  be  rendered or, where required, a notice of impending default
    32  judgment be sent, more than two years after the expiration of  the  time
    33  prescribed for entering a plea. When a person has demanded a hearing, no
    34  fine or penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to the holding of
    35  the  hearing.  If the hearing examiner shall make a determination on the
    36  charges, sustaining them, he shall impose no  greater  penalty  or  fine
    37  than those upon which the person was originally charged.
    38    §  7-e. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic
    39  law, as amended by section 7-e of chapter 222 of the laws of  2015,  are
    40  amended to read as follows:
    41    1.  The  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges,
    42  either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner  deter-
    43  mines  that  the  charges  have been sustained he or she may examine the
    44  prior parking violations record or the record of liabilities incurred in
    45  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter  of  the
    46  person  charged, as applicable, prior to rendering a final determination
    47  or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with section  eleven
    48  hundred  seventy-four-a of this chapter of the person charged, as appli-
    49  cable, prior to rendering a final determination.   Final  determinations
    50  sustaining  or  dismissing  charges shall be entered on a final determi-
    51  nation roll maintained by  the  bureau  together  with  records  showing
    52  payment and nonpayment of penalties.
    53    2.  Where  an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a
    54  parking violation or contest an allegation of  liability  in  accordance
    55  with  section  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or contest
    56  an allegation of liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred

        S. 4524--A                         24
     1  eleven-e of this chapter or fails to appear on a designated hearing date
     2  or subsequent adjourned date or fails after a hearing to comply with the
     3  determination of a hearing examiner, as prescribed by this article or by
     4  rule  or  regulation  of  the  bureau,  such failure to plead, appear or
     5  comply shall be deemed, for all purposes, an admission of liability  and
     6  shall  be  grounds  for  rendering and entering a default judgment in an
     7  amount provided by the rules and regulations  of  the  bureau.  However,
     8  after the expiration of the original date prescribed for entering a plea
     9  and  before  a default judgment may be rendered, in such case the bureau
    10  shall pursuant to the applicable provisions of law notify such  operator
    11  or owner, by such form of first class mail as the commission may direct;
    12  (1)  of  the  violation  charged or liability in accordance with section
    13  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter alleged or liability in  accord-
    14  ance  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, (2) of
    15  the impending default judgment, (3) that such judgment will  be  entered
    16  in the Civil Court of the city in which the bureau has been established,
    17  or other court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the
    18  entry  of  civil  judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a
    19  default may be avoided by entering a plea or contesting an allegation of
    20  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of  this
    21  chapter  or  contesting  an  allegation  of liability in accordance with
    22  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter  or  making  an
    23  appearance  within  thirty  days  of  the  sending of such notice. Pleas
    24  entered within that period shall be in  the  manner  prescribed  in  the
    25  notice  and  not  subject  to  additional penalty or fee. Such notice of
    26  impending default judgment shall not be required prior to the  rendering
    27  and  entry  thereof in the case of operators or owners who are non-resi-
    28  dents of the state of New York. In no case shall a default  judgment  be
    29  rendered  or,  where required, a notice of impending default judgment be
    30  sent, more than two years after the expiration of  the  time  prescribed
    31  for  entering  a plea.  When a person has demanded a hearing, no fine or
    32  penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to  the  holding  of  the
    33  hearing.  If  the  hearing  examiner  shall  make a determination on the
    34  charges, sustaining them, he shall impose no  greater  penalty  or  fine
    35  than those upon which the person was originally charged.
    36    §  7-f. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic
    37  law, subdivision 1 as added by chapter 715  of  the  laws  of  1972  and
    38  subdivision 2 as amended by chapter 365 of the laws of 1978, are amended
    39  to read as follows:
    40    1.  The  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges,
    41  either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner  deter-
    42  mines  that  the  charges  have been sustained he or she may examine the
    43  prior parking violations record or the record of liabilities incurred in
    44  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter of
    45  the person charged, as applicable, prior to rendering a  final  determi-
    46  nation.  Final  determinations sustaining or dismissing charges shall be
    47  entered on a final determination roll maintained by the bureau  together
    48  with records showing payment and nonpayment of penalties.
    49    2.  Where  an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a
    50  parking violation or contest an allegation of  liability  in  accordance
    51  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or fails to
    52  appear on a designated hearing date  or  subsequent  adjourned  date  or
    53  fails  after  a  hearing  to  comply with the determination of a hearing
    54  examiner, as prescribed by this article or by rule or regulation of  the
    55  bureau, such failure to plead, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all
    56  purposes,  an  admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering

        S. 4524--A                         25
     1  and entering a default judgment in an amount provided by the  rules  and
     2  regulations of the bureau. However, after the expiration of the original
     3  date prescribed for entering a plea and before a default judgment may be
     4  rendered,  in  such  case  the  bureau  shall pursuant to the applicable
     5  provisions of law notify such operator or owner, by such form  of  first
     6  class  mail  as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation charged,
     7  (2) of the impending default judgment, (3) that such  judgment  will  be
     8  entered  in  the  Civil  Court  of the city in which the bureau has been
     9  established, or other court of civil jurisdiction  or  any  other  place
    10  provided  for the entry of civil judgments within the state of New York,
    11  and (4) that a default may be avoided by entering a plea  or  making  an
    12  appearance  within  thirty  days  of  the  sending of such notice. Pleas
    13  entered within that period shall be in  the  manner  prescribed  in  the
    14  notice  and  not  subject  to  additional penalty or fee. Such notice of
    15  impending default judgment shall not be required prior to the  rendering
    16  and  entry  thereof in the case of operators or owners who are non-resi-
    17  dents of the state of New York. In no case shall a default  judgment  be
    18  rendered  or,  where required, a notice of impending default judgment be
    19  sent, more than two years after the expiration of  the  time  prescribed
    20  for  entering  a  plea. When a person has demanded a hearing, no fine or
    21  penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to  the  holding  of  the
    22  hearing.  If  the  hearing  examiner  shall  make a determination on the
    23  charges, sustaining them, he shall impose no  greater  penalty  or  fine
    24  than those upon which the person was originally charged.
    25    §  8.  The  vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a new section
    26  1174-a to read as follows:
    27    § 1174-a. Owner liability for operator illegally overtaking or passing
    28  a school bus. (a) 1.  Notwithstanding any other provision of  law,  each
    29  board of education or trustees of a school district is hereby authorized
    30  and  empowered to adopt and amend a resolution establishing a school bus
    31  safety camera program imposing monetary liability  on  the  owner  of  a
    32  vehicle for failure of an operator thereof to comply with section eleven
    33  hundred seventy-four of this article. Such program shall empower a board
    34  of  education or school district or school bus transportation contractor
    35  that has contracted with such school  district  to  install  school  bus
    36  safety  cameras  upon  school  buses operated by or contracted with such
    37  district.  Provided further, notwithstanding any other provision of law,
    38  a county, city, town, village or hamlet located within a school district
    39  ("district") is hereby authorized and directed  to  adopt  and  amend  a
    40  local  law or ordinance prior to authorizing a school district to estab-
    41  lish a demonstration program imposing monetary liability on the owner of
    42  a vehicle for failure of an operator  thereof  to  comply  with  section
    43  eleven  hundred  seventy-four  of this article when meeting a school bus
    44  marked and equipped as provided in subdivisions twenty and  twenty-one-c
    45  of  section  three  hundred seventy-five of this chapter and operated in
    46  such county, city, town or village, in accordance with the provisions of
    47  this section. Such  program  shall  empower  such  county,  city,  town,
    48  village or hamlet to authorize school districts to contract with a third
    49  party  to install and operate school bus safety camera systems which may
    50  be stationary or mobile, and which may  be  installed,  pursuant  to  an
    51  agreement with a school district within such county, city, town, village
    52  or  hamlet on school buses owned and operated by such school district or
    53  privately owned and operated for compensation under contract  with  such
    54  district.
    55    2. Such program shall utilize necessary technologies to ensure, to the
    56  extent  practicable, that photographs produced by such school bus safety

        S. 4524--A                         26
     1  cameras shall not include images that identify the driver,  the  passen-
     2  gers, or the contents of the vehicle.  Provided, however, that no notice
     3  of  liability  issued pursuant to this section shall be dismissed solely
     4  because  a photograph or photographs allow for the identification of the
     5  contents of a vehicle, provided that such school  district  has  made  a
     6  reasonable effort to comply with the provisions of this paragraph.
     7    (b)  In any school district which has adopted a resolution pursuant to
     8  subdivision (a) of this section, the owner of a vehicle shall be  liable
     9  for  a penalty imposed pursuant to this section if such vehicle was used
    10  or operated with the permission of the owner,  express  or  implied,  in
    11  violation  of  subdivision (a) of section eleven hundred seventy-four of
    12  this article, and such violation is evidenced  by  information  obtained
    13  from  a  school  bus  safety camera; provided however that no owner of a
    14  vehicle shall be liable for a penalty imposed pursuant to  this  section
    15  where  the operator of such vehicle has been convicted of the underlying
    16  violation of subdivision (a) of section eleven hundred  seventy-four  of
    17  this article.
    18    (c)  For  purposes  of  this  section,  "owner" shall have the meaning
    19  provided in article two-B of this chapter. For purposes of this section,
    20  "school bus safety camera" shall  mean  an  automated  photo  monitoring
    21  device affixed to the outside of a school bus and designed to detect and
    22  store  videotape  and one or more images of motor vehicles that overtake
    23  or pass school buses in violation of subdivision (a) of  section  eleven
    24  hundred seventy-four of this article.
    25    (d)  No  school  district or school bus transportation contractor that
    26  has installed cameras pursuant to this section shall access  the  images
    27  from  such  cameras but shall provide, pursuant to an agreement with the
    28  appropriate law enforcement agency or agencies, for the proper  handling
    29  and  custody  of such images for the forwarding of such images from such
    30  cameras to a law enforcement agency having jurisdiction in the  area  in
    31  which  the  violation  occurred  for  the  purpose  of imposing monetary
    32  liability on the owner of a motor vehicle for  illegally  overtaking  or
    33  passing  a  school bus in violation of subdivision (a) of section eleven
    34  hundred seventy-four of this article. After receipt  of  such  images  a
    35  police  officer  shall  inspect  such  videotape and images to determine
    36  whether a violation of subdivision (a) of section eleven hundred  seven-
    37  ty-four  of  this  article  was committed. Upon such a finding a certif-
    38  icate, sworn to or affirmed by an officer of such agency, or a facsimile
    39  thereof, based upon inspection of photographs,  microphotographs,  vide-
    40  otape  or  other recorded images produced by a school bus safety camera,
    41  shall be prima facie evidence of the facts contained therein. Any photo-
    42  graphs, microphotographs, videotape or other recorded images  evidencing
    43  such  a violation shall be available for inspection in any proceeding to
    44  adjudicate the liability for such violation.
    45    (e) An owner found liable pursuant to this section for a violation  of
    46  subdivision  (a)  of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article
    47  shall be liable for a monetary penalty of two hundred fifty dollars.
    48    (e-1) Payment of the monetary penalty imposed by  subdivision  (e)  of
    49  this  section  shall  be  payable  to the county, city, town, village or
    50  hamlet located within the school district.  Nothing herein shall prevent
    51  the county, city, town, village or  hamlet  located  within  the  school
    52  district  from  entering  into  a  memorandum  of understanding with the
    53  school district and local law enforcement agency to return a portion  of
    54  such  penalty  received to the school district and local law enforcement
    55  agency, provided however, in no case shall such portion  returned  to  a
    56  local  law  enforcement  agency  exceed  twenty  percent  of  the amount

        S. 4524--A                         27
     1  received by the county, city, town, village or hamlet located within the
     2  school district.
     3    (f)  An imposition of liability under this section shall not be deemed
     4  a conviction as an operator and shall not be made part of the  operating
     5  record of the person upon whom such liability is imposed nor shall it be
     6  used  for insurance purposes in the provision of motor vehicle insurance
     7  coverage.
     8    (g) 1. A notice of liability shall  be  sent  by  the  respective  law
     9  enforcement  agency  by  first  class  mail to each person alleged to be
    10  liable as an owner for a violation of subdivision (a) of section  eleven
    11  hundred  seventy-four of this article pursuant to this section. Personal
    12  delivery on the owner shall not  be  required.  A  manual  or  automatic
    13  record  of  mailing prepared in the ordinary course of business shall be
    14  prima facie evidence of the facts contained therein.
    15    2. A notice of liability shall contain the name  and  address  of  the
    16  person  alleged  to be liable as an owner for a violation of subdivision
    17  (a) of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article  pursuant  to
    18  this  section,  the  registration number of the vehicle involved in such
    19  violation, the location where such violation took place,  the  date  and
    20  time of such violation and the identification number of the camera which
    21  recorded the violation or other document locator number.
    22    3.  The  notice  of  liability  shall contain information advising the
    23  person charged of the manner and the time in which he  may  contest  the
    24  liability  alleged  in  the  notice. Such notice of liability shall also
    25  contain a warning to advise the persons charged that failure to  contest
    26  in  the manner and time provided shall be deemed an admission of liabil-
    27  ity and that a default judgment may be entered thereon.
    28    4. The notice of liability shall be prepared and mailed by the respec-
    29  tive law enforcement agency having jurisdiction over the location  where
    30  the violation occurred.
    31    (h)  Adjudication of the liability imposed upon owners by this section
    32  shall be by a traffic violations bureau established pursuant to  section
    33  three hundred seventy of the general municipal law or, if there be none,
    34  by  the  court having jurisdiction over traffic infractions, except that
    35  any city which has established or designated an administrative  tribunal
    36  to hear and determine owner liability established by article twenty-four
    37  of  this  chapter for failure to comply with traffic-control indications
    38  shall use such tribunal to adjudicate  the  liability  imposed  by  this
    39  section.
    40    (i)  If  an  owner  receives  a  notice  of liability pursuant to this
    41  section for any time period during which the vehicle was reported  to  a
    42  police  department as having been stolen, it shall be a valid defense to
    43  an allegation of liability for a violation of subdivision (a) of section
    44  eleven hundred seventy-four of this article  pursuant  to  this  section
    45  that  the vehicle had been reported to the police as stolen prior to the
    46  time the violation occurred and had not been recovered by such time. For
    47  purposes of asserting the defense provided by this subdivision it  shall
    48  be  sufficient  that a certified copy of the police report on the stolen
    49  vehicle be sent by first class mail to the  traffic  violations  bureau,
    50  court having jurisdiction or parking violations bureau.
    51    (j)  Where  the adjudication of liability imposed upon owners pursuant
    52  to this section is by an  administrative  tribunal,  traffic  violations
    53  bureau,  or  a  court having jurisdiction, an owner who is a lessor of a
    54  vehicle to which a notice of liability was issued pursuant  to  subdivi-
    55  sion (g) of this section shall not be liable for the violation of subdi-
    56  vision  (a)  of  section  eleven  hundred  seventy-four of this article,

        S. 4524--A                         28
     1  provided that he or she sends to the  administrative  tribunal,  traffic
     2  violations  bureau,  or  court having jurisdiction a copy of the rental,
     3  lease or other such contract document covering such vehicle on the  date
     4  of  the violation, with the name and address of the lessee clearly legi-
     5  ble, within thirty-seven days after receiving notice from the bureau  or
     6  court  of  the  date and time of such violation, together with the other
     7  information contained in the original notice of  liability.  Failure  to
     8  send  such  information  within  such thirty-seven day time period shall
     9  render the owner liable for the  penalty  prescribed  by  this  section.
    10  Where  the  lessor complies with the provisions of this subdivision, the
    11  lessee of such vehicle on the date of such violation shall be deemed  to
    12  be  the  owner  of  such  vehicle for purposes of this section, shall be
    13  subject to liability for the violation of  subdivision  (a)  of  section
    14  eleven hundred seventy-four of this article pursuant to this section and
    15  shall  be sent a notice of liability pursuant to subdivision (g) of this
    16  section.
    17    (k) 1. If the owner liable for  a  violation  of  subdivision  (a)  of
    18  section  eleven  hundred  seventy-four  of this article pursuant to this
    19  section was not  the  operator  of  the  vehicle  at  the  time  of  the
    20  violation,  the owner may maintain an action for indemnification against
    21  the operator.
    22    2. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, no owner of  a
    23  vehicle  shall  be  subject  to a monetary fine imposed pursuant to this
    24  section if the operator of such vehicle was operating such vehicle with-
    25  out the consent of the owner at the time such operator was found to have
    26  been overtaking or passing a school bus. For purposes of  this  subdivi-
    27  sion  there shall be a presumption that the operator of such vehicle was
    28  operating such vehicle with the consent of the owner at  the  time  such
    29  operator was found to have been overtaking or passing a school bus.
    30    (l)  Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the liability
    31  of an operator of a vehicle for any  violation  of  subdivision  (a)  of
    32  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article.
    33    (m)  In  any  school  district which adopts a school bus safety camera
    34  program pursuant  to  subdivision  (a)  of  this  section,  such  school
    35  district  shall submit an annual report on the results of the use of its
    36  school bus safety cameras to the governor, the  temporary  president  of
    37  the  senate and the speaker of the assembly on or before June first, two
    38  thousand nineteen and on the same date in each succeeding year in  which
    39  the  program  is operable. Such report shall include, but not be limited
    40  to:
    41    1. a description of the number of buses and routes  where  school  bus
    42  safety cameras were used;
    43    2.  the  aggregate  number, type and severity of accidents reported at
    44  locations where school bus cameras are used, to the extent the  informa-
    45  tion is maintained by the department of motor vehicles in this state;
    46    3.  the aggregate number of annual incidents of violations of subdivi-
    47  sion (a) of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this  article  within
    48  the district;
    49    4.  the  number of violations recorded by school bus safety cameras in
    50  the aggregate and on a daily, weekly and monthly basis;
    51    5. the total number of notices  of  liability  issued  for  violations
    52  recorded by such cameras;
    53    6.  the  number  of  fines  and total amount of fines paid after first
    54  notice of liability issued for violations recorded by such cameras;

        S. 4524--A                         29
     1    7. the number of violations adjudicated and results  of  such  adjudi-
     2  cations   including  breakdowns  of  dispositions  made  for  violations
     3  recorded by such cameras;
     4    8. the total amount of revenue realized by such city, town, village or
     5  hamlet from such adjudications;
     6    9.  expenses  incurred  by such city, town, village, hamlet, or school
     7  district in connection with the program;
     8    10. quality of the adjudication process and its results; and
     9    11. a description of public education  activities  conducted  to  warn
    10  motorists of the dangers of overtaking and passing stopped school buses.
    11    (n) It shall be a defense to any prosecution for a violation of subdi-
    12  vision  (a)  of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article that
    13  such school bus safety cameras were malfunctioning at the  time  of  the
    14  alleged violation.
    15    §  9.  The  opening  paragraph  and  paragraph (c) of subdivision 1 of
    16  section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 10 of
    17  chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
    18    Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of  this
    19  state  result  in  a  conviction  for an offense under this chapter or a
    20  traffic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule
    21  or  regulation  adopted  pursuant  to this chapter, other than a traffic
    22  infraction involving standing, stopping, or  parking  or  violations  by
    23  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication of liability of
    24  an  owner  for  a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    25  eleven of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    26  eleven-a  of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of
    27  an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of  section  eleven  hundred
    28  eleven  of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred
    29  eleven-b of this chapter, or other than an  adjudication  in  accordance
    30  with  section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of
    31  a bus lane restriction as defined in such  section,  or  other  than  an
    32  adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d)
    33  of  section  eleven  hundred  eleven  of this chapter in accordance with
    34  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or other than an  adju-
    35  dication  of  liability  of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b),
    36  (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in
    37  accordance with section eleven hundred  eighty-b  of  this  chapter,  or
    38  other  than  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of
    39  subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven  hundred  eighty
    40  of  this  chapter  in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of
    41  this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for
    42  a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of  this
    43  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
    44  ter,  or  other  than  an  adjudication  of  liability of an owner for a
    45  violation of section eleven hundred  seventy-four  of  this  chapter  in
    46  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
    47  there shall be levied a crime victim  assistance  fee  and  a  mandatory
    48  surcharge,  in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in
    49  accordance with the following schedule:
    50    (c) Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a  court  of
    51  this  state  result  in  a  conviction for an offense under this chapter
    52  other than a crime pursuant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this
    53  chapter, or a traffic infraction under this chapter,  or  a  local  law,
    54  ordinance,  rule  or  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, other
    55  than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping,  or  parking  or
    56  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication

        S. 4524--A                         30
     1  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d)  of  section
     2  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
     3  hundred eleven-a of this chapter,  or  other  than  an  adjudication  of
     4  liability  of  an  owner  for  a violation of subdivision (d) of section
     5  eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven
     6  hundred  eleven-b  of  this  chapter,  or  other than an adjudication of
     7  liability of an owner for a violation  of  subdivision  (d)  of  section
     8  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
     9  hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or other than an  infraction  pursuant
    10  to article nine of this chapter or other than an adjudication of liabil-
    11  ity  of an owner for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant
    12  to section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public  authori-
    13  ties law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven
    14  hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty or other than
    15  an  adjudication  in  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of
    16  this chapter for a violation of a bus lane  restriction  as  defined  in
    17  such section, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for
    18  a  violation  of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven
    19  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    20  eighty-b of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability  of
    21  an  owner  for  a  violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of
    22  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section
    23  eleven hundred eighty-c of this chapter, or other than  an  adjudication
    24  of  liability  of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    25  eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven
    26  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter,  or  other than an adjudication of
    27  liability of an owner for a violation of section eleven  hundred  seven-
    28  ty-four of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    29  ty-four-a  of this chapter, there shall be levied a crime victim assist-
    30  ance fee in the amount of five dollars and  a  mandatory  surcharge,  in
    31  addition  to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of
    32  fifty-five dollars.
    33    § 9-a. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and  traffic  law,
    34  as  amended  by  section  10-a  of  chapter  222 of the laws of 2015, is
    35  amended to read as follows:
    36    1. Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or  a  court  of
    37  this  state  result  in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a
    38  traffic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule
    39  or  regulation  adopted  pursuant  to this chapter, other than a traffic
    40  infraction involving standing, stopping, parking or motor vehicle equip-
    41  ment or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an  adju-
    42  dication  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of
    43  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    44  eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or other than  an  adjudication
    45  of  liability  of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    46  eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven
    47  hundred  eleven-b  of  this  chapter,  or  other than an adjudication in
    48  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this  chapter  for  a
    49  violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, or other
    50  than  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdi-
    51  vision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter  in  accord-
    52  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or other than
    53  an  adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision
    54  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    55  ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this  chapter,
    56  or  other  than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation

        S. 4524--A                         31
     1  of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f)  or  (g)  of  section  eleven  hundred
     2  eighty  of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eight-
     3  y-c of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of  liability  of  an
     4  owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred elev-
     5  en of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of
     6  this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for
     7  a  violation  of  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter in
     8  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter,
     9  there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence
    10  required or permitted by law, in the amount of twenty-five dollars.
    11    §  9-b.  Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
    12  as amended by section 10-b of chapter  222  of  the  laws  of  2015,  is
    13  amended to read as follows:
    14    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
    15  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
    16  traffic  infraction  under  this chapter other than a traffic infraction
    17  involving standing, stopping, parking  or  motor  vehicle  equipment  or
    18  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    19  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a
    20  violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, or other
    21  than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of  subdi-
    22  vision  (d)  of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accord-
    23  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or other than
    24  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of  subdivision
    25  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    26  ter  in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter,
    27  or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for  a  violation
    28  of  subdivision  (b),  (c),  (d),  (f)  or (g) of section eleven hundred
    29  eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred  eight-
    30  y-c  of  this  chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an
    31  owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred elev-
    32  en of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of
    33  this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for
    34  a violation of section eleven hundred seventy-four of  this  chapter  in
    35  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
    36  there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence
    37  required or permitted by law, in the amount of seventeen dollars.
    38    § 9-c. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and  traffic  law,
    39  as  amended  by  section  10-c  of  chapter  222 of the laws of 2015, is
    40  amended to read as follows:
    41    1. Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or  a  court  of
    42  this  state  result  in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a
    43  traffic infraction under this chapter other than  a  traffic  infraction
    44  involving  standing,  stopping,  parking  or  motor vehicle equipment or
    45  violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than  an  adjudication
    46  of  liability  of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d),
    47  (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter  in  accord-
    48  ance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, or other than
    49  an  adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision
    50  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    51  ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of this  chapter,
    52  or  other  than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation
    53  of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this  chapter  in
    54  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter, or
    55  other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a  violation  of
    56  subdivision  (d)  of  section  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in

        S. 4524--A                         32
     1  accordance with section eleven hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter,  or
     2  other  than  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of
     3  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter in  accordance  with
     4  section  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a of this chapter, there shall be
     5  levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any  sentence  required  or
     6  permitted by law, in the amount of seventeen dollars.
     7    §  9-d.  Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
     8  as amended by section 10-d of chapter  222  of  the  laws  of  2015,  is
     9  amended to read as follows:
    10    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
    11  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
    12  traffic  infraction  under  this chapter other than a traffic infraction
    13  involving standing, stopping, parking  or  motor  vehicle  equipment  or
    14  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    15  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b),  (c),  (d),
    16  (f)  or  (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accord-
    17  ance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of this chapter, or other than
    18  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of  subdivision
    19  (d)  of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with
    20  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or other than an  adju-
    21  dication  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of
    22  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    23  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or other than  an  adjudication
    24  of  liability  of  an  owner  for  a violation of section eleven hundred
    25  seventy-four of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven  hundred
    26  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter,  there  shall  be  levied a mandatory
    27  surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law,  in
    28  the amount of seventeen dollars.
    29    §  9-e.  Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
    30  as amended by section 10-e of chapter  222  of  the  laws  of  2015,  is
    31  amended to read as follows:
    32    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
    33  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
    34  traffic  infraction  under  this chapter other than a traffic infraction
    35  involving standing, stopping, parking  or  motor  vehicle  equipment  or
    36  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    37  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d)  of  section
    38  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
    39  hundred eleven-d of this chapter,  or  other  than  an  adjudication  of
    40  liability  of  an  owner  for  a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    41  eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven
    42  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter,  or  other than an adjudication of
    43  liability of an owner for a violation of section eleven  hundred  seven-
    44  ty-four of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    45  ty-four-a  of this chapter, there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge,
    46  in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the  amount
    47  of seventeen dollars.
    48    §  9-f.  Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
    49  as amended by section 10-f of chapter  222  of  the  laws  of  2015,  is
    50  amended to read as follows:
    51    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
    52  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
    53  traffic  infraction  under  this chapter other than a traffic infraction
    54  involving standing, stopping, parking  or  motor  vehicle  equipment  or
    55  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    56  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d)  of  section

        S. 4524--A                         33
     1  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
     2  hundred eleven-e of this chapter,  or  other  than  an  adjudication  of
     3  liability  of  an owner for a violation of section eleven hundred seven-
     4  ty-four of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
     5  ty-four-a  of this chapter, there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge,
     6  in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the  amount
     7  of seventeen dollars.
     8    §  9-g.  Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
     9  as separately amended by chapter 16 of the laws of 1983 and  chapter  62
    10  of the laws of 1989, is amended to read as follows:
    11    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
    12  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
    13  traffic  infraction  under  this chapter other than a traffic infraction
    14  involving standing, stopping, parking  or  motor  vehicle  equipment  or
    15  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    16  of liability of an owner for  a  violation  of  section  eleven  hundred
    17  seventy-four  of  this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    18  seventy-four-a of this  chapter,  there  shall  be  levied  a  mandatory
    19  surcharge,  in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in
    20  the amount of seventeen dollars.
    21    § 10. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e  of  the  vehicle
    22  and  traffic law, as amended by section 11 of chapter 222 of the laws of
    23  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    24    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    25  a court or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result  in  a
    26  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    27  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    28  fic  infraction  under  this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or
    29  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    30  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    31  bicyclists, and except an adjudication of liability of an  owner  for  a
    32  violation  of  subdivision  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this
    33  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    34  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chap-
    35  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
    36  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    37  chapter,  and  except  an  adjudication  of  liability of an owner for a
    38  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    39  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chap-
    40  ter,  and  except  an  adjudication  in  accordance  with section eleven
    41  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  of  a  violation  of  a  bus  lane
    42  restriction  as  defined  in such section, and except an adjudication of
    43  liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d),  (f)
    44  or  (g)  of  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance
    45  with section eleven hundred eighty-b of  this  chapter,  and  except  an
    46  adjudication  of  liability  of  an owner for a violation of subdivision
    47  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    48  ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of this  chapter,
    49  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of
    50  toll collection  regulations  pursuant  to  section  two  thousand  nine
    51  hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a,
    52  sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c  of  chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the
    53  laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition to any
    54  sentence, penalty or other surcharge required or permitted  by  law,  an
    55  additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.

        S. 4524--A                         34
     1    §  10-a. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle
     2  and traffic law, as amended by section 11-a of chapter 222 of  the  laws
     3  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
     4    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
     5  a  court  or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result in a
     6  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
     7  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
     8  fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule  or
     9  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    10  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    11  bicyclists,  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a
    12  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    13  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    14  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    15  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this  chap-
    16  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    17  chapter,  and  except  an adjudication in accordance with section eleven
    18  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  of  a  violation  of  a  bus  lane
    19  restriction  as  defined  in such section, and except an adjudication of
    20  liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d),  (f)
    21  or  (g)  of  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance
    22  with section eleven hundred eighty-b of  this  chapter,  and  except  an
    23  adjudication  of  liability  of  an owner for a violation of subdivision
    24  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    25  ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of this  chapter,
    26  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of
    27  toll collection  regulations  pursuant  to  section  two  thousand  nine
    28  hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a,
    29  sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c  of  chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the
    30  laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition to any
    31  sentence, penalty or other surcharge required or permitted  by  law,  an
    32  additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    33    §  10-b. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle
    34  and traffic law, as amended by section 11-b of chapter 222 of  the  laws
    35  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
    36    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    37  a  court  or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result in a
    38  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    39  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    40  fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule  or
    41  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    42  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    43  bicyclists,  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a
    44  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    45  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    46  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    47  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this  chap-
    48  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    49  chapter,  and  except  an  adjudication  of  liability of an owner for a
    50  violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or  (g)  of  section  eleven
    51  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    52  eighty-b  of this chapter, and except an adjudication of liability of an
    53  owner for a violation of subdivision  (b),  (c),  (d),  (f)  or  (g)  of
    54  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section
    55  eleven  hundred  eighty-c of this chapter, and except an adjudication of
    56  liability of an owner for a violation  of  toll  collection  regulations

        S. 4524--A                         35
     1  pursuant  to section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public
     2  authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of  chap-
     3  ter  seven  hundred  seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty,
     4  there  shall  be  levied  in  addition to any sentence, penalty or other
     5  surcharge required or permitted by law, an additional surcharge of twen-
     6  ty-eight dollars.
     7    § 10-c. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the  vehicle
     8  and  traffic  law, as amended by section 11-c of chapter 222 of the laws
     9  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
    10    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    11  a court or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result  in  a
    12  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    13  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    14  fic  infraction  under  this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or
    15  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    16  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    17  bicyclists, and except an adjudication of liability of an  owner  for  a
    18  violation  of  subdivision  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this
    19  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    20  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chap-
    21  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
    22  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    23  chapter, and except an adjudication of  liability  of  an  owner  for  a
    24  violation  of  subdivision  (b),  (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven
    25  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    26  eighty-c of this chapter, and except an adjudication of liability of  an
    27  owner for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to section
    28  two  thousand  nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or
    29  sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c  of  chapter  seven  hundred
    30  seventy-four  of  the  laws  of  nineteen  hundred fifty, there shall be
    31  levied in addition to any sentence, penalty or other surcharge  required
    32  or permitted by law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    33    §  10-d. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle
    34  and traffic law, as amended by section 11-d of chapter 222 of  the  laws
    35  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
    36    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    37  a  court  or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result in a
    38  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    39  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    40  fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule  or
    41  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    42  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    43  bicyclists,  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a
    44  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    45  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    46  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    47  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this  chap-
    48  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    49  chapter,  and  except  an  adjudication  of  liability of an owner for a
    50  violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to section  two  thou-
    51  sand  nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections
    52  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    53  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition
    54  to any sentence, penalty or other surcharge  required  or  permitted  by
    55  law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.

        S. 4524--A                         36
     1    §  10-e. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle
     2  and traffic law, as amended by section 11-e of chapter 222 of  the  laws
     3  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
     4    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
     5  a  court  or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result in a
     6  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
     7  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
     8  fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule  or
     9  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    10  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    11  bicyclists,  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a
    12  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    13  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    14  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
    15  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    16  chapter, and except an adjudication of  liability  of  an  owner  for  a
    17  violation  of  toll collection regulations pursuant to section two thou-
    18  sand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or  sections
    19  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    20  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition
    21  to  any  sentence,  penalty  or other surcharge required or permitted by
    22  law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    23    § 10-f. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the  vehicle
    24  and  traffic law, as amended by section 5 of part C of chapter 55 of the
    25  laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows:
    26    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    27  a court or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result  in  a
    28  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    29  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    30  fic  infraction  under  this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or
    31  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    32  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    33  bicyclists, and except an adjudication of liability of an  owner  for  a
    34  violation  of  subdivision  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this
    35  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    36  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this
    37  chapter,  and  except  an  adjudication  of  liability of an owner for a
    38  violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to section  two  thou-
    39  sand  nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections
    40  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    41  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition
    42  to any sentence, penalty or other surcharge  required  or  permitted  by
    43  law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    44    §  11.  Subdivision  1 of section 371 of the general municipal law, as
    45  amended by section 12 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to
    46  read as follows:
    47    1.  A  traffic  violations  bureau so established may be authorized to
    48  dispose of violations of traffic laws, ordinances, rules and regulations
    49  when such offenses shall not constitute the traffic infraction known  as
    50  speeding  or a misdemeanor or felony, and, if authorized by local law or
    51  ordinance, to adjudicate the  liability  of  owners  for  violations  of
    52  subdivision  (d)  of  section  eleven  hundred eleven of the vehicle and
    53  traffic law in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a  of  such
    54  law  or section eleven hundred eleven-b of such law as added by sections
    55  sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws  of
    56  two  thousand  nine  which  amended  this subdivision, or section eleven

        S. 4524--A                         37
     1  hundred eleven-d of such law, or section eleven hundred eleven-e of such
     2  law or section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of such law.
     3    §  11-a.  Section  371  of  the  general  municipal law, as amended by
     4  section 12-a of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to  read  as
     5  follows:
     6    §  371.  Jurisdiction  and  procedure.  A traffic violations bureau so
     7  established may be authorized to dispose of violations of traffic  laws,
     8  ordinances,  rules  and regulations when such offenses shall not consti-
     9  tute the traffic infraction known as speeding or a misdemeanor or  felo-
    10  ny,  and,  if  authorized  by  local law or ordinance, to adjudicate the
    11  liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section  eleven
    12  hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section
    13  eleven  hundred  eleven-b  of  such  law as added by sections sixteen of
    14  chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of  two  thou-
    15  sand  nine which amended this section or section eleven hundred eleven-d
    16  of such law or section eleven hundred eleven-e of such law,  or  section
    17  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  such  law,  by  permitting a person
    18  charged with an offense within the limitations herein stated, to answer,
    19  within a specified time, at the traffic  violations  bureau,  either  in
    20  person or by written power of attorney in such form as may be prescribed
    21  in  the  ordinance creating the bureau, by paying a prescribed fine and,
    22  in writing, waiving a hearing in court, pleading guilty to the charge or
    23  admitting liability as an owner for the violation of subdivision (d)  of
    24  section  eleven  hundred  eleven  of the vehicle and traffic law, as the
    25  case may be, and authorizing the person in charge of the bureau to  make
    26  such a plea or admission and pay such a fine in court. Acceptance of the
    27  prescribed  fine  and  power  of  attorney by the bureau shall be deemed
    28  complete satisfaction for the violation or of  the  liability,  and  the
    29  violator  or  owner liable for a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    30  eleven hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law shall  be  given  a
    31  receipt  which  so  states. If a person charged with a traffic violation
    32  does not answer as hereinbefore prescribed, within  a  designated  time,
    33  the  bureau  shall  cause  a  complaint to be entered against him or her
    34  forthwith and a warrant to be issued for his or her arrest  and  appear-
    35  ance  before  the  court.  Any  person  who  shall have been, within the
    36  preceding twelve months, guilty of a number  of  parking  violations  in
    37  excess  of  such maximum number as may be designated by the court, or of
    38  three or more violations other than parking  violations,  shall  not  be
    39  permitted  to appear and answer to a subsequent violation at the traffic
    40  violations bureau, but must appear in court at a time specified  by  the
    41  bureau.  Such  traffic  violations  bureau  shall  not  be authorized to
    42  deprive a person of his or her right to counsel or to prevent him or her
    43  from exercising his or her right  to  appear  in  court  to  answer  to,
    44  explain,  or  defend any charge of a violation of any traffic law, ordi-
    45  nance, rule or regulation.
    46    § 11-b. Section 371 of  the  general  municipal  law,  as  amended  by
    47  section  12-b  of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to read as
    48  follows:
    49    § 371. Jurisdiction and procedure.  A  traffic  violations  bureau  so
    50  established  may be authorized to dispose of violations of traffic laws,
    51  ordinances, rules and regulations when such offenses shall  not  consti-
    52  tute  the traffic infraction known as speeding or a misdemeanor or felo-
    53  ny, and, if authorized by local law  or  ordinance,  to  adjudicate  the
    54  liability  of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven
    55  hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section
    56  eleven hundred eleven-d or section eleven hundred  eleven-e  or  section

        S. 4524--A                         38
     1  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of the vehicle and traffic law, by permit-
     2  ting  a  person  charged  with  an offense within the limitations herein
     3  stated, to answer, within a specified time, at  the  traffic  violations
     4  bureau, either in person or by written power of attorney in such form as
     5  may  be  prescribed  in  the  ordinance creating the bureau, by paying a
     6  prescribed fine and, in writing, waiving a hearing  in  court,  pleading
     7  guilty  to  the  charge  or  admitting  liability  as  an  owner for the
     8  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven  hundred  eleven  of  the
     9  vehicle  and traffic law, as the case may be, and authorizing the person
    10  in charge of the bureau to make such a plea or admission and pay such  a
    11  fine  in  court. Acceptance of the prescribed fine and power of attorney
    12  by the bureau shall be deemed complete satisfaction for the violation or
    13  of the liability, and the violator or owner liable for  a  violation  of
    14  subdivision  (d)  of  section  eleven  hundred eleven of the vehicle and
    15  traffic law shall be given a  receipt  which  so  states.  If  a  person
    16  charged  with  a  traffic  violation  does  not  answer  as hereinbefore
    17  prescribed, within a designated time, the bureau shall cause a complaint
    18  to be entered against him or her forthwith and a warrant  to  be  issued
    19  for  his  or  her arrest and appearance before the court. Any person who
    20  shall have been, within the preceding twelve months, guilty of a  number
    21  of  parking violations in excess of such maximum number as may be desig-
    22  nated by the court, or of three or more violations  other  than  parking
    23  violations,  shall not be permitted to appear and answer to a subsequent
    24  violation at the traffic violations bureau, but must appear in court  at
    25  a time specified by the bureau. Such traffic violations bureau shall not
    26  be  authorized  to deprive a person of his or her right to counsel or to
    27  prevent him or her from exercising his or her right to appear  in  court
    28  to  answer to, explain, or defend any charge of a violation of any traf-
    29  fic law, ordinance, rule or regulation.
    30    § 11-c. Section 371 of  the  general  municipal  law,  as  amended  by
    31  section  12-c  of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to read as
    32  follows:
    33    § 371. Jurisdiction and procedure.  A  traffic  violations  bureau  so
    34  established  may be authorized to dispose of violations of traffic laws,
    35  ordinances, rules and regulations when such offenses shall  not  consti-
    36  tute  the traffic infraction known as speeding or a misdemeanor or felo-
    37  ny, and, if authorized by local law  or  ordinance,  to  adjudicate  the
    38  liability  of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven
    39  hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section
    40  eleven hundred eleven-e of the vehicle and traffic law, and, if  author-
    41  ized  by  local  law or ordinance, to adjudicate the liability of owners
    42  for violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and
    43  traffic law in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a  of
    44  the  vehicle  and  traffic  law  by  permitting a person charged with an
    45  offense within the limitations herein stated, to answer, within a speci-
    46  fied time, at the traffic violations bureau,  either  in  person  or  by
    47  written power of attorney in such form as may be prescribed in the ordi-
    48  nance  creating the bureau, by paying a prescribed fine and, in writing,
    49  waiving a hearing in court, pleading guilty to the charge  or  admitting
    50  liability as an owner for violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven
    51  hundred  eleven  of  the vehicle and traffic law, as the case may be, or
    52  admitting liability as an  owner  for  a  violation  of  section  eleven
    53  hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and traffic law, as the case may be,
    54  and  authorizing  the person in charge of the bureau to make such a plea
    55  or admission and pay such a fine in court. Acceptance of the  prescribed
    56  fine and power of attorney by the bureau shall be deemed complete satis-

        S. 4524--A                         39
     1  faction for the violation or of the liability, and the violator or owner
     2  liable  for  a  violation  of  subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
     3  eleven of the vehicle and traffic law or owner liable for a violation of
     4  section eleven hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and traffic law shall
     5  be  given  a receipt which so states. If a person charged with a traffic
     6  violation does not answer as hereinbefore prescribed,  within  a  desig-
     7  nated time, the bureau shall cause a complaint to be entered against him
     8  or  her  forthwith  and a warrant to be issued for his or her arrest and
     9  appearance before the court. Any person who shall have been, within  the
    10  preceding  twelve  months,  guilty  of a number of parking violations in
    11  excess of such maximum number as may be designated by the court,  or  of
    12  three  or  more  violations  other than parking violations, shall not be
    13  permitted to appear and answer to a subsequent violation at the  traffic
    14  violations  bureau,  but must appear in court at a time specified by the
    15  bureau. Such traffic  violations  bureau  shall  not  be  authorized  to
    16  deprive a person of his or her right to counsel or to prevent him or her
    17  from  exercising  his  or  her  right  to  appear in court to answer to,
    18  explain, or defend any charge of a violation of any traffic  law,  ordi-
    19  nance, rule or regulation.
    20    §  11-d. Section 371 of the general municipal law, as amended by chap-
    21  ter 802 of the laws of 1949, is amended to read as follows:
    22    § 371. Jurisdiction and procedure.  A  traffic  violations  bureau  so
    23  established  may be authorized to dispose of violations of traffic laws,
    24  ordinances, rules and regulations when such offenses shall  not  consti-
    25  tute  the traffic infraction known as speeding or a misdemeanor or felo-
    26  ny, and, if authorized by local law  or  ordinance,  to  adjudicate  the
    27  liability  of  owners  for violations of section eleven hundred seventy-
    28  four of the vehicle and traffic law in accordance  with  section  eleven
    29  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  the vehicle and traffic law by permitting a
    30  person charged with an offense within the limitations herein stated,  to
    31  answer,  within  a  specified  time,  at  the traffic violations bureau,
    32  either in person or by written power of attorney in such form as may  be
    33  prescribed  in the ordinance creating the bureau, by paying a prescribed
    34  fine and, in writing, waiving a hearing in court, pleading guilty to the
    35  charge, or admitting liability as an owner for a  violation  of  section
    36  eleven  hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and traffic law, as the case
    37  may be and authorizing the person in charge of the bureau to make such a
    38  plea or admission and pay such a fine  in  court.    Acceptance  of  the
    39  prescribed  fine  and  power  of  attorney by the bureau shall be deemed
    40  complete satisfaction for the  violation,  and  the  violator  or  owner
    41  liable  for  a  violation  of section eleven hundred seventy-four of the
    42  vehicle and traffic law shall be given a receipt which so states.  If  a
    43  person  charged with a traffic violation does not answer as hereinbefore
    44  prescribed, within a designated time, the bureau shall cause a complaint
    45  to be entered against him or her forthwith and a warrant  to  be  issued
    46  for  his  or  her arrest and appearance before the court. Any person who
    47  shall have been, within the preceding twelve months, guilty of a  number
    48  of  parking violations in excess of such maximum number as may be desig-
    49  nated by the court, or of three or more violations  other  than  parking
    50  violations,  shall not be permitted to appear and answer to a subsequent
    51  violation at the traffic violations bureau, but must appear in court  at
    52  a time specified by the bureau. Such traffic violations bureau shall not
    53  be  authorized  to deprive a person of his or her right to counsel or to
    54  prevent him or her from exercising his or her right to appear  in  court
    55  to  answer to, explain, or defend any charge of a violation of any traf-
    56  fic law, ordinance, rule or regulation.

        S. 4524--A                         40
     1    § 12. Subdivision 2 of section  87  of  the  public  officers  law  is
     2  amended by adding a new paragraph (p) to read as follows:
     3    (p)  are  photographs,  microphotographs,  videotape or other recorded
     4  images prepared under authority of section eleven hundred seventy-four-a
     5  of the vehicle and traffic law.
     6    § 13. Section 1604 of the education law is amended  by  adding  a  new
     7  subdivision 43 to read as follows:
     8    43. To pass, in the discretion of the trustees, a resolution authoriz-
     9  ing  the  use  of  school bus cameras pursuant to section eleven hundred
    10  seventy-four-a of the vehicle and traffic law, provided that  the  trus-
    11  tees  may also enter into contracts with a third party for the installa-
    12  tion, administration, operation, notice processing, and  maintenance  of
    13  such  cameras  pursuant  to section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of the
    14  vehicle and traffic law, provided that the  purchase,  lease,  installa-
    15  tion, operation and maintenance, or any other costs associated with such
    16  cameras shall be considered an aidable expense pursuant to section thir-
    17  ty-six hundred twenty-three-a of this chapter.
    18    §  14.  Section  1709  of the education law is amended by adding a new
    19  subdivision 43 to read as follows:
    20    43. To pass a resolution, in the discretion of the board,  authorizing
    21  the  use of school bus cameras pursuant to section eleven hundred seven-
    22  ty-four-a of the vehicle and traffic law, provided that  the  board  may
    23  also  enter  into  contracts  with  a  third party for the installation,
    24  administration, operation, notice processing, and  maintenance  of  such
    25  cameras pursuant to section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of the vehicle
    26  and traffic law, provided that the purchase, lease, installation, opera-
    27  tion  and  maintenance,  or any other costs associated with such cameras
    28  shall be considered an aidable expense pursuant  to  section  thirty-six
    29  hundred twenty-three-a of this chapter.
    30    § 15. Operation of school bus photo violation monitoring systems with-
    31  in  a  school  district in accordance with section 1174-a of the vehicle
    32  and traffic law. 1. The governing body of any county and  the  municipal
    33  officers  and  boards  in the several cities, towns and villages located
    34  within a school district which have adopted  local  laws  or  ordinances
    35  pursuant to section 1174-a of the vehicle and traffic law establishing a
    36  demonstration  program  imposing  monetary  liability  on the owner of a
    37  vehicle for failure of an operator thereof to comply with  section  1174
    38  of  the  vehicle  and  traffic  law when meeting a school bus marked and
    39  equipped as provided in subdivisions 20 and 21-c of section 375  of  the
    40  vehicle  and  traffic  law  and  operated  in such county, city, town or
    41  village, are each hereby authorized to enter into an agreement with  the
    42  applicable  school  district  ("district") for the installation, mainte-
    43  nance and use of school bus photo violation monitoring systems, for  the
    44  proper  handling  and  custody  of  photographs, microphotographs, vide-
    45  otapes, other recorded images and data produced by such systems, and for
    46  the forwarding of such photographs, microphotographs, videotapes,  other
    47  recorded  images  and  data  to  the  applicable  county,  city, town or
    48  village, subject to the provisions of this section and section 1174-a of
    49  the vehicle and traffic law.  Provided, however, that where  a  district
    50  has entered an agreement as provided hereunder with a county, no cities,
    51  towns  or  villages within the same county may enter into, or be a party
    52  to, any agreement with such district pursuant to this section.  Provided
    53  further,  however, that no county shall enter an agreement with any city
    54  school district wholly contained within a city.
    55    2. No agreement with the applicable school district shall take  effect
    56  until  a  county, city, town or village located within such district has

        S. 4524--A                         41
     1  adopted a local law or ordinance as authorized  by  subdivision  (a)  of
     2  section  1174-a  of  the  vehicle and traffic law.   Except as otherwise
     3  provided herein, subsequent counties, cities, towns and villages  within
     4  such  district  may  enter into the agreement with the district provided
     5  that they have adopted a local law or ordinance as authorized by  subdi-
     6  vision (a) of section 1174-a of the vehicle and traffic law.
     7    § 16. For the purpose of informing and educating owners of motor vehi-
     8  cles in this state, any county not wholly contained within a city, city,
     9  town or village authorized to issue notices of liability pursuant to the
    10  provisions  of  this act may, during the first sixty-day period in which
    11  school bus safety cameras are in operation pursuant to the provisions of
    12  this act within such county, city, town  or  village,  issue  a  written
    13  warning in lieu of a notice of liability to all owners of motor vehicles
    14  who would be held liable for failure of operators thereof to comply with
    15  section  1174  of  the vehicle and traffic law when meeting a school bus
    16  marked and equipped as provided in subdivisions 20 and 21-c  of  section
    17  375 of such law.
    18    §  17.  This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day after it shall
    19  have become a law; provided that:
    20    (a) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 235 of the vehicle  and
    21  traffic law made by section one of this act shall not affect the expira-
    22  tion  of  such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
    23  upon such date the provisions of section one-a of this  act  shall  take
    24  effect;
    25    (b)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    26  by section one-a of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    27  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    28  provisions of section one-b of this act shall take effect;
    29    (c)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    30  by section one-b of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    31  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    32  provisions of section one-c of this act shall take effect;
    33    (d)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    34  by section one-c of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    35  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    36  provisions of section one-d of this act shall take effect;
    37    (e)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    38  by section one-d of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    39  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    40  provisions of section one-e of this act shall take effect;
    41    (f)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    42  by section one-e of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    43  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    44  provisions of section one-f of this act shall take effect;
    45    (g)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    46  by section one-f of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    47  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    48  provisions of section one-g of this act shall take effect;
    49    (h)  the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and
    50  traffic law made by section two of this act shall not affect the expira-
    51  tion of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire  therewith,  when
    52  upon  such  date  the provisions of section two-a of this act shall take
    53  effect;
    54    (i) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle  and
    55  traffic law made by section two-a of this act shall not affect the expi-
    56  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when

        S. 4524--A                         42
     1  upon  such  date  the provisions of section two-b of this act shall take
     2  effect;
     3    (j)  the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and
     4  traffic law made by section two-b of this act shall not affect the expi-
     5  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
     6  upon such date the provisions of section two-c of this  act  shall  take
     7  effect;
     8    (k)  the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and
     9  traffic law made by section two-c of this act shall not affect the expi-
    10  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
    11  upon such date the provisions of section two-d of this  act  shall  take
    12  effect;
    13    (l)  the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and
    14  traffic law made by section two-d of this act shall not affect the expi-
    15  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
    16  upon such date the provisions of section two-e of this  act  shall  take
    17  effect;
    18    (m)  the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and
    19  traffic law made by section two-e of this act shall not affect the expi-
    20  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
    21  upon such date the provisions of section two-f of this  act  shall  take
    22  effect;
    23    (n)  the  amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of
    24  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four of this act  shall  not
    25  affect  the  expiration  of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire
    26  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section four-a of  this
    27  act shall take effect;
    28    (o)  the  amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of
    29  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-a of this act shall not
    30  affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be  deemed  to  expire
    31  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section four-b of this
    32  act shall take effect;
    33    (p) the amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section  239  of
    34  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-b of this act shall not
    35  affect  the  expiration  of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire
    36  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section four-c of  this
    37  act shall take effect;
    38    (q)  the  amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of
    39  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-c of this act shall not
    40  affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be  deemed  to  expire
    41  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section four-d of this
    42  act shall take effect;
    43    (r) the amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section  239  of
    44  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-d of this act shall not
    45  affect  the  expiration  of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire
    46  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section four-e of  this
    47  act shall take effect;
    48    (s)  the  amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of
    49  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-e of this act shall not
    50  affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be  deemed  to  expire
    51  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section four-f of this
    52  act shall take effect;
    53    (t) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 1-a of  section  240  of  the
    54  vehicle  and  traffic  law  made  by  section five of this act shall not
    55  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire

        S. 4524--A                         43
     1  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section five-a of  this
     2  act shall take effect;
     3    (u)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the
     4  vehicle and traffic law made by section five-a of  this  act  shall  not
     5  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
     6  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section five-b of this
     7  act shall take effect;
     8    (v) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 1-a of  section  240  of  the
     9  vehicle  and  traffic  law  made by section five-b of this act shall not
    10  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    11  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section five-c of  this
    12  act shall take effect;
    13    (w)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the
    14  vehicle and traffic law made by section five-c of  this  act  shall  not
    15  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    16  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section five-d of this
    17  act shall take effect;
    18    (x) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 1-a of  section  240  of  the
    19  vehicle  and  traffic  law  made by section five-d of this act shall not
    20  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    21  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section five-e of  this
    22  act shall take effect;
    23    (y)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the
    24  vehicle and traffic law made by section five-e of  this  act  shall  not
    25  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    26  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section five-f of this
    27  act shall take effect;
    28    (z) the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2  of  section
    29  240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section six of this act shall
    30  not  affect  the  expiration  of  such paragraphs and shall be deemed to
    31  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-a of
    32  this act shall take effect;
    33    (aa) the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of  section
    34  240  of  the  vehicle  and traffic law made by section six-a of this act
    35  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall  be  deemed
    36  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-b
    37  of this act shall take effect;
    38    (bb)  the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section
    39  240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section  six-b  of  this  act
    40  shall  not  affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall be deemed
    41  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-c
    42  of this act shall take effect;
    43    (cc) the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of  section
    44  240  of  the  vehicle  and traffic law made by section six-c of this act
    45  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall  be  deemed
    46  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-d
    47  of this act shall take effect;
    48    (dd)  the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section
    49  240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section  six-d  of  this  act
    50  shall  not  affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall be deemed
    51  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-e
    52  of this act shall take effect;
    53    (ee) the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of  section
    54  240  of  the  vehicle  and traffic law made by section six-e of this act
    55  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall  be  deemed

        S. 4524--A                         44
     1  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-f
     2  of this act shall take effect;
     3    (ff)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions  1 and 2 of section 241 of the
     4  vehicle and traffic law made by section seven  of  this  act  shall  not
     5  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
     6  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-a of this
     7  act shall take effect;
     8    (gg)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions  1 and 2 of section 241 of the
     9  vehicle and traffic law made by section seven-a of this  act  shall  not
    10  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    11  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-b of this
    12  act shall take effect;
    13    (hh)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions  1 and 2 of section 241 of the
    14  vehicle and traffic law made by section seven-b of this  act  shall  not
    15  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    16  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-c of this
    17  act shall take effect;
    18    (ii)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions  1 and 2 of section 241 of the
    19  vehicle and traffic law made by section seven-c of this  act  shall  not
    20  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    21  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-d of this
    22  act shall take effect;
    23    (jj)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions  1 and 2 of section 241 of the
    24  vehicle and traffic law made by section seven-d of this  act  shall  not
    25  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    26  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-e of this
    27  act shall take effect;
    28    (kk)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions  1 and 2 of section 241 of the
    29  vehicle and traffic law made by section seven-e of this  act  shall  not
    30  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    31  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-f of this
    32  act shall take effect;
    33    (ll)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    34  and traffic law made by section nine of this act shall  not  affect  the
    35  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    36  when upon such date the provisions of section nine-a of this  act  shall
    37  take effect;
    38    (mm)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    39  and traffic law made by section nine-a of this act shall not affect  the
    40  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    41  when upon such date the provisions of section nine-b of this  act  shall
    42  take effect;
    43    (nn)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    44  and traffic law made by section nine-b of this act shall not affect  the
    45  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    46  when upon such date the provisions of section nine-c of this  act  shall
    47  take effect;
    48    (oo)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    49  and traffic law made by section nine-c of this act shall not affect  the
    50  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    51  when upon such date the provisions of section nine-d of this  act  shall
    52  take effect;
    53    (pp)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    54  and traffic law made by section nine-d of this act shall not affect  the
    55  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,

        S. 4524--A                         45
     1  when upon such date the provisions of section nine-e of this  act  shall
     2  take effect;
     3    (qq)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
     4  and traffic law made by section nine-e of this act shall not affect  the
     5  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
     6  when upon such date the provisions of section nine-f of this  act  shall
     7  take effect;
     8    (rr)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
     9  and traffic law made by section nine-f of this act shall not affect  the
    10  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    11  when upon such date the provisions of section nine-g of this  act  shall
    12  take effect;
    13    (ss)  the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
    14  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section ten of this act shall not
    15  affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be  deemed  to  expire
    16  therewith,  when  upon such date the provisions of section ten-a of this
    17  act shall take effect;
    18    (tt) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section  1809-e
    19  of  the  vehicle and traffic law made by section ten-a of this act shall
    20  not affect the expiration of such  paragraph  and  shall  be  deemed  to
    21  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section ten-b of
    22  this act shall take effect;
    23    (uu)  the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
    24  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section ten-b of this  act  shall
    25  not  affect  the  expiration  of  such  paragraph and shall be deemed to
    26  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section ten-c of
    27  this act shall take effect;
    28    (vv) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section  1809-e
    29  of  the  vehicle and traffic law made by section ten-c of this act shall
    30  not affect the expiration of such  paragraph  and  shall  be  deemed  to
    31  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section ten-d of
    32  this act shall take effect;
    33    (ww)  the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
    34  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section ten-d of this  act  shall
    35  not  affect  the  expiration  of  such  paragraph and shall be deemed to
    36  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section ten-e of
    37  this act shall take effect;
    38    (xx) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section  1809-e
    39  of  the  vehicle and traffic law made by section ten-e of this act shall
    40  not affect the expiration of such  paragraph  and  shall  be  deemed  to
    41  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section ten-f of
    42  this act shall take effect;
    43    (yy) the amendments made to subdivision 1 of section 371 of the gener-
    44  al municipal law made by section eleven of this act shall not affect the
    45  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    46  when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-a of this act shall
    47  take effect;
    48    (zz) the amendments made to section 371 of the general  municipal  law
    49  made  by section eleven-a of this act shall not affect the expiration of
    50  such section and shall be deemed to expire  therewith,  when  upon  such
    51  date the provisions of section eleven-b of this act shall take effect;
    52    (aaa)  the amendments made to section 371 of the general municipal law
    53  made by section eleven-b of this act shall not affect the expiration  of
    54  such  section  and  shall  be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such
    55  date the provisions of section eleven-c of this act shall  take  effect;
    56  and

        S. 4524--A                         46
     1    (bbb)  the amendments made to section 371 of the general municipal law
     2  made by section eleven-c of this act shall not affect the expiration  of
     3  such  section  and  shall  be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such
     4  date the provisions of section eleven-d of this act shall take effect.
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